Thyroiditis or inflammation of the thyroid gland has many causes. This pathology is a set of symptoms caused by infectious, inflammatory, or immune processes. Consider inflammation of the thyroid gland: symptoms in women and treatment.
Inflammation of the thyroid gland: types of the disease
Various disorders in the body can affect the normal functioning of the thyroid gland, resulting in nodules, goiter, thyroiditis and even cancer. Such pathologies can be caused by an excess of thyroid hormones - hyperthyroidism, and their absence - hypothyroidism.
One of the most common violations in the work of the thyroid gland is thyroiditis. There are several varieties of it:
- acute purulent;
- painless inflammation;
- fibrous invasive;
- chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis - Hashimoto disease;
Causes of pathology and symptoms
Let us consider in more detail the causes and signs of inflammation of the thyroid gland, depending on the type of thyroiditis. Acute thyroiditis is caused by bacteria, an intestinal and tubercle bacillus, and more rarely a fungal infection or parasites. The disease occurs on the background of high temperature with significant local inflammatory signs. So, there is spontaneous pain in the neck, felt compaction during palpation. Acute thyroiditis can have serious complications if untreated.
Subacute thyroiditis occurs after a previous viral infection, such as epidemic parotitis, viral hepatitis, Coxsackie, etc. It is accompanied by such signs as:
- muscle pain;
- lower back and neck pain radiating to the jaw and ears;
- difficulty swallowing;
- slight temperature rise.
There is also a painful increase in the volume of the thyroid gland - the so-called goiter.
Signs of hyperthyroidism are possible:
- weight loss;
Subacute thyroiditis disappears spontaneously. Painless thyroiditis has no exact origin. It is most often observed in women after pregnancy and proceeds without pain. There may be mild signs of hyperthyroidism associated with goiter. Symptoms of painless inflammation as well as with subacute thyroiditis, disappear unexpectedly.
Fibrous thyroiditis is an extremely rare, but rather serious disease of unknown origin, characterized by germination of fibrous tissues in skeletal muscles and the esophagus, which causes severe discomfort in the neck with shortness of breath and difficulty in swallowing. Fibrous thyroiditis is a pathology with extremely rapid development.
Lymphocytic thyroiditis or Hashimoto disease is an autoimmune pathology. This disease most often affects women between the ages of 30 and 60. The emergence of chronic thyroiditis occurs gradually: seals form, painless goiter, concomitant hyperthyroidism. Such signs of hypothyroidism are secondary:
- weight gain;
Chronic thyroiditis has a variable course. Goiter may persist with normal hormonal background, the disease often progresses.
Postpartum thyroiditis is a relatively common phenomenon. It can persist or disappear, and then appear in subsequent births. Thyrotoxicosis can occur several months after delivery.
Cytokine - induced thyroiditis, arising after therapy with interleukin for blood diseases or cancer or as a result of treatment of hepatitis C with interferon preparations. This pathology tends to decrease as these treatments are discontinued.
Principles of treatment
Since we are dealing with different types of inflammation of the thyroid gland, then, accordingly, treatment will depend on certain indicators of the disease.
Traditional methods of therapy:
- Acute thyroiditis is treated mainly with antibiotics, but surgical intervention is sometimes required.
- As already noted, subacute thyroiditis has a spontaneous cure, but therapy can be prolonged. Anti-inflammatory drugs or aspirin taken for several weeks, reduce the development of the disease. For pain associated with inflammation, corticosteroids are prescribed.
- Painless thyroiditis rarely justifies treatment, sometimes beta-blockers are used to reduce the heart rate.
- Fibrous thyroiditis is treated only surgically.
- In chronic thyroiditis, hypothyroidism is indicated in hormone replacement therapy.
- Postpartum thyroiditis is not treated if it disappears spontaneously. Otherwise, treatment will depend on the presence of antibodies in the thyroid gland.
- Thyroiditis after cytokine therapy should be carefully monitored and treated if necessary.
Along with the traditional therapy, with inflammation of the thyroid gland, treatment with folk remedies is possible, of course, if the disease does not require serious medical or surgical intervention.
Gargling with tincture of flowers in devil:
- Flowers are collected in the second decade of July, laid in a jar (not more than half) and poured with diluted up to 40-45% alcohol to full volume.
- Insist 2 weeks.
- You must gargle daily once a night.
Filling iodine deficiency in the body
For the treatment of symptoms of goiter thyroid gland folk remedies offer to compensate for the iodine deficiency in the body. This can be done through the consumption of plant products containing this element. The most famous such product is sea kale.
Also, with goiter, the use of royal jelly is recommended. It is simply put under the tongue in the amount of 25-30 mg and dissolve. All this should happen one hour before meals.
The functional disorders of the thyroid gland are quite diverse, and in most cases they have the individual nature of the development of pathology. Therapeutic methods should primarily focus on the individual response of the patient. In addition, it is necessary to exclude any attempts at self-treatment.