With this disease is familiar firsthand the majority of women of reproductive age. The official name of thrush is "vaginal candidiasis." This is an inflammatory disease of the vagina, triggered by a yeast-like fungus Candida.
In fact, this fungus is present in small amounts in every person in the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract and vagina in women. If the microflora of a person is in a normal state, the growth of this fungus does not occur and it does not pose any danger. However, with some disorders in the body, the reproduction of these bacteria can occur, which causes inflammation.
Consider some factors that, according to experts, can affect the appearance of thrush:
- The weakening of immunity caused by taking antibiotics and hormonal drugs. If a woman is forced for one reason or another to use these medicines, their reception should be combined with special means that support and strengthen the immune system.
- Diabetes. The high content of sugar in the urine during urination forms on the mucous membrane of the vulva a particularly favorable environment for the reproduction of bacteria.
- Wearing synthetic underwear. The dense and not breathing fabric creates a favorable environment for reproduction of bacteria, therefore, whenever possible, it is necessary to give preference to cotton shorts.
- Improper intimate hygiene. The use of antibacterial agents can lead to disruption of the vaginal microflora.
- Frequent douching. Aggressive solutions for douching can disrupt the acid-base balance and adversely affect the microflora.
- The presence of sexually transmitted diseases.
- Violation of hormonal background.
Before looking for ways to cure ailment, you need to be sure of the intended diagnosis. So, consider the true symptoms of thrush:
- Itching in the crotch;
- Burning and pain when urinating;
- Discomfort during and after intercourse;
- Discharges from the vagina white, with no pronounced odor, resembling a curd in consistency;
- Noticeable redness of the genitals.
The problem of thrush is almost the most common in the field of women's health, and on this occasion in the network now and then there are various myths. Let us examine the most popular misconceptions regarding vaginal candidiasis.
- MYTH number 1: Thrush is a sexually transmitted disease. This is the most common misconception. Scientifically proven fact - thrush is not transmitted through sexual contact.
- MYTH number 2: Thrush causes the use of tampons. If you follow the basic rules of intimate hygiene, tampons can not provoke vaginal candidiasis.
- MYTH number 3: Thrush can be cured in 1 day with 1 tablet. Fungal disease is not so easy to treat, and it is impossible to get rid of the illness in one day, no matter how the manufacturers of tablets and candles would convince us of the opposite. Treatment of thrush requires a course of medication, and the process in most cases takes from one to two weeks.
- Myth number 4: Candidiasis of the genitals - a purely female disease. In fact, men are also subject
this disease, however, among the strong half, such cases are much less common - in about 15% of the males.
On the Internet you can find a lot of self-treatment options, for example: douche of soda with iodine, herbal baths, special diets. But do not forget that women's health is a very fragile thing, which requires extremely careful attitude, so you should not trust the advice of incompetent advisors from women's forums. There is a possibility that you made a mistake with the diagnosis, and based on the described symptoms, you have confused thrush with another, more serious disease. In this case, self-medication is fraught with the saddest consequences.
Despite the fact that the disease is very common and is not particularly dangerous, a visit to the gynecologist is still recommended. The doctor will conduct a microbiological study to finally confirm the diagnosis of vaginal candidiasis, help you find effective drugs for treatment, give you the necessary recommendations and answer all your questions. Take care and be healthy!