The heroine of our conversation is not at all sympathetic: it is a thrush in the mouth in adults, its symptoms, treatment and causes. The disease is scientifically called "oral candidiasis." Paraphrasing the well-known proverb, one can say: how to call this unpleasant disease, and in the language it will not become cleaner. Such a problem must be fought. How and how?
If only the mushrooms had grown in the mouth ...
Unfortunately, the mushrooms in the mouth can grow, and even so thickly, that both the tongue, and the gums, and the sky are covered with a solid white bloom. True adult thrush affects less frequently than children.
Oral candidosis is an infectious disease caused by Candida fungi. These are yeast-like microorganisms that are present in human microflora and live on the skin, in the intestinal cavity, in the vagina. If their active growth begins, then there is a thrush. It provides great discomfort and significantly impairs the quality of life.
Fight with thrush necessarily. The cunning of this disease lies in the fact that it turns the mucous membrane of the mouth into ectopic, which opens the gates for any infection. If no action is taken, the lesion will gradually spread to the whole mouth. In neglected form, the disease is poorly treatable and even can cause sepsis.
How does the disease begin?
To recover as quickly as possible and avoid complications, you should consult a doctor in time. For this, the main thing is not to miss the initial symptoms of thrush. Always pay attention to these warning signs:
- dryness and discomfort (burning, itching, soreness in the affected areas) in the mouth;
- slight redness on the mucous membrane;
- white patches in the cheek area. The first signs of fungal damage always appear on the inner surface of the cheeks, after which the thrush goes to the gums and tonsils;
- Cheesy formations at the initial stage are easy to remove with a cotton swab, there are slight reddenings under them.
When the disease is in full swing: the main symptoms of thrush in the mouth
Candidiasis progresses fairly quickly. The above symptoms, which are present in the first stage, are joined by other signs of oral candidiasis, namely:
- there is an increased sensitivity of the mucous membrane, it reacts with pain to sour, spicy, salty foods;
- there is a metallic taste, taste decreases;
- colonies of fungi capture the entire oral cavity - they can be found on the gums, tonsils. Thrush settles in adults on the tongue and may even affect the lips;
- if at first the bloom looks like white dots, then they merge into larger formations, and in some areas merge into a continuous film;
- removing thrush at this stage is no longer so easy; any contact with the affected area causes severe pain. And on the ground plaque occur ulcers and bleeding;
- it becomes painful to swallow saliva;
- general weakness appears;
- a person slows down the rate of speech;
- taste buds on tongue increase;
- there is a lump in the throat;
- there is a bad smell from the mouth;
- the temperature rises (which is the response of the body to the pathogenic activity of fungi);
- there are mycotic bunches - the skin in the corners of the mouth reddens, covered with small cracks, which are covered with white bloom.
Why do mushrooms grow in the mouth and who risk the most?
People over the age of 60 risk such a phenomenon, especially those who have to wear dentures. But this sore can "attack" on any adult, if he has reduced immunity. Women are subject to this disease much more than men.
One of the most "speaking" manifestations of thrush is white on the tongue. In adults, the causes of oral candidiasis are most often as follows:
- failure of the immune system;
- hormonal changes (during pregnancy or during menopause);
- alcohol addiction;
- long-term treatment with antibiotics, corticosteroid drugs, use of oral contraceptives, radiation therapy;
- addiction to drugs;
- injuries in the mouth;
- incorrectly fitted crowns;
- chronic oral diseases;
It should be borne in mind that oral candidiasis is a very contagious disease, which is transmitted through kissing, oral sex. A patient can share thrush with a healthy person when using the same dishes and personal hygiene items.
What tests need to pass?
If there are signs of thrush in the oral cavity, then you should contact your dentist. He will do a scraping of the mucous membrane (a pathogenic fungus will most likely be identified in it) and will issue a referral for a CBC. Next, an individual treatment plan will be drawn up. In case of severe damage, the treatment is carried out by an infectious disease disease.
Farewell, thrush: what is the treatment to recover quickly and without relapse?
The basis for the diagnosis of "thrush in the mouth in adults" is the symptoms. Treatment is prescribed after examination. It includes such drugs of local and general action:
- Nystatin drops or Candide oral solution 15 ml. Drip directly on the tongue from 3 to 4 p. per day. According to reviews, this is the most effective tool;
- wetting of mucous membranes with a solution of baking soda (1 tbsp of boiled water 1 tsp. soda). Procedures are done in 2-3 hours;
- Flucostat. Crush the capsule and pour into the mouth (before that, remove the white deposit with a bandage or gauze);
- Futsis tablets, Fluconazole, Ketoconazole;
- Holisal dental gel (produces analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects);
- vitamins of group B, PP, C;
- rinse with a solution of furatsilina, manganese, chamomile, calendula. They are carried out at least 7 times a day.
The patient is shown a diet: sweets and yeast products, which provoke the development of fungi, as well as hot, spicy foods (so as not to irritate the mucous membrane) must be removed from the diet. During and after treatment, oral hygiene should be strictly adhered to.
Thrush in the mouth is the representatives of both sexes. This is an extremely unpleasant disease. There is no guaranteed way to prevent it. In order not to get sick, watch your hygiene, give up bad habits, regularly visit the dentist and do not get carried away with antibiotics.