A child’s body often responds with a head cold to adverse health processes. The color and consistency of the discharge indicate the nature and stage of the disease. So, the presence of colorless snot speaks of the initial phase of a cold or simply a reaction to a change in temperature. And if the snot is green, the child has an infection in the body that must be combated.
Green snot in a child: causes
Against the background of reduced immunity, the infection quite easily enters the body, provoking the development of acute respiratory infections, SARS and other diseases. Usually their initial stage is characterized by light or transparent discharge from the nose, which does not cause concern on the part of the parents. But the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of the children's nose are the reason that babies suffer from a runny nose much more difficult than adults (it should be borne in mind that in very young children the breathing by mouth is not developed yet). Narrow nasal passages swell and become clogged with mucus that interferes with normal breathing. Therefore, the child may lose his appetite, headaches and sleep disturbance. All this in aggregate further suppresses the immunity of the child’s body.
If you do not immediately begin treatment, then in the nasal sinuses, bacteria begin to actively proliferate and infection develops. It is at this stage that thick green snot appears in the child. They are an indicator that a large number of pathogenic pathogens have settled in the nose, which the immune system cannot cope with on its own. If the green snot and the temperature of the child are present at the same time, this indicates that the disease is viral in nature.
During this period, the baby especially needs to receive intensive treatment, because without timely treatment, a simple cold can develop into inflammatory diseases such as sinusitis, pharyngitis, frontal sinusitis and otitis. This is due to the fact that pathogenic bacteria multiply rapidly, moving from the nose to the neighboring organs - the larynx, bronchi, lungs, ears, and even the brain, provoking inflammatory processes.
How to help the baby?
To prevent the development of infection, antibiotic drugs are often prescribed. But still, it is worthwhile to start treatment with more benign methods, so as not to expose the children's body to additional stress. It should be noted that in some situations taking antibiotics is necessary if other drugs are powerless or the disease is at an advanced stage. Only a specialist will be able to determine the exact diagnosis and stage, so it is worth starting the treatment after consulting him.
It should be borne in mind that thick green snot is essentially pus - this is evidenced by an unpleasant smell emanating from the discharge. It must be removed from the nose before starting treatment with medicines or folk remedies. To do this, you must do nasal rinsing regularly. There are many ways to independently prepare a solution that will not only effectively thin the mucus and clean the nasal cavity, but also provide an environment unfavorable for the further development of bacteria.
For the manufacture of a solution, you can use soda, which is stirred in a proportion of 0.5 tsp. to a glass of water, or sea salt (0.5 tsp. to 0.5 liters of water). The prepared warm solution is poured into the nose through one nostril, with its head tilted over the sink or basin, so that the solution flows out through the second nostril.
In some cases, when the discharge in the nose gets too thick consistency, it is advised to use an aspirator - a device that sucks the mucus from the nostrils.
After the rinse procedure, when the nose is clear of mucus, drops can be used. In order to remove the swelling of the nasal mucosa, use drugs with a vasoconstrictor effect that will allow the baby to restore nasal breathing. It is necessary to select such drops only with the help of a pediatric ENT doctor, since it is important to take into account the characteristics of the child’s body, age and other parameters. In addition, it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage of drugs, so as not to harm the delicate mucous of the baby.
Good results are given by drops and inhalations based on natural plants, such as:
- Birch buds;
- pine buds
To make drops, they make an infusion of these plants: take one or more herbs in equal proportions and pour hot water at the rate of 1 tbsp. l plants per 200 ml of water. Cool it with a cooled liquid several times a day, 2-3 drops in each nostril.
Pure coltsfoot juice, aloe, or parsley root can also be instilled with a few drops in each nostril 3-4 times a day.
Inhalation is made on the basis of not only the above herbs, but also essential oils. The following oils have proven to be the most effective in combating a strong cold:
- tea tree
A good and quick result is the use of raw onions. To do this, the onion is simply finely chopped and left overnight near the baby’s bed: the powerful volatile production emitted by vegetables effectively cope with infection in the airways.
Antiseptic and healing properties of honey make it an excellent tool for the treatment of rhinitis. To do this, the natural product is diluted with warm water (1 tsp. Honey per glass of water), and instilled a few drops in each nostril 3-5 times a day. For quick results, aloe and onion juice can also be added to the solution.
It is important to understand that green snot in a child is only a consequence of the disease, moreover - with the help of these secretions the body tries to cleanse, to remove all the toxins formed as a result of the presence of infection. Therefore, it is important not only not to allow the mucus to accumulate in the respiratory tract, but also to help the child's body cope with the infection, strengthening its immunity.