Disorders that occur in the blood circulation and are the cause of many diseases begin with blood thickening. This prevents the entry of oxygen and nutrients into the cells of the tissues, as well as the elimination of toxins. As a result, the state of health worsens, which begins with an overload of the lymphatic system. So, thick blood: causes and treatment.
Thick blood: possible consequences
Blood density is determined by the concentration of platelet plasma. If these cells become larger than normal, they begin to unite with each other, forming clots that are called blood clots. When too thick blood reaches the capillaries, it cannot flow freely through them, so oxygen and nutrients do not reach the cells in the tissues of the body.
According to statistics, such a blood condition is the main cause of cancer pathologies and a wide range of acute and chronic diseases:
- pulmonary embolus;
- heart attacks;
- multiple sclerosis;
- Alzheimer's disease;
- Parkinson's disease and others.
Thrombosis and an acute complication such as pulmonary embolism are considered to be the leading causes of death worldwide.
Causes of increased blood coagulation
The main cause of increased blood viscosity is food protein. Our body is able to digest only 25% of the total amount of protein eaten. The remaining protein continues to circulate in the blood until it reaches the extracellular tissue, mixing with the toxins produced by the cells. The extracellular fluid turns into a collagen-like fluid. This substance builds up on the walls of blood vessels, making them thicker and causing hardening and fragility of the arteries.
The beginning of the process is accompanied by the following symptoms of blood clotting in men and women:
- digestive disorders;
- stones in the liver and gall bladder;
- frequent bloating;
- weight gain and fat accumulation in the abdomen in men and hips in women;
- numbness of arms and legs during sleep;
- poor circulation in the limbs: they are cold in winter and hot in summer;
- skin diseases.
In addition, the causes of increased blood coagulation can be:
- Stagnation, that is, slowing blood flow. This phenomenon is facilitated by circumstances such as traveling, pregnancy, a sedentary lifestyle, work associated with a long standing position, etc.
- Vascular injuries, such as deep vein thrombosis after surgery.
- Hypercoagulation, which is observed when taking certain drugs in the case of cancer and sepsis. Various factors contribute to the development of hypercoagulation:
- venous congestion;
- decreased lung activity;
Symptomatology and diagnosis of the disease
The presence of venous thrombosis is characterized by such manifestations as:
- pain with palpation in the formation of thrombus;
- redness and warming of the skin, if the thrombosis is superficial;
- discoloration of the skin to bluish in case of superficial thrombosis;
- sometimes the formation of edema.
In about half of cases, deep vein thrombosis causes no symptoms. And with arterial thrombosis, you can observe a variety of symptoms:
- a clot in the cerebral artery causes symptoms of a stroke;
- thrombus in the coronary artery - signs of myocardial infarction;
- thrombus in the arteries of the lower extremities leads to the disappearance of the pulse in the leg, pallor, coldness of the skin;
- in thrombosis of the mesenteric artery that feeds the intestine, there is a strong, constant pain in the abdomen.
For the diagnosis of thrombosis use:
- blood tests;
- doppler sonography.
Methods of treating thick blood in men and women depend on the causes and type of thrombosis. In the case of superficial thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities, sometimes enough rest and treatment with anticoagulants, for example, aspirin-containing agents, to soothe the pain. Anticoagulant injections, such as Heparin, are used if there is a risk of deep vein thrombosis.
In the case of arterial thrombosis, treatment depends on the location of the thrombus. The speed of response is important here, especially for heart attack and stroke. If it is a heart attack, then for the treatment, fibrinolytic agents are used as soon as possible to dissolve the thrombus.
Folk remedies for blood thinning
In treating the causes of thick blood, folk remedies are also used. So, to a great extent, the daily consumption of freshly prepared fruit juices will help to make the blood less viscous. Another product that reduces blood clotting is flaxseed oil. It will help only one tablespoon of oil every morning before eating.
The most common products that lower blood viscosity are:
Proper thinning is also important for blood thinning:
- First of all, you should adjust your diet by eliminating animal protein and improving the quality of water consumed.
- Avoid coffee, alcohol, foods with preservatives and food additives.
- Prefer unprocessed foods, including fruits and vegetables, increase your intake of essential fatty acids, especially omega-3.
- Eliminate fried foods and eating hydrogenated fats.
Prevention of increased blood coagulation is reduced to measures such as:
- preventing overweight;
- exercise practice;
- proper and balanced nutrition;
- eating healthy foods, lots of fruits and vegetables;
- to give up smoking;
- constant monitoring of blood sugar and cholesterol levels;
- blood pressure control;
- the use of compression stockings to prevent varicose veins;
- periodic use of anticoagulants, such as aspirin.
As you can see, too thick blood is the cause of many serious health problems, so you need to think about lifestyle changes now. Take care and be healthy!