Eastern medical practices in the examination of the patient require first consider his language. Based on this test, as well as listening to the pulse on the wrists, doctors are able to give an incredibly clear diagnosis. It seems to be a real magic, or rather some sort of shamanism, it is difficult to believe in it, but in fact, this technique gives a really reliable result. Even in ancient times it was known that only the language can fully and in detail tell about the state of the internal organs.
When should you worry about health?
Regardless of the reasons that preceded its appearance, plaque on the tongue in adults and children is an accumulation of certain bacteria that inevitably multiply even in a healthy person. In the process of life, the front area of the tongue in a person is usually cleaned on his own, or else it is treated with an ordinary toothbrush, but the area closer to the root is often not affected, as a result of which there is always a more pronounced layer of plaque. The degree of accumulation of bacteria varies depending on the lifestyle, habits, diet, but you can never completely clear the tongue. As a result, it is important to understand exactly how to find the boundary between natural plaque and what signals serious violations.
- If you abuse alcohol and tobacco, be prepared for the fact that you have to clear your tongue daily. In addition to bacteria, heavy particles are deposited on it, also creating an additional layer.
- Depending on the season, affecting the general condition of the body, the thickness of the plaque also changes: in winter it is thinner, in the spring, during the period of beriberi, thickened. In the summer, due to frequent deficiency of moisture, it becomes especially thick, it may even get a yellowish tint. Because of these metamorphoses, there is no need to panic - they are completely natural. At least, exactly up to the moment when the bacteria do not begin to impede the movement of the tongue, and the plaque itself does not change its shade and does not darken.
In a healthy person, the plaque on the tongue is light, almost whitish, has no odor and does not completely cover the shade of the tongue surface. It usually appears after sleep, is destroyed by ordinary brushing of the teeth and tongue, does not occur in the same volume during the day. However, if by the lunchtime the tongue is again laid, and the thickness of the layer is such that it covers its surface, it is worth thinking: is everything good in the body? Perhaps somewhere in the center of the infection?
You can understand the exact diagnosis both in the shade of the covering layer and in the areas of its accumulation. And the so-called "severity" is often determined by the density - if the problem is at the initial stage, the relief is evident quite clearly, especially if you try to clear the movement with a pair. A neglected situation, including the chronic stage - a completely overlapped tongue, or clear spots in different zones.
- If the active accumulation of bacteria is observed only in the vertical middle band, in the recess, it's time to check the spine. The middle zone, most often prone to the appearance of plaque, signals a violation of the stomach, and the tip - of the intestine. The spleen usually gives a reaction on the left side, and a liver on the right side.
- Plaque spots can be located not only at certain points, but also in a chaotic order. Often this is characteristic of candidiasis or, in common, thrush. With this disease, plaque is present both on the tongue and under it, as well as on the inner surface of the cheeks and palate. If a similar arrangement of spots is observed in a child (especially a baby), this indicates candidal stomatitis.
- If under the patches of plaque (usually white), the surface of the tongue has strongly reddened, this is a sure sign of scarlet fever.
Separately, it is worth noting the appearance of red spots when plaque of any type and color. They do not change the shade, but cause a burning sensation, especially when in contact with the surface. A similar symptom is characteristic of glossitis - an inflammatory process that has arisen after injury.
One can also say that the plaque can be classified by its consistency - wet, dry, oily or loose, and also by the degree of elimination: if it is easy to remove, worry early. But a layer that is poorly separated from the surface of the tongue often becomes a symptom of a chronic disease.
How to recognize the problem by shade of bloom?
The most common shade of bloom on the tongue is white. The reasons for its appearance are most prosaic, since it is a natural color, inherent even to a healthy person. But fluctuations in its thickness can be alerted: in particular, a very dense layer speaks of problems in the functioning of the intestines, frequent violations of the chair in the direction of obstructed excrement.
- If the zone of accumulation of bacteria is shifted to the back wall, it’s time to visit a gastroenterologist: here all organs of the gastrointestinal tract give signals, and the plaque can speak equally about starting gastritis or chronic intestinal ulcer, and the loose structure - about enterocolitis. Lateral areas of the tongue, lined with white, uncleaned mass, indicate a malfunctioning of the body’s “filters” - the kidneys.
- In infectious diseases white plaque densely covers the entire tongue, leaving no gaps. This condition is especially aggravated when the temperature rises, which additionally causes dehydration.
- A less dense, slippery, wet layer is a sign that there is an excess of mucus in the body, or the organs of the digestive tract (especially the gallbladder and ducts) do not cope with their task (weakened) and need to be sparing.
- If the layer is dry, while the tongue under it is too light, it is a sign of dehydration, supported by an infection in the stomach. The long-term use of antibiotics, which affected the intestines and caused dysbacteriosis, also contributes to this.
If we talk about less "natural" shades, then they already have a less wide range of prerequisites and allow you to more accurately diagnose the disease.
- Causes of yellow plaque on the tongue almost always become failures in the digestive tract, as well as the liver and bile ducts, which are accompanied by infection. The lighter the shade (closer to white), the less neglected the disease. In summer, the yellowish-white layer is a sign that the liver is hard to cope with its functions due to the temperature increase, so you need to unload it as much as possible. If a distinct yellowness is concentrated on the tip of the tongue and even begins to blush, this indicates hepatitis or an excess amount of bile. A fat, dense layer indicates the impossibility of processing food due to improper functioning of the gallbladder.
- As for the gray plaque on the tongue, chronic diseases are included in the exacerbation stage (the darker the worse the condition of the diseased organ). This is mainly dehydration during an infectious disease, gastroenteritis, problems of the rectum and stomach. Black patches on a language that is more terrible — an epidemic accompanied by fever (including cholera) or acidosis (high acidity of the blood) associated with dehydration will tell about the critical phase. Also not to mention Crohn's disease, in which there is an excess of melanin, resulting in black spots on the mucous membranes.
Less common variants are also possible - for example, a bluish or bluish tint inherent in typhus and dysentery, greenish, similar to mold, appears along with fungal infections, which are caused by antibiotics or steroids. Purple hue, especially leaving in the blackness, is characteristic of impaired blood circulation, up to the difficulty of its current. In adults, the brown plaque on the tongue is the same as the gray one - these are problems of the digestive tract, gall bladder, liver, and alcohol dependence.
Is it possible to get rid of the raid yourself?
You can only eliminate the natural morning bloom - brush, rinse the mouth. If everything is much more complicated, and the accumulation of bacteria indicates a disease of internal organs, cleaning the tongue will be useless. Visually, the picture will change, perhaps even the smell will disappear, but not for long, and the problem will not be solved. Therefore, your main task is to determine the prerequisites and, together with a specialist, find ways to eliminate them.
But in order that the natural whitish bloom does not disturb you and others, you should take care of basic hygiene.
- The simplest tool for cleaning the tongue is considered a classic toothbrush, but in some people it causes a gag reflex, especially when it comes to distant areas. Therefore, it can be replaced with a special plastic scraper, which is sold in large pharmacies. Or you can ask your dentist about it.
- Regardless of the instrument, the procedure should be carried out from the top down, this is best done in the morning, since the active effect on the tongue has a stimulating effect on the appetite. To make the process easier, try to breathe evenly through your nose.
Finally, you can use the rinse solution, or replace it with any antiseptic herbal extract: for example, based on oak bark or propolis.
Summing up, it is worth noting once again that a whitish loose patina that occurs in the morning and is not associated with an unpleasant smell or side sensations should not cause you concern - this is a natural accumulation of bacteria overnight in the mouth. But when the color or consistency of the covering layer changes, it is recommended to check the condition of the internal organs in order to prevent the problem at an early stage.