If there were stones in the gallstone that cannot be dissolved, then you will have to say goodbye to him. The doctor will colorfully tell about what the stone carrier can turn into. The only thing that surgeons hold back is that they insist on removing the gallbladder - the consequences. What troubles can wait for you after surgery?
Goodbye bubble! When is surgery necessary?
Any operation is a big stress for the body. The removal of any organ, even the affected one, does not add health to the person and has its consequences. Most often, you have to cut the gallstone due to the fact that it is stoned. Concrements do not allow him to work normally, the bubble is stretched and injured. Inflammation can capture the liver and pancreas, which are located nearby. If there are too many stones, they can pierce the bladder wall or get stuck in the bile duct. Therefore, doctors have no choice - the sick and inoperable organ has to be removed.
Life before and after: how does a person feel who has no gall?
One of the first questions that patients ask, if they are to have an operation to remove the gallbladder, is what the consequences of such an intervention are. "Will I live a normal life?" - this is what interests every cholecystectomy candidate. An unequivocal answer to this question is impossible, because it will entail both positive and negative consequences.
What are the advantages of surgery? Judge for yourself:
- the risk of cholecystitis attacks, which are accompanied by unbearable pain and other painful symptoms and happen, unfortunately, at the most inappropriate time and in the most inappropriate place will disappear;
- the focus of inflammation disappears. A sick organ will stop poisoning the body and harm the activities of others;
- you can not worry about the fact that the stone is stuck in the bile duct or burst through the gall wall, which is life threatening.
And now about the bad. Negative effects of gallbladder removal on the body:
- removal of an inflamed organ does not guarantee getting rid of pancreatic diseases (pancreatitis) or liver, but it can cause their exacerbation, since they will bear a double burden;
- 30% of patients undergoing surgery have postcholecystectomy syndrome - a malfunction of the digestive system;
- bile will enter the intestine in insufficient quantities - this contributes to the development of dysbacteriosis, since the bladder has bactericidal properties;
- distressed flatulence, constant aching pain in the abdomen;
- 20 people out of a hundred for a long time after they no longer have a gall, diarrhea suffers;
- biliary tract dysfunction may develop;
- in some cases, there is thrombosis in the vessels at the site of the operation;
- heart problems may occur;
- postoperative pneumonia;
Pregnancy without gall: what problems can you expect?
If a bile is removed to a woman who is still planning to have a baby, then she is concerned that the absence of this organ and a specific diet will not hurt the baby. No need to explain that pregnancy affects the functioning of the digestive organs. If a woman has undergone a cholecystectomy, it will be more difficult for the body to adapt to the restructuring that takes place after conception, since the absence of gall will change the composition of bile, the motility of the intestine and the stomach. In this regard, such problems are possible:
- severe and prolonged toxicosis;
- violation of food digestion;
- stool disorders;
- development of cholestasis.
However, cholecystectomy, despite such risks and consequences of gallbladder removal, is not a contraindication to pregnancy in women. The main thing is that such should not occur within two months after laparoscopy and six after abdominal surgery. This is due to the fact that the woman had to undergo general anesthesia, and the body needs to recover from the effects of anesthesia.
Pregnancy must be planned. Before you conceive a child, you should be examined by a gastroenterologist. The doctor will do an ultrasound of the abdominal organs, assess the condition of the liver and pancreas.
After surgical removal of the gallbladder, it is not necessary to resort to cesarean, a woman can give birth independently.
No delicacies! What can I eat after cholecystectomy?
Removal of the gallbladder has consequences in the form of the need for a strict diet. Psychologically, it is very difficult for a person to abandon his usual diet and switch to semi-liquid cereals, steam cakes and soups. It even causes depression.
The first 2.5 months after surgery is prescribed diet 5A. The patient is allowed to use products in a crushed form. You can eat:
- white bread croutons;
- protein steamed omelette;
- boiled vegetables (except cabbage and beans);
- baked apples, stewed fruit;
- boiled porridge;
- lean fish and meat - boiled, ground;
- dried fruits compote;
- vegetable soup on the water.
Sugar should be sharply limited.
Then go to a diet of 5. Calorie rises to 700-900 kcal. The menu is becoming more diverse, but not too tasty. Pearl barley and rice porridge, steam cheese cakes, low-fat cottage cheese and cheese, citrus fruits, vegetarian soups in secondary broth, meatballs, potato casserole, pasta with cheese, fruit mousses, juices, tea with lemon are added. Meals can be filled with butter, olive or sunflower oil.
It is forbidden to eat hot and cold dishes. Fried, spicy, fatty foods (in particular, fatty sausage), smoked meats (including lard), pork, pepper, horseradish, mushrooms, mustard, radish, mayonnaise, beans, coffee and chocolate are forever excluded. Alcohol and carbonated drinks fall under the strict life ban.
People without gall bladder should eat food up to 5 times a day, in small portions, regularly.
State of health after resection: what do patients tell?
To form an objective opinion, it is worth examining how people who have experienced the removal of the gall bladder and its consequences comment on their condition. Reviews are far from straightforward. Immediately draws attention to the age at which the resection was performed. The younger the patient, the better and faster his body adapts to new conditions. Young people point out that they have to follow a diet for a year, and then they slowly begin to eat, as before (but without fried and fatty), and no problems arise. Many even occasionally allow themselves a glass of wine or champagne.
Now let's see what the older patients say, who also suffered gallbladder removal. The consequences of them are more sad. There are problems with the pancreas, the stools are disturbed (constant diarrhea suffers), nausea often occurs, the liver aches a bit.
After the operation, all lose weight. Women suffer from the absence of sweet (especially chocolate) in the menu, men have a hard time without coffee and hot spices.
You will get worse or better after cholecystectomy - an individual question. And, although many people advise you to think a hundred times before you go to the surgeon’s table, there are situations when you cannot do without an operation. Better not start the disease. If surgery is inevitable, find a good surgeon, and after you do not have gall, follow a diet.