As soon as something out of the ordinary happens to the baby, the parents begin to worry - a sudden fever without a reason, tears in their eyes, a sneeze or after sleep the child has bruises under their eyes. What does this mean and can it signal an internal violation?
When should you worry?
According to Dr. Komarovsky, the causes of bruises under the eyes of a child cannot be immediately identified: the situational occurrence of this problem is not the impetus for active experiences. Until blood tests are performed and ultrasound diagnostics of the kidneys is performed, there is no point in talking about any diseases. The rest of the doctors agree with him: you don’t need to make a panic from scratch - first get tested, talk to the pediatrician, and only then think about how to fix the problem, if you need it.
- All the reasons leading to the appearance of bruises of different shades and intensities in a baby can be divided into 2 main categories: those that are generated by diseases and those that do not require treatment, but can be prevented by competent prevention.
Diseases, in turn, may have an innate nature, but “sleep” until a certain point, as a result of which bruises appear in a child who has reached the point of this “awakening”. Often this is what happens with birth injuries that do not manifest themselves for some time and give a false hope of calm.
If the disease is acquired, it is in most cases treatable, but therapy must be agreed with the doctor. And how serious it will be, no open source will say, because it is selected individually according to the results of surveys. And yet, to a greater degree bruises under the eyes of a child appear as a result of situational disorders or the anatomical features of the craniofacial zone.
A fairly common cause of bruises under the eyes of a child, which often comes from parents or older relatives, however, may occur after several generations, and even without such a prerequisite, only by the will of nature. What is the reason for this?
- If children's bruises have a pink or purple hue, this is most likely caused by very thin skin of the face, as well as the proximity of the vessels located. Often, this is accompanied by pronounced veins in the temples, as well as traced thin arteries. In such children, a heterogeneous complexion is possible - somewhere there is obvious redness, somewhere even blue, all because of the proximity of the vessels. In most cases, the skin will be very light, may even be sensitive.
- If children's bruises are given by grayness, they can also be generated by the proximity of the vessels, but the structure of the craniofacial zone also affects this effect: the depth of the eye cavities, the deformation of the nose bridge. Those. the area under the eyes is constantly in the shade, which aggravates the problem visually. Especially a lot of unpleasant hours and minutes this gives teenagers and young girls, because no cosmetic products do not have sufficient lightening ability, and to a certain extent the “bruise” will be noticeable, no matter how you disguise it.
In such a situation, there is no point in thinking about treatment, but it is worthwhile to pay attention to the problem, since any damage to the skin and blood vessels (ie, internal bleeding) is noticeable and takes on serious proportions.
This factor equally affects both children and adults: it is enough to spend several sleepless nights to make the face lose its freshness. The child, by virtue of its energy reserves, of course, the lack of sleep can be transferred more easily if it is not connected with active physical and mental activity, however, it also has a similar effect, contributing to the occurrence of shadows under the nose and eyes. However, during long interruptions in the sleep and rest regime, a similar visible reaction of the body is possible even from a slight lack of sleep: 2-3 weeks of disturbances, and the child will look very painful. In this case, the bruises accompany and general weakness, lethargy, even disruptions in immunity are possible.
- To eliminate the appearance of blue under the eyes for this reason, normalize the routine of the day of the baby. In children younger than 9 years old, the minimum duration of sleep should be 8-9 hours, or even all 10 hours. Some experts recommend adding daytime sleep, but the benefits of such a “division” of the day are not confirmed by all doctors. Some of them consider it redundant to have a day rest, even in kindergarten, especially if the child does not actually become tired. Therefore, of course, this factor must take into account the real needs of a particular organism.
- What can not be adjusted, so it is the need to stack and raise the baby at the same time. Optimal consider 21-22: 00 for going to sleep and 7-8: 00 for awakening, but the last limit for people of preschool age can move.
Why does a child have bruises under their eyes if they do not take into account sleep deficit? Sometimes they appear due to the lack of fresh air: the child must walk, at least 1.5-2 hours per day, in order to maintain the body's natural defenses, vascular condition, blood circulation and oxygen metabolism in the tissues. If there is no possibility to be on the street for a long time on weekdays, you should at least walk for 30-40 minutes before going to bed, and also get out into the countryside on weekends. It is advisable to carry out active games that will turn the walk into an exciting activity and contribute to the release of joy hormones.
- If we talk about sports sections, it is impossible not to note their dual influence on the children's body. Of course, this is a great way to strengthen blood vessels, improve the protective functions of the body and generally have a positive effect on endurance and flexibility, and simply prevent the child from meaninglessly staying in front of the TV or computer screen. However, as you know, "physical education treats, and sports cripple." Occupation, hours-long, daily, also increase the likelihood of a child’s general fatigue, taking all his time, which could be spent on a fun game with friends and a walk. They can lead to bruises under the eyes, but from complete exhaustion, which is an unkind "bell."
If the child likes such a workload, try to adjust the schedule a little to make time for rest. If the kid does not receive pleasure, it is better to remove these trainings - sometimes they become a burden even for an adult.
Failure of the internal organs
The topic is quite extensive, divided into several parts. And, unfortunately, quite relevant, especially today, when the high pace of life affects not only adults, but also children who are forced to follow unfavorable realities for the young organism.
- Disorders of the urinary system (mostly kidneys), most often caused by infectious diseases. Confirming the assumption can change the appearance and smell of urine: it becomes cloudy, acquires a sharp musky aroma, and in the process of feces pain is felt. Less complex situations are accompanied only by changes in the eye area - edema, bags.
- Disorders in the endocrine system. Bruises under the eyes can be a harbinger of diabetes, especially if constant and intense thirst, almost a feeling of dehydration, which does not disappear even after adjusting the water balance, appears with them. In parallel with this, there is an increase in the volume of feces - up to 4-5 liters per day. In girls, the problem can also be caused by malfunctions of the adrenal cortex, i.e. hormonal fluctuations.
- Violations of the heart and blood vessels. In children with cardiological abnormalities, dark circles under the eyes often become not a sign of the disease, but only evidence of a chronic / congenital malfunction. In addition to them, venous pathologies occur, accompanied by redness in the cheek area and on the nose, as well as poor blood flow through the capillaries.
- Disorders in the liver. They can be caused by malnutrition as well as viral cell damage. Frequent satellite of such diseases - yellowing of the face, dull whites of the eyes.
Also, one should not take into account the appearance of bruises under the eyes due to toxic lesions, to which the child is less resistant than an adult, infectious diseases, as a result of which the entire body is depleted, vitamin deficiency, anemia, vegetovascular disorders, injuries of the craniofacial zone and displacement of the cervical vertebrae, provoking circulatory disorders.
In conclusion, I would like to reiterate that suspecting all possible diseases, just seeing the shadows under the eyes of the baby, there is no point: if this is a one-time event, it is most likely caused by external factors. If bruises accompany a child throughout life, it is probably just a genetic predisposition. But if you are worried about this problem, which appeared as if out of nowhere, take a blood test and check the kidneys: this is enough for installing most of the possible diagnoses.