When the breast gland hurts once a month for 5-7 days, the reasons are well known and clear - the onset of menstruation. But if the mammary glands are in the inflamed state for a long time and the nature of the pain is not connected in any way with the differences of the sex hormones, you should consult a doctor.
When does your chest hurt?
By the nature of the origin of pain in the mammary gland are divided into two types:
- cyclical - occur in girls 5-7 days before the onset of the menstrual cycle;
- non-cyclic - appear and disappear regardless of the action of hormones, most often such pain is characteristic of women under the age of 50 years.
Cyclic pain is not considered a disease, does not pose a threat to the life and health of a woman, does not cause cancer. Unacceptable sensations in the chest occur with an enviable frequency - once a month during menstrual bleeding, and some women may feel the delights of approaching a cycle for about two weeks.
Such pain is caused by hormonal imbalances and is considered completely natural. By the way, not always an increase in the sensitivity of the mammary glands may indicate the onset of menstruation. Sometimes quite the opposite. If the mammary gland began to grow in size, the nipples have acquired a fuzzy halo, do a pregnancy test, perhaps you will find an addition to the family.
It is necessary to consult a doctor and find out the reasons if the mammary gland is swollen and hurts for a long time - longer than the menstrual cycle. Often, non-cyclical pain can cause armpits, ribs, shoulder blades, and lower back. The nature of the sensations is described by patients with such terms - burning, acute, irritable pain.
But there is also a third type of pain in the thoracic region - muscular, which simulates inflammation of the mammary glands. In fact, it is not the chest itself that hurts, but the muscles adjacent to it. The causes of this phenomenon may be:
- wearing close bra;
- severe stress and nervous tension;
- the use of caffeine in large quantities;
- weight gain;
- excessive physical activity.
Indirect causes of breast pain can also include taking certain medications, especially drugs that affect cholesterol levels in the blood.
You can get rid of this discomfort by conventional preventive measures:
- pick up underwear free or sporty cut;
- refuse coffee drinks and foods containing cocoa beans;
- rub primrose oil in the chest and take B vitamins;
- to refuse from bad habits.
On the recommendation of the doctor, you can try a breast massage with special anti-inflammatory creams and ointments, a contrast shower or compresses.
Breast tenderness, which is not typical for hormonal imbalance, often indicates anatomical changes in the mammary glands and is not always of a favorable nature. Regular aching, burning, or spasmodic pains can signal the development of pathologies. Consider them.
Small lumps in the breast that are not interconnected by tissue are called cysts in medicine — benign tumors. The small size of the balls can not be determined independently, even with careful chest probing, and, in principle, they do not require any treatment.
But the large size of the formation, filled with turbid fluid, can be obvious reasons why the right or left breast gland hurts. In this case, the pain is localized in the half of the mammary glands, where the tumor itself is located.
The same signs belong to the category of benign breast tumors, but unlike cysts, they have a clear encapsulated form and outlined contours. And although in a normal state, such bumps rarely cause soreness of the gland, under the influence of certain factors, they can cause discomfort. In such situations, doctors may recommend prompt removal of growths.
Impaired permeability of the nerve fibers in the chest can also cause acute intense attacks of pain. A distinctive feature of neuralgia from other diseases is the increased nature of pain during movement, walking and when raising hands.
If there is an increase in the mammary gland and pain, there are reddening of the skin, the causes should be sought in its inflammation. Mastitis is an infectious disease that is common for women during lactation. Bacteria and harmful microbes enter the body through microscopic cracks in the nipples, and this causes pain syndrome.
Especially strong pain in the chest give papillomas - benign formations in the milk ducts. They block the normal flow of blood and breast milk and can lead to inflammatory processes and the formation of an abscess. No one is immune from such tumors, and the age of the disease varies from the onset of puberty to the onset of postmenopausal women.
As a result of blockage of the milk duct from the nipples of a woman with pressure, yellow, brown or grayish liquid may be released. Alas, but the problem can be solved only by surgical methods.
In any case, when a pain in the chest is uncharacteristic for menstruation, the woman should first see a doctor. To engage in self-diagnosis and even more so to take any drugs without the appointment of a specialist is fraught with serious consequences. It is recommended as a prophylaxis to undergo a full medical examination at least once a year and be sure to visit a gynecologist and a mammologist.