Chickpeas - Eastern "resident", its age is several thousand years. It is known that he was part of the dishes that were used by the Egyptian pharaohs. And physicians already at that time knew well what the chickpeas are good for, and described its healing qualities in their treatises.
How to find out what we have before us, variations of the name
The shape of the overseas bean is round, the size of one pea is 0.5-1.5 cm in diameter. The seeds are rough to the touch, and the color of the peas can be a rich yellow or dark color.
Chickpeas seem familiar to many, its "appearance" is similar to ordinary peas, but has its own characteristics. Who is this mysterious stranger from the legume family? He has many names: shish, bubble, nahat. But most often it is called Turkish (or lamb) peas.
How many calories in dishes from lamb peas?
To assess the nutritional value of the peas, it is enough to get acquainted with its composition. 100 g of the product contains up to 9.8 g of proteins, fats - 1.9 g. Beans are characterized by a large amount of carbohydrates - at least 18.3 g. If boiled chickpeas, the caloric content of a portion of 100 g will be 128.8 kcal.
Some varieties of chickpeas are particularly rich in protein (up to 30 g per 100 g of product). This composition makes this vegetable product a great low-calorie alternative to meat.
Nahat also contains another component that is very useful for the human body - calcium, as well as a lot of minerals (from 2 to 5%) and vitamins A, C, B1, B2, B3, B6, PP.
Useful properties of chickpea
Is chickpea really that useful and who should include it in your diet? According to doctors, overseas bean is an excellent means by which you can naturally cleanse the body and improve health. So what are the characteristics of chickpeas? Useful properties of the bubble:
- prevents the development of obesity;
- helps the body to withstand colds and flu;
- helps reduce blood cholesterol levels;
- serves as a means of preventing the development of such a dangerous disease as cataracts;
- increases hemoglobin (so pregnant women and lactating mothers should definitely eat chickpea dishes).
And that's not all! Peas from Turkey is known for being able to be used in the fight against dental problems. Peas can soothe an attack of arrhythmia and protect against the onset of heart disease.
Chickpeas plays the role of a useful additive to medical products in the treatment of diseases of the liver and spleen. Eating lamb peas will help to normalize the work of the intestines and make you forget about constipation. Those who suffer from depression and want to improve brain function will also benefit from chickpeas. The beneficial properties of these beans will also be appreciated by the fair sex if they regularly consume this exotic vegetable: chickpeas help keep youth young for a long time.
Before you replenish your menu with a culinary novelty, delivered from the East, you need to learn not only about the benefits of chickens, but also about what harm this product can cause. Cons consuming yellow beans:
- increased gas formation in the intestines;
- gastric spasm. It can occur if you wash down the chickpea dish with water;
- allergic reaction. Like any products, chickpeas may not be suitable for some people in composition and properties.
Chickpeas do not fit well with fruits containing pectin. The simultaneous use of such products can cause discomfort in the stomach.
And finally, those who suffer from thrombophlebitis, cystitis, bladder ulcer, gout and inflammation of the digestive tract, it is better to refrain from the use of this product.
What do nutritionists say?
Chickpeas can be used as a component of diets for various purposes. Since it contains iron, it is suitable for the diet of pregnant women. The ability of lamb peas to reduce the calorie content of dishes, without depriving them of their nutritional value, is actively used to lose weight.
Peas from the fields of Turkey replenishes the diet for those who are forced to control sugar levels. He gradually fills the body with energy, without the risk of increasing the sugar content. Chickpeas are also included in the diet shown for skin diseases.
Recipes of original chickpea dishes
Boiled chickpea salad with tomatoes
Do not forget that the chickpeas are not only healthy, but also tasty. Prepare it differently. For example, in just 10 minutes you can cook an unusually tasty dish - a salad of boiled chickpeas with the addition of tomatoes. For such a culinary masterpiece you will need:
- 200 g boiled chickpeas;
- 3 tomatoes;
- 1 onion;
- 2 eggs.
- Boiled chickpeas mixed with tomatoes, cut into small cubes.
- Add chopped onions.
- Boil eggs, cut and put to the rest of the ingredients.
- Prepare salad dressing of 2 tbsp. l olive oil, 1 tbsp. l wine vinegar and some salt.
- Decorate the dish with greens.
If you are not afraid to experiment in the kitchen, try to prepare a more complex dish, which includes chickpeas. The recipes of delicious shisha pies can be borrowed from Arabic cuisine. Here is one of them.
- chickpeas - 450 g;
- garlic, herbs, spices, lemon juice - to taste.
- Soak chickpeas in cold water and leave for 12 hours.
- Fill the peas with a new portion of water and cook for at least 2 hours, removing the foam with a spoon.
- When chickpea is ready, drain the water, sprinkle the peas with lemon juice.
- Add chopped garlic (to taste), herbs, spices; generously salt.
- All ingredients stir and then grind in a blender.
In order for the paste to acquire a specific taste, try to find a sesame seed paste, tahini, in the store. If you could not get such a component, you can make the paste yourself using walnuts: they are fried and whipped with olive oil. Tahini should be added to the pate and grind everything to a full mass.
Rules for the selection and storage of chickpeas
High-quality chickpeas are whole, dry, smooth peas, on which there are no spots or mechanical damage. For storage of beans most suitable bag of natural linen. To preserve the nahat for a long time, he should take a dry, dark, well-ventilated place, where there are no sharp odors.
Chickpeas managed to win the hearts of many lovers of refined tastes and fans of healthy eating. It gives amazing taste sensations and benefits health.