Often, a fungal infection of the nail does not make itself felt for a long period of time. For these reasons, the treatment of this disease causes certain difficulties. But at the same time, to notice the symptoms of the development of the fungus is quite simple, the most important thing is to know what exactly to notice.
The first signs of a nail and foot fungus are excessive dryness of the nail, its fragility, change in structure and color, the appearance of peeling and cracks in the foot. Most often, the fungus develops on the toes, and the lesion begins with the thumb.
Sooner or later the question arises about the treatment of the disease, and the drugs of choice are the means that have a disinfecting effect, help to suppress the growth of most fungi that are the causative agents of the lesion. One of these drugs is terbinafine.
Terbinafin: instructions for use
To date, there are more than 500 species of fungi that are pathogens. There are broad-spectrum antibiotics, which is why, focusing on such an example, the question arose of creating an antifungal drug of a new generation that will be active against most pathogens.
Terbinafine is a derivative of allylamine and belongs to a broad-spectrum antifungal agent. Tebinafine is active in relation to the following types of fungus - athlete, trichophytosis, microsporia, candidiasis, rubiditis, mold mycoses and versicolor versicolor.
This coverage of indications makes the drug effective for all types of mycosis of the skin, nails, hair. Tablets forms of drugs are used as part of systemic therapy.
The basis of the therapeutic effects of terbinafine is the destruction of the enzyme, which is necessary for the construction of a fungal membrane, and the drug also destroys the membrane itself. According to studies, the therapeutic effect occurs in 90% of cases of onychomycosis.
The indication for the use of the drug is a fungal infection of the body, mainly it is a fungal infection of the nails. Contraindications to use include pregnancy, breastfeeding, age up to 3 years, body weight less than 20 kg, individual intolerance to the drug, cancer, metabolic disorders, chronic kidney and liver diseases in the elderly. The drug can not be combined with alcohol intake. In addition, terbinafine is not recommended for use simultaneously with the intake of antidepressants, oral contraceptives (we are talking about oral use).
The duration of the course of treatment will depend on the extent and area of the lesion, in addition to the duration of the process. Terbinafin is available in the following forms: ointment and cream for external use, tablets in various dosages, which in the complex therapy have a good therapeutic effect. There is also a spray that is used topically for nails.
The duration of the course of tablets and local forms is calculated individually, the dosage is prescribed exclusively by the doctor. Treatment of skin lesions takes about a month, with lesions of nail platinum 3 - 4 months. After reaching a therapeutic effect, the tablets can be stopped, and local medications should be used for a couple of weeks. This condition must be observed to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
Terbinafin: reviews of ointments and pills
The most popular are the tablet form of the drug and ointment. Accordingly, it is necessary to analyze the reviews of these dosage forms.
To date, the ointment has a good reputation and the majority of positive reviews, because in most cases the cure for the fungus is achieved within a short period of time. But there will always be patients dissatisfied with the drug, which the drug did not help.
This can happen for several reasons. The most frequent is a violation of the rules for using ointment, for example, admission omissions. A second, no less common, lack of basic rules of hygiene. In general, reviews of this drug in the treatment of fungal nail infections are always positive, because the effect of treatment for surface mycoses occurs in just a couple of days. The popularity among patients and doctors is quite high.
It is worth noting that when using the tablet form of the drug, there are practically no cases of side effects, with the only exception of individual intolerance. Redness of the affected area and itching after use is not an indication for its cancellation.
It is important to note that any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. For these reasons, precautions and basic hygiene rules should be followed. However, if a fungal infection has occurred, it is necessary to notice the symptoms as early as possible. In this case, the treatment will pass quickly and will not entail any serious consequences.