Symptoms of thyroid disease

The thyroid gland is an endocrine organ that produces hormones and is located in front of the neck. This gland is involved in the regulation of the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, as well as in the normal functioning of the digestive and reproductive systems.

For many years, doctors have been tormented by the question: why does a person have problems with the gland? Thyroid disease development factors are many, These include the genetic factor. It has been proven that the main factors influencing the development of diseases are iodine deficiency, stress, infections, heredity.

The main signs of thyroid disease

  • With diseases of the thyroid gland there is a sharp loss of weight, sweating, heart palpitations, weakness, chilliness, a decrease in temperature, irritability, swelling of the face, hair breakage, violation of the stool and menstrual cycle.
  • When hormones are deficient in the body, the metabolism slows down, weight increases, hair loss occurs, blood pressure rises. Such symptoms are characteristic of the so-called Hypothyroidism disease. Women usually suffer from this disease, and in the initial stages it is difficult to recognize.

  • Diseases of the thyroid gland can cause female infertility. Therefore, before pregnancy, a woman needs to undergo a full medical examination. Also, women who have had the thyroid during pregnancy may have problems with the fetus in the area of ​​the nervous system. The patient may experience various tumors.
  • Iodine is the most important component for the normal functioning of the thyroid gland. Against the background of iodine deficiency, a phenomenon such as a goiter of the thyroid gland (an increase) can occur, it can be associated with a person’s puberty or pregnancy.
  • When the gland increases in size, it begins to squeeze the adjacent trachea, esophagus and nerves. Dyspnea begins to develop, which increases with eating, casting of the head, hoarseness of the voice is observed, pains occur in the larynx, as the inflammatory process in the organ begins or hemorrhage into the gland node.
  • Swollen lymph nodes are quite common in inflammatory processes, but these inflammations can turn out to be metastasis of a malignant nature in the thyroid gland. All patients who have such tumors, pain is absent. For a long time, the patient feels completely healthy and does not realize that he is actually sick.

How to determine the symptoms of thyroid disease?

  • To make it easier to determine some signs of thyroid disease, prepare the scales and a stopwatch. Frequent pulse, which can be determined using a stopwatch, heart attacks, which are not associated with strong physical exertion, also belong to the disease of hyperthyroidism. Signs of this disease are also rare and slow pulse, appeared shortness of breath.
  • Use scales to keep track of weight: Both a sharp increase and a decrease in body weight are very often associated with diseases of the thyroid gland. In addition, diseases of the thyroid gland directly affect the emotional background. In most cases, a decrease in thyroid function causes emotional instability. There is excessive irritability, tearfulness, anger, insomnia. Quite often, such manifestations have nothing to do with bad temper or a life filled with stress.
  • Changes in the normal functioning of the thyroid gland will immediately affect the condition of the skin, nails and hair. Pallor, excessive dryness and swelling of the skin may indicate a reduced performance of the thyroid gland. Velvety, soft and moist skin are signs of high hormone levels.
  • Split hair, brittleness and tuberosity of the nails are also among the signs of thyroid disease.
  • It is apathy, emotional lethargy, lethargy, reduced vitality are among the most obvious signs of thyroid disease. Liquid stools are more often 6 r. on the day or vice versa, prolonged constipation can be signs of hormonal disturbances, and not problems with the work of the digestive tract.

The thyroid gland is one of the most important organs in the human body.. She is responsible for performing endocrine functions. The hormones that it controls affect the work of the heart and blood vessels, metabolism, weight, intelligence and growth of the growing body, the emotional background, especially the female.

Determining the size of the thyroid gland by touch or by eye is not always possible.Once a year, be sure to undergo ultrasound of the thyroid gland. In addition to ultrasound, useful information about your health can be obtained by making special blood tests to determine the level of hormones. Diagnosis of diseases of the thyroid gland always occurs with a visit to an endocrinologist, a blood test and gland hormones.

Especially for Alenka, Julia

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