Symptoms of thyroid disease in women and treatment methods

The thyroid gland is the largest organ of the endocrine system. It is she who is responsible for the production of a number of hormones, the full course of metabolic and energy processes. Representatives of the weaker sex more often suffer from thyroid abnormalities than men. What are the symptoms of thyroid disease in women? This is what we have to find out today.

"Soaring butterfly": the importance of the thyroid gland

symptoms of thyroid disease in women

The thyroid is an organ consisting of two lobes, which are interconnected by a so-called isthmus. In everyday life, this body is often called the butterfly, because its anatomical structure resembles this insect. The thyroid gland performs a number of very important functions, in particular, the production of hormones and the regulation of metabolic processes. Malfunctions in her work can trigger the development of serious pathologies.

One of these consequences is considered to be a sharp set or loss of weight category, as well as the loss of the ability to bear a fetus or conceive. Diseases of the thyroid gland can be very different. Symptoms in women and the treatment of diseases depend exclusively on the factors that provoked the development of the pathology, and its type.

Thus, the following factors are considered to be provoking the appearance of thyroid disease:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • endocrine system diseases;
  • poor environmental conditions;
  • bad habits;
  • stresses, etc.

Often it is stressful situations that become the culprits of the development of thyroid ailments. Women are more emotional than the opposite sex, so the percentage of morbidity among them is much higher.

Today, specialized doctors note that two pathologies of the thyroid gland associated with a deficiency or excess of hormones are most common. Such illnesses are hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. In addition to these pathologies, in medical practice there are other diseases, in particular:

  • basedovoy disease;
  • adenoma;
  • goiter;
  • subacute thyroiditis;
  • crayfish;
  • thyroiditis autoimmune character.

Are thyroid nodes dangerous?

symptoms of thyroid disease in women are determined

As already mentioned, the symptoms of thyroid disease in women are determined depending on the type of pathology. Statistics says that approximately 50% of thyroid ailments occur in the formation of nodes. Such a neoplasm has a benign nature. As medical practice shows, the nodes do not develop into oncological tumors.

A woman will be able to independently observe this pathology, since the thyroid gland will increase in size. This is due to the fact that the nodes grow on the connective tissues of the thyroid gland. The reasons for the occurrence of this disease is considered to be:

  • iodine deficiency;
  • intoxication of the body, which is systematic;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • X-ray exposure
  • exposure to radioactive substances.

At the initial stage, it is almost impossible to recognize this ailment. Symptoms begin to appear after a few months. The following signs will indicate the appearance of nodes on the thyroid gland:

  • pathological fatigue;
  • constant drowsiness;
  • hair breakage;
  • psycho-emotional disorders;
  • violation of digestion;
  • change in weight category;
  • pain in the muscle tissue;
  • feeling cold or hot flashes;
  • dyspnea;
  • difficulty swallowing food;
  • appearance on the skin of the vascular grids.

The prognosis for treating nodules formed in the thyroid gland is always favorable. If a benign neoplasm does not cause pain or discomfort, then the profile doctor will be limited to only therapeutic treatments. Throughout the entire course of treatment, systematic observation by an endocrinologist is required.

If there are special indications, a specialist may prescribe a treatment with a hormonal drug - thyroxin. As a rule, the nodes dissolve and eventually disappear without a trace. In rare cases, surgery may be required, especially if cancer cells are suspected. During the entire rehabilitation course, a woman undergoes hormone replacement therapy.

Symptoms of thyroid adenoma: recognize the disease at the initial stage

Symptoms of thyroid adenoma

Specialized doctors specializing in the field of endocrinology, argue that such a disease as thyroid adenoma in women is presented in the form of a tumor (node, goiter). Adenoma can have a different shape. The number of nodes may also vary. If there are several seals in the thyroid, a multinodular goiter is diagnosed.

As a rule, this neoplasm is benign. A long time ailment may not manifest. As medical practice shows, adenoma of the thyroid gland is detected mainly during the examination. If the adenoma has reached a large size, then it can be seen even by visual inspection. In such cases, patients have deformed neck, impaired respiratory process and blood circulation.

Symptoms of thyroid adenoma should include the following symptoms:

  • excessive sweating, even in the absence of physical exertion;
  • intolerance to elevated temperatures;
  • rapid heartbeat;
  • a sharp decrease in weight category;
  • pathological fatigue;
  • irritability.

The treatment of such a disease can be carried out in two ways:

  • pharmacological agents;
  • surgery.

Tactics of treatment is selected in accordance with the degree of development of the disease. If the adenoma is small, then apply conservative therapy. When a threat to life and health and the growth of nodes appears, they are removed. If the endocrinologist suspects the development of oncological processes, then the thyroid gland is removed completely. Despite the fact that after the removal of this organ, a woman will have to take pharmacological hormone preparations throughout her life, the outcome of treatment is always favorable.

Dysfunction of the thyroid gland: what is the danger?

Thyroid gland malfunction

Malfunctions of the thyroid gland are inextricably linked with the production of hormones. Endocrinologists say that in their practice diseases such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are often found. Such a diagnosis is made in cases where the functioning of the thyroid is reduced or, conversely, is overestimated.

In hypothyroidism, the human body does not receive the required amount of hormones, resulting in the following symptoms:

  • hypersensitivity to temperature difference thresholds;
  • inability to concentrate attention;
  • lethargy and pathological fatigue;
  • sharp, swift and unreasonable weight gain;
  • violation of the menstruation cycle.

At the initial stage, many of the weaker sex do not pay attention to the symptoms manifested. Treatment must begin in a timely manner, otherwise hypothyroidism may be a prerequisite for the development of complicated pathologies and serious illnesses, including infertility or falling into a state of coma.

As for hyperthyroidism, in its clinical picture this ailment is opposite to hypothyroidism. In this case, doctors diagnose an increase in the functionality of the thyroid gland and, as a result, excessive hormone production. It is impossible to provide an exhaustive list of the reasons for the increased hormonal secretion. This can serve as pregnancy, menopausal pause, trauma, past disease, having a viral or infectious nature, etc.

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism should include:

  • excessive sweating;
  • moist skin;
  • irritability;
  • violation of psycho-emotional state;
  • severe weight loss;
  • constant thirst;
  • intolerance to elevated temperatures;
  • disorder of visual function, including puffiness, lacrimation.

In addition to drug treatment of hyperthyroidism, the patient must adhere to the diet. Vegetable and protein foods are welcome. Caffeine and fats are banned. As practice shows, the individual diet is developed by the profile doctor.

Thyroid cancer is not a sentence

Although the prognosis for treatment of malignant tumors is unfavorable in most cases, thyroid cancer can be successfully treated. This disease can be recognized at the initial stage and immediately begin treatment.

With the appearance of a malignant tumor of any patient, obvious lumps on the anterior wall of the neck should be alerted. But you should not immediately frighten yourself and paint awesome pictures in your imagination. According to statistics, only 5% of tumors arising in the thyroid gland are malignant.

Symptoms of thyroid cancer are the following signs:

  • change in timbre, hoarseness;
  • paroxysmal cough, not associated with a cold or viral illness;
  • pain in the neck;
  • dyspnea;
  • heart rhythm disorder.

The thyroid gland is a very important organ in the human body. When a disease is detected in 95% of cases, the outcome of treatment is always positive. Even after removal of the thyroid, a person will be able to fully live and develop. Do not ignore the signals of your body. Any uncharacteristic symptoms should alert you and encourage you to visit a doctor. Be healthy!

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