The digestive process is the coordinated work of many organs and systems. It is necessary in one place to start failures, as soon as the whole system of the body comes to an unstable state. This is expressed both in single painful cramps and in serious diseases. One of the most important digestive organs is the pancreas. Today we look at the signs of pancreatitis in women.
Common symptoms of pancreatitis in women
The pancreas stimulates the two most essential for the vital activity of the process - digestion and glycemic balance, in other words, control over blood sugar content. To stimulate the body to absorb food, iron produces pancreatic juice, which provides a digestive process. As for glycemia, this is the work of insulin and glucagon - hormones that are synthesized by the pancreas and regulate energy resources, preventing the development of diabetes.
Now imagine what will happen if the pancreas stops working. This happens when its inflammation occurs. Doctors call this pathology pancreatitis. There are two forms of this disease:
- acute stage - flows quickly and violently with severe pain;
- chronic stage - a long sluggish process, which is characterized by periods of exacerbation.
The onset of the disease occurs against the background of an increase in pressure in the ducts that expel pancreatic juice. This condition is triggered by the release of stones through the bile ducts or other causes leading to a narrowing (blockage) of the lumen in them. Pancreatic juice, unable to enter the intestine, begins to accumulate in the gland. Under the action of its active enzymes, the pancreatic tissues begin to break down, as a result of which the inflammatory process of the acute form is formed.
In the chronic variant of the disease, scarring of the living tissues of the pancreas occurs and their gradual replacement. As a result, the synthesis of hormones, as well as the production of digestive enzymes, practically stops. The disease is, frankly, very serious, often ending in death. We list the main signs of pancreatitis, the symptoms and where it hurts:
- temperature rise from subfebrile to very high;
- acute pain in the pit of the stomach;
- bouts of nausea and vomiting;
- sensitization of nerve endings on the abdomen.
Pancreatitis in women develops most often as a result of cholelithiasis, less often due to alcohol abuse.
Symptoms of the acute form of the disease
The acute form is characterized by a sudden inflammation of the pancreas. It can be determined by the following symptoms:
- Severe numb pain in the solar plexus, but it can start from the bottom. It often has a shingles piercing character. An acute onset with intense development is inherent in the acute phase. The duration of this condition can last for several days, and the pain syndrome is not susceptible to the effects of painkillers.
- The pains are accompanied by nausea and vomiting, which cause dehydration.
- Sometimes there is an increase in pulse rate - 100-140 beats per minute, frequent and shallow breathing.
- The temperature in a few hours from the onset of the acute stage rises to 39 degrees.
- The pressure drops, leading to dizziness and fainting. In severe pancreatitis, a shock occurs, requiring immediate hospitalization.
- Every fifth patient suffers from a violation of intestinal peristalsis, and increased in size iron pushes the stomach up, as a result of which abdominal distention occurs and ascites can develop when fluid is collected in the abdominal cavity.
How does chronic pancreatitis manifest itself?
Inflammation of the pancreas may become chronic as a result of a prolonged acute form of the disease or develop against the background of sluggish diseases of the digestive organs — cholecystitis, gastritis, and the like. Chronic form can also be provoked by an unhealthy diet with protein deficiency and a small amount of vitamins, regular consumption of alcohol, and acute and fatty foods.
The disease is protracted with symptoms such as:
- diarrhea, weight loss;
- instability of sewage, when the appearance of feces acquires a mushy or liquid form;
- loss of appetite;
- flatulence, rumbling in the abdomen, characteristic belching;
- dry skin, weak hair and brittle nails;
- development of diabetes.
There is a constant or cramping pain in the epigastrium, which can be given in the back or the heart, masquerading as angina. Depending on the degree of damage to the pancreas, pain may be localized in the left or right hypochondrium. There is an increase in pain after eating after a few hours, and after drinking alcohol - after a few days.
Signs of exacerbation of pancreatitis
During periods of exacerbation of sluggish chronic pancreatitis, the following symptoms are added to the symptoms described above:
- intense abdominal pain spasms, sometimes turning into a feeling of strong hunger;
- profuse salivation or dry mouth;
- the rejection of food, the use of which causes acute pain, which leads to sustained weight loss.
The diagnosis of pancreatitis is not a sentence. It is very important to maintain an optimistic mood in life, to give up bad habits, to take as a rule a healthy lifestyle, and the disease will definitely recede. Be healthy!