What are the symptoms of gastritis in women? How to recognize the cause of the disease, and what are its consequences? And how to get rid of this scourge? To reveal the answers to these questions and to know the essence of the problem will help you our material.
Acute problems: types of gastritis
Inflammation of the inner lining of the stomach, causing a sharp pain syndrome and acid reflux - this is how to characterize gastritis. Depending on the cause, the severity of the disease, the presence of complications and the type, gastritis can be cured in hundreds of different ways.
According to how the disease progresses, whether there have been relapses before, and under what conditions a seizure occurred, there are two forms of gastritis - acute and chronic. In the first case, it is meant that the pain syndrome with all the consequences appeared in a person for the first time. But if the symptoms have already manifested themselves earlier, we can safely say that the disease has become chronic.
In general, doctors believe that a number of both external and internal factors can cause acute pain in the stomach. Scientists went further, systematized all the causes and received as a result of three forms of the disease.
Simple superficial gastritis (catarrhal) develops as a result of malnutrition or after eating fatty, spicy, smoked products and hot or too cold foods.
Its main symptoms in women and men are:
- loss of appetite;
- feeling of bloating and heaviness in the pancreas;
- sour taste in the mouth;
- desire for vomiting, nausea;
- acid burp.
Also, the patient may develop diarrhea, flatulence and cramps in the abdomen.
Erosive gastritis is caused by a sharp increase in the number of bacteria of the genus Helicobacter pylori. Physicians often take some medications, constant stress and fatigue, as provoking factors.
The clinical picture in women and men is based on symptoms such as:
- bouts of vomiting;
- nausea and lethargy;
- pancreatic pain;
- metallic taste;
- internal bleeding in the stomach.
If multiple erosions are identified on the inner lining of the stomach as a result of probing, emergency medical care is provided to the patient in the hospital.
Corrosive type gastritis
Corrosive gastritis is a consequence of poisoning the body with poisons, alkalis, chemicals, for example, in the case of suicide or careless handling of these substances.
The victim immediately feels such symptoms:
- severe burning with acute pain throughout the digestive tract;
- the urge to vomit, often with blood;
- painful headaches;
- general weakness of the body.
The number of symptoms depends on the degree of mucosal lesions, as well as on the residence time of the poisons in the victim's body. Fortunately, this type of gastritis is extremely rare.-
Treatment or torment?
As the main course of treatment for the first attacks, doctors most often choose the tactics of eliminating the cause and stopping complications. So, treatment and removal of symptoms of superficial gastritis is as follows:
- In the first place, the patient is given a gastric lavage and is forced to induce vomiting.
- In cases of mild poisoning, absorbent drugs are prescribed, such as activated carbon.
- Then the victim is placed in bed and provide him with complete peace.
- Subsequently, the patient is assigned a special diet for some time.
Of the medications, preference is given to anesthetic, enveloping and antacid agents. If necessary, the doctor may prescribe a course of antibiotics.
Acute gastritis with erosion is treated in the hospital. First of all, the doctor must stop internal bleeding. Further treatment is selected based on the underlying cause that caused the occurrence of pathology.
Corrosive gastritis is also treated only in the hospital. The initial task of a gastroenterologist is to clear the stomach of toxins and help the body remove them. In the first days after poisoning with poisons, glucose is injected intravenously into the patient with the addition of saline. And acute attacks of pain are removed with the help of strong narcotic medications. In severe cases of poisoning, surgery may be necessary.
Old wounds make themselves felt
Every second person suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, one way or another, inherits a chronic form of gastritis, resulting from constant inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Among the common causes most often distinguish the following:
- the neglect of the diet, the presence in the menu provocateurs and food in a hurry;
- frequent use of tobacco and alcohol;
- consequences of untreated acute gastritis;
- metabolic disorders;
- infectious diseases.
Treatment of exacerbation of chronic gastritis depends largely on the preceding symptoms. Initially, doctors are trying to establish the correct diet. So, in the presence of low acidity of the stomach in the menu it is recommended to include:
- meat broths with the addition of grated vegetables;
- first dishes based on boiled vegetables;
- any tea and coffee in moderation;
- poultry and fish cutlets.
With increased acidity of the stomach, the patient should eat:
- steamed dishes;
- boiled meat and fish;
- first uncooked dishes.
All forms of spices, smoking, spicy dishes, snacks and preservation are strictly forbidden for both forms.
It is very important to ensure that the symptoms of gastritis do not develop into signs of a stomach ulcer. For this, in addition to a healthy diet, you will have to completely give up smoking, limit alcohol consumption, identify and cure the cause that led to the exacerbation of chronic gastritis.
As a complex therapy, the doctor may prescribe drugs that help level the acidity of the stomach, vitamin complexes and painkillers. But first of all, everyone should remember that our health is completely in our hands. Therefore, do not provoke your stomach to rebellion. Eat right, try to protect yourself from stress and strong emotional overload, go in for sports - and everything will be fine.