The number of adults (mostly people over 17 years old) who have chicken pox is 10 percent of the total number of people with ill health. Because of the widespread prevalence of the pathogen, chickenpox is usually perepalivat even at preschool age. After the disease is completely gone, lifelong immunity is developed to it, re-infection can occur only after undergoing a course of chemotherapy, hormone therapy, organ transplantation and in other cases when our immunity is weakened.
In cases where the body is subject to prolonged stress, or in the period of exacerbation of chronic diseases, chicken pox manifests itself in the form of herpes.
What are the symptoms of chickenpox in adults?
Chickenpox in people over 18 is usually accompanied by rather severe symptoms. Chickenpox proceeds more difficult if the sick person has exacerbations of chronic diseases, or if his immune system is weakened. The incubation period, which begins after contact with the pathogen, lasts an average of 10 to 20 days.
After the infection begins to spread in the body, 1.5 days before the first manifestations on the skin in the form of rashes, initial symptoms of chickenpox: general weakness of the body, high fever, headache, aches, in more rare cases: nausea, vomiting, cramps.
The period of rash on the skin can last from five to ten days, with repeated repeated pouring. Body temperature rises to 39-40 degrees, symptoms of poisoning appear. When redness is revealed, small ulcers are often found, after healing of which there are scars on the body. Chickenpox in adults produces more serious complications than chickenpox in children.
Complications of varicella in adults
Complications after chickenpox in adults are often associated with the defeat of the internal organs by the virus and impaired endocrine and immune systems.
The most frequent complicationsafter chickenpox are:
- Disruption of the respiratory organs: tracheitis, laryngitis, various types of pneumonia.
- Liver damage: abscesses, nephritis, hepatitis.
- Damage to the nervous system. As a result, meningitis, cysts in the brain, paralysis, encephalitis can develop.
- The defeat of the musculoskeletal system.
- Disruption of the cardiovascular system.
Also, complications after chickenpox in adults often manifest themselves in impaired coordination of movements, in the development of chronic pathologies of the kidneys and liver.
Infected with chickenpox is not so difficult, so all children and all adults who are not ill with it must be vaccinated with an attenuated vaccine.. Special attention to vaccination against chickenpox should be paid to women who are of childbearing age, as well as other adults who have any chronic illness.
No studies should be performed before vaccination, as well as to pass various tests. Vaccination against chicken pox is prohibited for those who suffer from severe chronic diseases or diseases of moderate severity, pregnant women, as well as children who receive salicylate.
Despite the fact that the vaccine has the properties to cause chickenpox symptoms in healthy people, the disease usually proceeds easily and in the shortest possible time.
After the varicella-zoster virus has come into contact with the body, the disease itself can be prevented or significantly reduced by injecting immunoglobulin intramuscularly. This kind of prevention is necessary for patients with leukemia, immunodeficiencies in vulnerable patients, as well as in unvaccinated pregnant women, newborn babies, whose mothers were exposed to chickenpox a week before and within 2-3 days after delivery.
Immunoglobulin must be administered intramuscularly for 4 days after contact with the virus. After contact, vaccination can prevent or weaken chickenpox if it is applied within 3-5 days after contact. Vaccination of the patient should be carried out as quickly as possible, because it is much easier to cope with the virus, until it reaches its apogee. People who do not have immunity to the varicella-zoster virus should avoid contact with those infected.