Cheek swelling is an alarming symptom. It can appear due to both minor disorders in the body and serious diseases. Most often, such unpleasant consequences occur during toothache or after tooth extraction, but there may be other causes.
If your cheek is swollen, what should be done first?
A small swelling or puffiness in the cheek area can be caused by excessive amounts of water drunk at night, or abuse of salty or spicy foods. Because of this symptom panic is not worth it - it will disappear by itself.
If the tumor is accompanied by fever and feeling unwell (nausea, dizziness and weakness), you should immediately consult a doctor - these may be signs of an infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract.
The cheek may become swollen due to insect bites, in which case a specialist should be sent as the tumor grows and the state of health worsens, as the bite can cause a severe allergic reaction and cause serious consequences for a long time.
But swelling of the face is most often caused by inflammation of the gums, cyst, caries, or is the result of tooth extraction. In this case, you need to contact your dentist, and the sooner the better. It is possible that there is already an abscess inside the gum, and this can lead to damage to the tissues of the oral cavity located next to the purulent formation.
Before contacting your doctor, try not to take painkillers - this will complicate the diagnosis. In no case do not apply a hot water bottle and do not eat hot food, rubbing the cheek and making a grid of iodine is also not recommended, because pus can get into the brain and the consequences can be irreparable.
The doctor will do the anesthesia, remove the pus and put drainage in order to avoid relapse. After the procedure, the doctor usually prescribes anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agents. In this case, you must strictly follow his instructions, because the disease is quite dangerous.
Sometimes problems arise after visiting the dentist. The cheek may swell up after installing the filling. This means that root canal treatment is required. To do this, you should visit the doctor again and re-examine.
In order to slightly relieve pain and prevent infection before visiting the doctor’s office, you can rinse the mouth with a weak solution of soda, make compresses from kalanchoe and aloe, applying cotton wool dipped in the juice of these plants or leaf pulp. Compresses can be repeated.
Dental disease can be prevented if you regularly visit the dentist's office and follow the instructions of the doctor.
What to do if pulled out a tooth and swollen cheek?
If tooth extraction is difficult, a small swelling may occur. After medical manipulations with an abscess, the temperature may rise. As a rule, the doctor warns about this after the procedure and prescribes the necessary drugs.
After removal, in no case can you touch the wound, because the infection can get there, you need frequent rinsing of the oral cavity. The tumor may not diminish within a few hours, when the anesthesia takes place, the pain returns for a while. You should watch your well-being during the day.
You should immediately make an appointment with the dentist if:
- The pain does not subside, and the tumor progresses - this is a clear sign of inflammation and increasing suppuration;
- The pain increases; sharp pains over several days are only after a complicated tooth extraction and cutting out of the bone;
- The compaction or tension of soft tissues in the area of the edema;
- The temperature rises and state of health worsens;
- There are problems with opening the mouth and pain when swallowing;
- A blood clot has disappeared in the area of the extracted tooth. The fact is that he must be present in the toothhole. A blood clot helps damaged tissues recover faster and prevents infection. There are cases when it falls out or is washed out during the rinsing process, then you should immediately contact your dentist to block the hole with a special medicine. This should be done without fail, since inflammation can begin.
The cheek may swell up within a week after tooth extraction. This speaks of the problems that have arisen inside the toothhole, namely, with the suppuration of the blood clot and inflammation. Antibiotics and rinsing are useless here, only a doctor can help by cutting the gums and cleaning the wound. The first of the problems may be the appearance of a hematoma on the gum (small swelling), which can cause pain and discomfort for 2 - 3 days. If the tumor does not grow, then you do not need to visit a doctor. Otherwise, you should go to the dentist to make an incision on the gum and continue the treatment.
Cheek pain and swelling are usually unavoidable in the following cases:
- When tooth extraction was difficult. The tissues surrounding the aching tooth are severely damaged, and edema may occur the next morning.
- If the tooth is removed on the background of purulent inflammation, when there is already an infection and, most likely, there is edema.
- After cutting the gums for pus outflow.
Swollen cheek after wisdom tooth removal: causes
Symptoms after the removal of a wisdom tooth are characterized by the fact that they are accompanied by problems when opening the mouth and pain when swallowing. This is largely due to its location - close to the joint. The tissues here are especially soft, and this area is well supplied with blood.
As in the case of ordinary teeth, pain and swelling cannot be avoided if the removal occurs against the background of inflammation. A tumor may appear in the morning after surgery, but if the symptoms do not increase, there is no cause for concern.
Cheek swelling is a symptom of a fairly wide range of ailments. Most often it occurs due to problems with the teeth, oral cavity. You can solve the problem only with the help of a doctor, self-treatment must be excluded! The best way to protect yourself from such troubles is to monitor the health of your teeth and visit the dentist in time.