Rutabaga is an amazing plant. For many nations, it was used to prepare traditional national dishes. Also because of the huge amount of nutrients in its composition, the vegetable was used for medicinal purposes. You can cure a dry cough, sore throat and surprise your household with a panic with a preparation of something.
Swede - what is it?
There is an opinion that rutabaga is an original Russian vegetable. In the old days, it was fried just like fried potatoes today. In fact, they grew this useful plant in many countries. So the British still consider it a national vegetable. Swedes ate in Sweden. Researchers write that they began to grow vegetables there.
The fact that the swede has spread to so many countries is quite understandable. This vegetable is a real storehouse of nutrients and has a good taste. Rutabagas belong to the cabbage family. By assumption, it was obtained by crossing the cabbage irepu. At the same time, according to her taste, she is much softer than the last.
Often, the vegetable is eaten raw. It is believed that for digestion it is useful to eat 1 slice before eating. Also from it you can cook a lot of great salads and main courses. Rutabaga not only perfectly complements the taste of vegetables and mushrooms, but also goes well with meat and fish. It is used in cooking on the same principle as the potato - cleaned and cut into slices or slices.
What does swede look like?
Most rutabaga resemble turnips. Sometimes it becomes reddish and begins to resemble beets. That is why turnips are often confused with fodder varieties. Rutabagas, pictures of which sometimes really look like immature beets, yield only 2 years. After landing, a rosette of leaves appears on the surface. The root crop itself is formed in the first year more slowly and starts growing some 21 months after the emergence of shoots. As it ripens, the flesh turns yellow or remains white.
The taste of dishes affects the quality of the vegetable. Therefore, it is very important to choose the right swede.
- Attention should be paid to the damage, size and softness of the root. There should be no dents on the surface.
- It is better to choose the fruits of medium size. They are much sweeter than overripe swede, which has a tart taste.
- Choosing a vegetable, the root need to hold a hand. The surface of a good swede has no recesses. It is smooth, without extraneous fibers and processes. Also, the fruits must be firm and juicy.
- It is necessary to hold the roots in their hands. You should not have the impression that they are empty. Usually light weight indicates poor quality of the pulp. Such a swede will be watery.
Rutabaga is well kept. To do this, you can use the cellar, a refrigerator or a dark place. At home, swede can be stored for about a week. At a temperature of about 7 degrees - up to a month. Usually, the vegetable is washed before storing and dried thoroughly. It must be free from damage. Peel off is not recommended.
Rutabaga: useful properties
The swede contains many useful substances for humans. Its roots are rich in pectin, trace elements, essential oils. Vitamin C present in it is not
breaks down due to heat treatment. The only caveat - is boiled or fried vegetables better in the first 3 hours. Then there will be less vitamins in it. So rutabaga, unlike many other vegetables, is also useful in cooked form.
She is advised, introduces into the diet in spring and autumn. That's when the human body especially needs vitamins. Vegetable has a strengthening effect and increases immunity. Another useful property is associated with a large amount of calcium in its composition. Therefore, these roots are recommended for those who have problems with bone tissue. Like turnips, swede taken as an expectorant. To do this, it is rubbed on a grater, spread on gauze and squeeze the juice. It can be mixed with a small amount of honey. After some time, dry cough becomes wet and active sputum begins. Swede is useful to prevent atherosclerosis. It helps to clean and strengthen the blood vessels, removing plaques from them.
Useful properties of swede:
- Relieves inflammation. Infusion and turnip juice can gargle for colds.
- Reduces weight. Swede helps to normalize the metabolism. Also, due to the low calorie content, it can be used in the diet.
- Improve digestion. Vegetable affects intestinal motility and acts as a laxative.
- Hypoallergenic. Swede - a neutral product that is not contraindicated in allergies. It can be included in the diet of young children. I also recommend using it as a complementary food.
As for contraindications, you can eat a vegetable for almost everyone. The only thing worth remembering is that it contains many cells. As you know, it is not absorbed by the stomach. In case of overeating swede, there may be problems with the stomach.
Now this vegetable can be found not in all stores. Yes, and in the markets it is found less and less. If you want to feast on swede and try out its healing power, you can grow it yourself.
Like many plants, it is planted in the open ground with seeds or seedlings. The second method of growing laborious, but effective. Seedlings are more adapted to climate change and disease. The choice of swede depends on your preferences. Breeders brought a lot of hybrids, different taste, appearance and ripening. The only thing worth paying attention to is the type of swede. It is fodder and varietal. For cooking usually use the latter. It is more delicious.
First you need to prepare the beds for the vegetable. This should be done even if you decide to plant swede seedlings. The soil should absorb water well and hold it for a while. It should beware of stagnant moisture. So the roots just sour and rot. Ideal soils for growing swede are loamy or sandy. Also suitable peat soil.
The beds form at the end of autumn. Weed weed, dig up the ground, make humus or other fertilizers. On the seedlings turnips begin to grow for 1-1.5 months before the proposed landing in the ground. Seeds are sorted, removed bad. Then they are immersed in a warm solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes. Then spread the seeds on a wet gauze. Seeds are placed on a saucer, which is placed in a warm place and covered with a plastic bag. After the first sprouts appear, they are planted in boxes with earth or in separate pots. Usually seedlings are transported to the ground in early June. At that time, she should already have 3 true leaves.
In order to plant rutabaga immediately in open ground, it is necessary to form the beds in the spring again. Between them should be about 45 cm. Seeds are sown to a depth of 2.5 cm and covered with earth. After 2-3 weeks they are thinned. Between shoots should be about 4-5 cm.
Both seeds and seedlings are fed after 2 weeks. Usually use manure mixed with water. The main rule of care for swede - abundant watering. It does not tolerate drought.
A big plus of this vegetable is its cold resistance. Rutabag remarkably tolerates frosts. Therefore, it is sufficient to simply grow in areas with a cool climate. Some gardeners do not remove it until the start of frost. It does not affect the taste of root vegetables.
If you want to diversify your diet and improve health, then you should plant or buy rutabaga. This vegetable has not only a pleasant taste, but also improves the immune system, cleans blood vessels and organizes metabolic processes in the body. With it, you can cure colds and improve digestion. The main thing is to choose the right fruits. The peel must be intact, and the flesh must be juicy.