Itching, hives and sneezing are the first signs of an allergy. To avoid its manifestations, it is necessary to eliminate the effect of the allergen. But what if allergies, such as pollen? In such cases, antihistamines are used to alleviate the symptoms. Let's talk about whether it is possible to give "Suprastin" to children and in what dosage.
Features of Allergy Treatment
There are many drugs that fight against the various manifestations of allergy. Antiallergic antihistamines specifically affect the substance produced during inflammatory processes - histamine. It is stored mainly in immune cells and is released during stimulation with allergens. Then histamine binds to specific cellular receptors located throughout the body, and, by stimulating them, causes allergic symptoms.
Oral or parenteral administration of antihistamines that suppress the irritant effect of histamine helps reduce allergy symptoms. One of these drugs is Suprastin. It has an antihistamine effect and inhibits the activity of histamine by blocking cellular receptors.
"Suprastin": instructions for use and dosage for children
This drug is developed by the Hungarian pharmaceutical company "EGIS Pharmacuticals PLC" based on the active ingredient chloropyramine. It comes in two dosage forms, such as:
- Tablets of 0.025 g. In addition to chloropyramine, they contain octadecanoic acid, a mixture of animal proteins for thickening, starch glycolate A-type, lactose monohydrate, microtalc.
- Solution for parenteral use - ampoules of 0.02 g of the active substance.
"Suprastin" is intended for therapeutic effects on allergic manifestations with characteristic symptoms of urticaria, hay fever, rhinitis, accompanied by itching. It is also prescribed in the treatment of contact dermatitis from exposure to chemicals or plants. The drug eases allergic symptoms from taking medicines, food allergens and insect bites.
When can not take pills?
It is necessary to refrain from taking "Suprastin" in the presence of hypersensitivity to the active active ingredient or other components of the drug, as well as in such cases:
- with an acute asthmatic attack;
- babies and premature babies;
- during gestation and breastfeeding.
Caution should be taken to receive the drug in the presence of pathologies such as:
- liver or kidney disease;
- inadequate response of the body to taking antihistamines;
- diseases of the heart and blood vessels;
- problems urinating;
- enlarged prostate gland;
- gastric reflux.
The lactose contained in the preparation can lead to undesirable reactions in people suffering from lactase deficiency. During the reception "Suprastin" should avoid prolonged exposure to solar radiation, as this may cause photosensitization.
It will be correct to take the medicine with food, with a liquid. Usually, the doctor prescribes the dosage and duration of treatment, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient. The average therapeutic daily dose for adults and children over the age of 14 ranges from 0.075 g to 0.1 g by fractional administration of one tablet three to four times a day. Elderly and people with weak health can take the drug exclusively by doctor's prescription.
The dosage of "Suprastin" for children in tablets is somewhat different from the solution for injection:
- Suprastin dosage for children from 2 to 6 years old is 12.5 mg (½ tablet) not more than twice a day;
- from 6 to 14 years old - 12.5 mg two to three times a day.
It should be remembered that the maximum daily dosage for children can not be more than 0.1 g (4 tablets). Warning: pills are contraindicated in children under the age of one year!
The injection solution is applied as follows:
- Suprastin dosage for children under one year is 0.25 ml (¼ ampoules);
- children under 6 years old - 0.5 ml (½ ampoules);
- for the age category from 6 to 14 years old - from 0.5 to 1 ml (½-1 ampoules).
The maximum daily intake of “Suprastin” in the form of injections should be based on the rate of 2 mg / kg of the child’s weight.
If the medicine was not taken at the scheduled time, do not try to replenish it with the next dose, since double dosage will not enhance the effect of the drug, but can only harm.
Drug interactions with other drugs
Quite often, when the child's temperature rises to high values, parents, out of a desire to quickly help, try to combine several drugs, firmly believing that they thereby enhance the therapeutic effect. This applies, for example, to such three medications as Paracetamol, Suprastin and No-Spa. The main question in this case is what is the allowable dosage of these drugs for children?
In fact, the combination of such drugs is not welcomed by leading pediatricians for several reasons:
- "Paracetamol" in itself has all the listed properties, since it belongs to the category of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- The effect of co-administration of these drugs is poorly understood and rather doubtful, but the risk of overdose, allergic reaction and side effects triples.
For children, there are two main antipyretics - Ibuprofen and Paracetamol. In a home first aid kit, a family with a child up to three years old must be compulsory. The dosage of all drugs is calculated based on the weight of the child, and it is best to entrust it to the doctor.