A few decades ago, the main drug that is responsible for infectious diseases of the eye, was "Albucidus". A little bottle is known to almost everyone: at least once, even in childhood, they had to use it to eliminate conjunctivitis or ordinary eye irritation. However, today, everyone who comes to the pharmacy, at the request of selling a tool familiar from childhood, is given a drug with the strange name sodium sulfacyl. And a completely natural question arises - is sulfacyl sodium and "Albucid" the same or not?
Sulfacyl sodium in ophthalmology
In international pharmaceuticals, this drug is known as "Sulfacetamide", but in Russia it was sold for a long time under the name "Albucid". But if you study the instructions for the latter, you can see that its composition is pure sulfacetamide at a concentration of 20% or 30%, depending on whether it is shown to adults or children. Therefore, if you have been sold sulfacyl sodium instead of the requested "Albucid", do not worry - this is not even a generic, but the real name of these drops.
- Sulfacyl sodium is an antibacterial component belonging to the sulfanilomide group, which is formed during the production of a streptocide. Bacteriostatic, effectively works against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, inhibiting their synthesis through the replacement of para-aminobenzoic acid. The effectiveness of the substance is so high that it is used not only for the purpose of prevention and long-term therapy, but also as an emergency remedy for the nascent infection.
- The main focus of sulfacetamide - conjunctivitis and blepharitis, gonorrhea, as well as ulcerative lesions of the cornea. However, it can also be applied to repair damaged eye vessels. In pediatric ophthalmology, it is recommended for the prevention of vaginal discomfort in very young patients.
- The active substance penetrates the tissues of the eye, and also enters the blood in a minimal amount, but does not affect it due to too low concentration. This pharmacokinetics allows the use of sulfacyl sodium in children from the first days of life, as well as in pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Instructions for use eye drops "Sulfacyl sodium"
This drug has several concentration options - 30% is recommended for adults and children over 12 years old, 20% is targeted at newborns and young children, as well as those with high sensitivity, who show active side reactions to the standard version of the drug. But before conducting therapy with sodium sulfacyl, it is necessary to establish the infectious agent precisely: there are microorganisms resistant to this substance, which also contribute to the occurrence of infectious eye diseases.
- The dosage of the drug is determined by the severity of the disease, as well as its stage. At the acute stage, adults can bury up to 18 drops per day, breaking the procedure up to 6 times; Children in the same conditions should not bury more than 12 drops per day.
- As the patient's condition improves, the frequency of the procedures and the amount of the drug used are reduced. For prophylactic purposes, sulvertsetamid is recommended to be instilled in the morning and evening, 1 drop in each eye, for 3-4 days.
- Small children eye drops "Sulfacyl sodium" with conjunctivitis instilled up to 4 times a day, 1-2 drops. For neonatal prophylaxis, it is enough to drip 1-2 drops immediately after birth, and then repeat the procedure after 2-3 hours.
Contraindications in addition to sensitivity to the active substance does not appear, but the adverse reactions are fixed in the vast majority of patients: this is a burning sensation and pain in the eyes, the appearance of tears. Such symptoms are short-lived and say only that the drug gets into the focus of infection. But if the discomfort persists for a long time, it is recommended to lower the concentration or to refuse the drug, coordinating it with your doctor.
The course duration usually does not exceed 10 days, but can be changed at the insistence of a specialist.
It is important to know that the connection of sulfacetamyl with ophthalmologic anesthetics is undesirable, in particular, tetracaine and procaine: this significantly reduces the result from the use of sulfacetamide.
Pediatricians reviews about the drug
"Sulfacyl sodium" is a rare inexpensive drug, which positively refers to almost all doctors - both adult ophthalmologists and pediatricians. He is considered safe just enough that sometimes you can hear a recommendation to drop sulfacetamil to check your eyes for infections and damage: if there is no burning sensation, then everything is in order. The fact that "Sulfacyl sodium" is discharged even for the purpose of prophylaxis against possible inflammation after the ingestion of a foreign body (up to sand) cannot be said. In addition, the drops can also be used to treat upper respiratory tract infections in both children and adults.
Doctors recommend warming (in the palms, without external heat exposure) a bottle of the drug before instillation, and after carrying out the procedure, hold the head back, eyes closed. At the same time, for the correct result, it is necessary to first bury in the conjunctival sac of a healthy eye (or with less severity of the disease).
Summing up, it should be noted that "Sulfacyl sodium" - a tool that must be present in every first aid kit. He is not able to replace any expensive and newest drugs, it does not hit the pocket and always works without complaints, which makes such an inexpensive bottle almost priceless. However, in order not to get a negative experience with sulfacitamyl, it is worth finding out the exact diagnosis and following all points of the instruction.