As you know, tests are health signaling devices. If streptococci are detected in a smear, it can cause panic in women. What to do? Is treatment necessary? And if not treated? And if they are detected in a pregnant woman? To understand whether there is cause for alarm, you need to know a little more about cocci.
Microorganismsinside of us: what are streptococci dangerous for?
These are fairly common microorganisms. They are referred to as conditionally pathogenic, that is, they develop their harmful activity under certain conditions, for example, with a decrease in immunity. They live in the human body and settle in different organs on the mucous membranes: in the mouth, nose, throat, digestive system and genitals.
Almost all adults are carriers of these microorganisms. But what harm can they do? Most often, microbes cause purulent inflammations: chronic tonsillitis, sepsis, sore throat, antritis, scarlet fever, otitis media, pneumonia. These "pests" lead to infection of wounds and joints. And they can provoke complications such as rheumatism and glomerulonephritis.
If the analysis showed the presence of streptococcus, then you should not get very upset. Today, many medicines are produced that are able to defeat him. But to neglect such a problem means to harm health. If you do not cure streptococcal infection, it can provoke the development of many dangerous diseases.
Depending on where and what type of streptococci is detected, the gynecologist, otolaryngologist, urologist or other specialist will deal with the treatment.
Types of Streptococcus:
- Streptococcus A. Causes purulent inflammatory process in any wound on the skin. When ingested, it provokes tissue necrosis or toxic shock.
- B. It is detected during pregnancy (hormonal changes contribute to this). This streptococcus is able to penetrate the placenta, which can result in infection of the fetus or miscarriage.
- hemolytic. It settles in the genitals and intestines. Especially dangerous for pregnant women, because in the process of childbirth is able to infect the baby.
Streptococcusatsmearatwomen: reasonsand consequences
In certain quantities, streptococci are part of the normal vaginal microflora. Normally, up to 100 species of microorganisms are found in the vagina, but the vast majority of them (about 95%) are Dodeleyn sticks. But the remaining 3-5% are all sorts of cocci. If a small amount of streptococcus is found in a smear, this is a common occurrence and does not threaten a woman who does not bear a child.
The main reasons why coccal infection occurs:
- antibiotics. This violates the vaginal microflora and contributes to the fact that cocci begin to prevail over the rest of the beneficial bacteria;
- hormonal changes that take place during pregnancy, lactation, treatment with appropriate drugs;
- weakening of immunity, which contributes to stress, infectious diseases, influenza, physical overload;
- regular douching. Some women are so passionate about the idea of “sterility” of the vagina, that they constantly resort to the procedure of douching, hoping that it will save them from any infection. As a result, lactobacilli die, and cocci, in contrast, receive all the conditions for active reproduction;
- unprotected sex acts.
If the strep in a smear is small, it is perfectly normal. If the number increases dramatically due to their active reproduction, they will disrupt the normal balance of microflora and cause an inflammatory process. What can streptococci indicate in a smear in women? Their detection in large quantities indicates the following processes:
- vaginal dysbacteriosis;
- sexually transmitted infections.
What indicators considered normal?
In the vaginal environment of a healthy woman, streptococcal bacteria are found:
- viridans (green);
- serological group B;
- enterococci (group D).
Their content and frequency of detection may vary, but normally this indicator is 104 CFU / ml.
Streptococcusagalactiaeatsmearatwomen: whatthisand for whom are they dangerous?
This type of streptococcus belongs to the B-group. These are oval-shaped microorganisms, 0.5-2 microns in size, lined up in chains. As a rule, their carriage is asymptomatic. However, they are the most common cause of infections in pregnant women and newborns. They are detected in the microflora of 20% of pregnant women. In these cases, the patients have the following pathologies:
- bacterial colonization of the vagina;
- postpartum blood poisoning;
- urinary tract infections;
The more infected the expectant mother, the more likely the infection of her offspring. In the process of delivery, when the child moves through the birth canal, the frequency of transmission of infection reaches 50-60%. If the baby was born at less than 28 weeks, the risk of infection is 100%. This threatens the baby with the development of such diseases as sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia.
howto treat cocci infection?
If streptococcus is detected in a smear in women, treatment is carried out only with the help of antibiotics. Used a combination of drugs. Doctors prefer Ampicillin and Benzylpenicillin, but the drug is always chosen individually. Pregnant during childbirth put an drip with antibiotics.
In addition, they use topical medications (Betadine), and after antibiotic therapy they prescribe Linnex, Baktisubtil to restore the intestinal flora.
Streptococci are microorganisms that coexist with us. Vaccines against them yet. Their presence in a smear (within the normal range) does not mean that a woman needs treatment, but in the case of pregnant women, therapy is obligatory. If symptoms of streptococcal infection appear, you cannot do without the help of doctors. Self-medication can only harm and cause the microorganisms to stop responding to the antibiotic.