The gastrointestinal tract is directly involved in the processing of food and the removal of waste from the body. Human health depends on its normal functioning. Do you have a stomach ache after eating? It is worth giving this symptom a decent attention, because its sources can be hazardous to health.
Which ones, you ask? We will tell about it in our article.
Why the stomach hurts after eating: causes
Pain in the stomach after eating does not occur for no reason, most often affects the quality of cooked food and food consumed. The specificity of the occurrence of such pains is variable and is characterized by the following factors:
- increased production of gastric juice and hydrochloric acid for the processing of heavy and coarse food;
- overeating: when too much food arrives, the stomach walls are deformed and cause pain;
- spasms of the stomach walls (response to stale products).
Pain arising from poor-quality food, pass on their own after the stomach no longer intensively digest it. However, if severe stomach pain accompanies you all the time and is in no way related to the quality of the food, this can be a sign of gastrointestinal disease.
Symptoms of illnesses that cause pain
To determine the presence of possible deviations in the work of the stomach and its accompanying organs, it is necessary to pay special attention not only to the intensity of pain, but also to their duration:
- burning or spasmolytic pain in the stomach immediately after eating speaks of acute diseases;
- if the stomach hurts in 1-3 hours after eating, most often this indicates the presence of peptic ulcer;
- nocturnal pains indicate problems in the duodenum.
Discomfort also occurs due to increased production of acidity and dysmotility of the stomach. The following diseases can be the cause of such failures:
- Ulcerative gastritis. Most often occurs after suffering a gastric infection or when eating "dry ration". At the same time after eating a person can be disturbed by symptoms such as belching, acid vomiting, flatulence, nausea.
- A stomach ulcer. It is formed on the mucous membrane of the stomach in the form of a bleeding wound. The precursor of the ulcer is gastritis. A person feels pain 1-2 hours after eating on the left side or in the center of the abdomen.
- Esophageal stenosis and obstruction. They are characterized by deformation of the connective tissues of the gastric mucosa - this is swelling, narrowing of the walls, peptic ulcer. All this complicates the normal movement of food, as a result of which a person feels heaviness and bloating, constipation, and severe vomiting.
- Diaphragmatic hernia of the stomach - the movement of the esophagus through the natural or pathological opening of the diaphragm. Often the disease is accompanied by pain in the heart and shoulder muscles.
Pain in the stomach can be associated not only with diseases of the organ itself, but also occur when other body systems malfunction. These include:
- diseases of the large intestine: colitis, unstable stool;
- pathology of the spleen;
- duodenal ulcer;
- left kidney disease;
- gallbladder infection;
- inflammation of the pancreas.
The occurrence of discomfort increases after eating and does not always occur in the central region of the abdomen. The intensity of pain can be quite strong and lead to a state of shock, so you do not need to postpone a visit to the doctor and taking medication to relieve spasms.
It is also not necessary to exclude possible food poisoning. If the stomach hurts after a while after a meal and is very sick, then this symptom is associated with stale food and an allergic reaction of the digestive system to them.
How to get rid of pain?
If after eating you suddenly found pain, you need to take the following steps:
- Take a comfortable sitting position, stretch your legs. This will remove the excess load on the walls of the stomach.
- Apply a cool compress on your stomach; a towel with ice is well suited for this.
- To relieve pain, you can also take 1-2 tablets no-shpy.
In any case, even if the pain subsided, you should consult a doctor-gastroenterologist and undergo a complete examination of the body. Almost all diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are successfully treated by taking pills and diet food. The only exceptions are severe forms of peptic ulcer disease and obstruction, where hospitalization and surgery may be necessary.
Prevention of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
To prevent the risk of the onset and development of various diseases of the stomach and intestinal tract, there are several simple but effective ways. One of them is moderate exercise: get some light gymnastics, go to the gym, do morning or evening jogging in the fresh air. Sport helps to cope with many diseases and maintain the body in good shape.
Also, nutritionists recommend not to sit down and especially not to take a lying position after eating. It is best to go around the house a little: play with your pets or wash the dishes. This will not only prevent the risk of developing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, but also the deposition of fat.
In addition to the movement of a crucial point is the meal time. People who are prone to inflammation of the gastric mucosa, doctors are advised to take food fractional parts 4-5 times a day in the time strictly reserved for this.
But when calculating the time of food, please note that the interval between doses should not exceed 3 hours and affect the night time of the day. Of course, you can not eat semi-finished products.
Pay special attention to the quality of chewing food. Do not swallow food in whole pieces - this is how you force the stomach to work hard and can injure the walls of the esophagus.
To avoid possible problems, you must be very careful about your health. There are many pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract that do not show themselves at the initial stage. In order to detect pathology in time, and simply maintain a healthy mind in the body, it will be enough to take a doctor's examination once a year.