Probably more than a dozen generations in childhood scared with such a famous punishment for misconduct, like “to be eaten by nettle” ... In the people she has a lot of names: lyuga, zhchuchka, flies and even strekuchka! And in folk medicine, it is known not as a frightening, but as a medicinal plant. Nettle is used both for treatment and for the prevention of many diseases. Nettle broths reduce blood sugar levels, improve metabolism, and have wound healing and many other actions. Widely used nettle and in the manufacture of natural cosmetics.
Help - nettle dioica
Stinging nettle is a perennial herb of the nettle family, it has a creeping root. The stems are straight, tetrahedral, in height reach 100-120 cm. The leaves on the stem grow opposite each other, have an ovate-lanceolate form, large, can reach 15 cm in length and 8 cm in width, along the perimeter of all leaves are large cloves. The leaves and stem of nettle are covered with stiff hairs with glands that contain substances that irritate human skin. Nettle flowers are small, greenish, same-sex, collected in branched inflorescences, which are located in the leaf axils. Fruits - small yellow-gray nuts. Flowering time - from early May to mid-autumn. Fruits appear from July to the first frost.
Where to look for nettles?
Nettle grows almost throughout the territory of Russia. With the exception of the Far North. You can find it anywhere: in trash bins and dumps, near settlements of people and cattle yards, along roads, in ravines, along the banks of reservoirs, in moist forests, in thickets of bushes.
Features of collecting nettle
As a medicinal raw material nettle, its leaves, roots, and seeds are most often used. Going to the collection of nettle, take with you thick gloves that will protect your hands from burns, as well as a paper bag or basket (but in no case a plastic bag) in which you can put the extracted raw materials. The collection of medicinal plants along highways, railway tracks, close to industrial plants or in landfills is strictly prohibited. Before you start collecting, make sure that the place you choose is environmentally friendly. When harvesting it is necessary to tear the leaves from the top of the plant.
For harvesting nettle roots, the plant should be dug, shake off the soil, then rinse thoroughly in running water and cut the stems. To harvest seeds, cut off the tops of plants (2 weeks after the end of flowering). In order to properly deliver the raw materials to the place of drying, lay it loosely, without trampling. Drying nettle raw materials can be in the attic, on the terrace, in the gazebo, that is, in any place with good ventilation, but without access to direct sunlight, from which the leaves discolour and lose some vitamins and other useful substances.
To dry the raw materials, it is necessary to scatter a very thin layer. In properly dried nettle leaves, the vein located in the center should break with a bang. After drying, remove brown leaves, stem pieces, and inflorescences from the total mass. Dry leaves should be dark green in color, with a rough surface, a peculiar smell and a bitter-grassy taste. Store the raw materials in cardboard boxes or paper bags in a dry, regularly ventilated area. Shelf life - 2 years.
- Contraindications: increased blood clotting, hypertensive illness, pregnancy, Nettle preparations also cannot be used for bleeding caused by a cyst, polyps and other tumors of the uterus and its appendages. It is also worth being very careful when treating nettle patients with kidney disease.
- Side effects:Even prolonged use of nettle preparations does not give side effects.
Recipes for treating nettle
- 2-3 tablespoons of raw nettle pour 0.5 cups of boiling water, leave for 2 hours, then strain. Divide the infusion into three meals, drink it before each meal for the treatment of anemia, asthenia, nephritis, hepatitis.
- 60 g (6 tablespoons) of the crushed raw materials (flowers and leaves) of nettle pour 2 liters of boiling water, leave for 40-60 minutes, then strain. Take an infusion of 1 glass before each meal with bronchitis, pyelonephritis.
Decoction from worms
1 tablespoon nettle root pour 500 ml of boiling water and put on the fire, boil for 10 minutes, cool, strain. Divide the resulting broth into several portions and drink before each meal for the day. The course of treatment is from 14 to 28 days.
Mix 50 g (5 tablespoons) of nettle leaves, dandelion root, hop cones, birch leaves and mint, add to this mixture 100 g of burdock grass. 20 g (2 tablespoons) of the mixture, pour 400 ml of boiling water and simmer for 5 minutes, then cool and strain. Take 100 ml of this broth before each meal with eczema.
Nettle infusion for the scalp
3 tablespoons of the dry, shredded nettle leaves, pour 1 glass of water, leave for 30 minutes, then strain. Rub into the scalp 1-2 times a week to give and maintain normal scalp type.
Tincture against dandruff, oiliness and hair loss
1 part of fresh, pre-washed and dried nettle leaves, pour 10 parts of alcohol or vodka, leave in a warm place for 8-10 days in a jar, tightly closed lid. After strain. Rub into the scalp 1-2 times a week to prevent or eliminate hair loss, dandruff or oily seborrhea.
Nettle compress for oily skin
2 tablespoons of the dry crushed nettle leaves pour 1 liter of boiling water, leave for 1 hour, strain. The resulting infusion blot the gauze and make a compress on oily skin to eliminate oily sheen.
Acetic brothfrom nettlefor hair
7 tablespoons of crushed nettle leaves pour 500 ml of water with vinegar, put on the fire and boil for 30 minutes. After strain and cool broth. For oily dandruff, rinse the hair daily for 10 days with this decoction.
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