Who knows what starch is? A strange question, you think. Starch is a white powder in a bag that lies in a kitchen cupboard, it is also used in various culinary recipes for thickening. Of course, this is true, but in addition to the bag, starch is contained in everything that is of vegetable origin, and in the first place it is flour products. In large quantities, it is also found in potatoes, corn grains, rice, peas, cereals. In general, today starch is obtained from more than 50 species of plants and we absorb it with almost everything that we eat. The topic of our conversation - starch: the benefits and harm to the body.
Starch - the main supplier of carbohydrates, which means energy source. As soon as you bit off a bun or put boiled potatoes in your mouth, the process of transforming starch into glucose begins, which nourishes our body with energy and also contributes to fat deposits. The opinion of medicine about this is as follows: the use of starch for human life is undoubted, but it also causes a disturbance of metabolic processes in the body, which causes various diseases.
In order to understand all this, let's first consider starch under a microscope and find out what elements it consists of.
|100 g edible part of the product|
Energy elements, g
|Nutritional value, Kcal||313|
|Niacin equivalent (PP)||0,0166|
|Trace elements, mg||0.0|
This substance is synthesized by plants and accumulates as an energy resource. For example, corn or wheat grains are half starch. Here are the most starchy cultures:
- tuberous - potatoes, sweet potatoes, manioc;
- cereals - corn, wheat, rice, rye, barley, etc .;
- legumes - peas, lentils, chickpeas, etc.
The method of starch - wet grinding.
Starch: benefits and harm to the body
Fully useful products do not exist at all. In life is always the case - everything that is useful is harmful. The same with starch, although it is difficult to overestimate its biological significance for humans. As the main source of energy, it provides up to 80% of carbohydrates consumed and almost 50% of the nutritional value of our daily diet. By calorie content, it is almost equal to sugar.
The assets of this product also include its properties:
- anti-sclerotic - lowers cholesterol;
- the potassium content contributes to the removal of excess fluid and has a beneficial effect on kidney disease;
- the enveloping effect is used as an anti-ulcer agent;
- promotes the synthesis of riboflavin, which is involved in the organization of the digestive process;
- high content of amylopectin contributes to the formation of food lump and stimulates the stomach;
- reduces the negative effects of sugar jumps in diabetics.
Harm of starch is again in its high energy value: it is he who contributes to the obesity of people leading a sedentary lifestyle. Starch acquires the majority of its harmful qualities as a result of industrial cleaning and refining. Refined starch increases inulin, which can provoke a change in hormonal levels, disrupt metabolism.-
High starch content in heat-treated products can cause cancer. Sulfur dioxide from refined starch does not provide much benefit. The increased content of this toxin in the body causes a runny nose, nausea, choking, pulmonary edema, speech disorder, vomiting.
And what about corn starch?
Corn starch is the second most popular after potato. Briefly focus on its beneficial and harmful properties. Moderate consumption of this product contributes to building muscle mass and providing nutrition to the nerve cells. Corn starch is widely used in medical preparations for the treatment of skin diseases and as an auxiliary substance in the composition of tablets and powders.
It is not recommended for people suffering from obesity and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. May lead to aggravation of gastritis and cause heartburn. People with individual intolerance to maize need to pay attention to the composition of the products when they are purchased.
Starch: use and contraindications
The use of starch is quite widespread in various industries. In mass quantities, it is used in the food industry, and after processing into glucose, molasses and dextrins, it is used in the confectionery industry. Also, starch has found application in light industry in the manufacture of dyes in papermaking. It is used in the manufacture of printed products, cosmetics. The beneficial properties of starch have found application in medicine and pharmacology.
Its ability to soften the skin, heal and nourish it determined the use of starch in cosmetology. Starch is used in the preparation of masks for hands, face and body. Potato starch is indispensable for lightening the skin, for example, with freckles.
The astringent properties of the product have also been used in traditional medicine. Here is one of the recipes for using starch in children with diarrhea:
- 1 tsp. potato starch is stirred in 1 tbsp. l water.
- Give the child a drink of this solution, and diarrhea will pass.
When using starch should be aware of the precautions. So, with excessive consumption of this product may cause bloating, flatulence, stomach cramps will appear. Do not eat starch at night, and it is contraindicated in children.
We discussed with you the main beneficial properties of starch for our body and contraindications to its use. Remember that everything is good in moderation. Be healthy!