Staphylococcus aureus is a spherical bacterium. Medical statistics shows that at least 20% of the world's population are carriers of such a microorganism. Very often it is found in children, including newborns. What to do if bacprosev showed the presence of staphylococcus aureus in the child's nose? How dangerous is it and how should it be treated?
Staphylococcus aureus - what is hidden behind a beautiful name?
Staphylococcus can live not only in the nose. It is found on the skin, on the tonsils and even in the vagina in women. When scientists conducted a microbiological study of colony of such bacteria, it was found that they look like a bunch of grapes. Thanks to the "appearance" the microorganism got its name.
Staphylococcus aureus is suspected pathogenic microbe. This means that not every species of it is a threat to human health. Hemolyzing staphylococcus is among the most dangerous. It is able to infect any organs, provoking inflammation in them.
How can a child become infected with a staph microbe?
How can staphylococcus aureus appear in a child's nose? The infection is transmitted in different ways:
- airborne droplets;
- through food - if a child eats a meat dish, desserts with cream, eggs or dairy products infected with a microbe;
- through wounds (microtrauma) on the skin or mucous membranes of the respiratory system.
But the sad leadership in the list of sources of infection with Staphylococcus aureus belongs to medical institutions. In second place is the household path of transmission of bacteria. This happens if adult family members do not follow personal hygiene rules for children.
How does the treacherous microbe enter the body of a newborn? This can occur during childbirth if they were pathological. The risk of catching Staphylococcus aureus and those crumbs who survived intrauterine oxygen deprivation. Mom can also inadvertently “reward” her baby with a harmful microbe along with breast milk.
Factors that lead to infection
Not every encounter with a pathogenic virus leads to infection. Children with a weakened immune system are at the greatest risk of infection. The reasons for which Staphylococcus aureus lodges in the baby’s nose are also disturbances in the normal balance of intestinal microflora and autoinfection.
To provocative factors should include all kinds of infectious diseases, as they reduce the protective ability of immunity.
High probability of detection of such microorganisms in premature babies.
What tests will help determine the presence of Staphylococcus aureus?
To confirm or refute the diagnosis of Staphylococcus aureus, the child must pass a special analysis. It will help determine the presence of an appropriate infection.
Very often, such a survey is carried out in relation to newborns. This is done in the hospital. Childbirth - a difficult test for the baby, this process greatly undermines the immune system of babies. Thanks to the analysis, the infection is detected even before the arrival of the newborn home.
What is analysis? For the detection of Staphylococcus aureus in the nose make bacposiv. For this purpose, a loop-shaped probe is used - with its help, an ordinary smear is taken.
To get the right results, you should strictly follow all the rules for passing such a sample. Before you take a smear, the nose must be cleaned of its "contents", that is, the child will first be offered to blow his nose. Then the probe is introduced into the nasal passage and spend them on the mucous.
Staphylococcus aureus is found in the nose: should a child be treated?
In the study of bakposev in the laboratory, manually count the number of microorganisms contained in the smear. This result will be compared with the standards and will establish the stage of the disease.
If parents see a mark of 10 in 4 degrees on the analysis form, then you need not worry. This is normal for kids whose age is over 1 year. If such a number of microbes is found in newborns, then treatment is necessary.
However, if Staphylococcus aureus is still detected, but the child feels good, then no therapy is prescribed.
The situation is quite different if the analysis showed an intensive, abundant growth of bacteria. This means that the infection has intensified and begins an attack on the body. With such an alarming sign, it is urgent to undergo a course of treatment!
What symptoms will indicate that Staphylococcus aureus lives in the nose?
Doctors say that staphylococcus bacterium has a high survivability. Dried microbe to 3.5 years retains its ability to infection. Favorite place of these pathogenic microorganisms is the nasal cavity.
If Staphylococcus aureus has settled in the nose, the symptoms are sufficiently characteristic:
- nasal mucosa reddens;
- there is a lingering sensation that cannot be cured by standard methods;
- The baby is constantly stuffy nose;
- temperature can rise to 39 degrees;
- the patient gets tired quickly;
- the child complains of weakness and refuses to eat;
- sometimes pustular formations appear in the nose.
How is Staphylococcus aureus treated in children and adults?
Staphylococcus aureus in the nose is dangerous in that it can cause sinusitis, tonsillitis, conjunctivitis or pneumonia, as well as affect other organs, in particular the skin and intestines.
Depending on the patient’s condition and the results of the examination (such as pathogen, antibiotic resistance), the doctor will select a treatment regimen. In mild cases, symptomatic therapy can be avoided. If the child (or adult) feels very bad as a result of the infection activity, then this treatment is applied:
- administration of immunostimulating drugs, antibiotics (amoxiclav, ofloxacin, oxacimillin), vitamins is shown;
- hygiene procedures are prescribed - sterile compresses;
- blood transfusions may be performed;
- good results are instillation of chlorophyllipt in the nose.
You can also use the tools of traditional medicine. For washing the nasopharynx and rinsing the throat, you can prepare a solution that includes the following ingredients:
- Chamomile - 1 tbsp. l .;
- 1 tbsp boiling water.
It is necessary to pour chamomile flowers in boiling water, boil for 5 minutes. Insist 20 minutes.
You can gargle with calendula throat. For this take 1 tsp. flowers of this plant, pour 1 tbsp. boiling water and kept in a water bath for about an hour. Then filter.
How to avoid becoming a victim of staphylococcus?
If parents do not want their family to be affected by the problem of staphylococcus, then they must adhere to strict rules of prevention:
- do not give up breastfeeding;
- in case of wounds and scratches (cracks in the nipples), treat them with antiseptics;
- less time with the child in public places.
Both children and adults need to strengthen the immune system and do not forget about the standards of hygiene.
Staphylococcus aureus acts surreptitiously. Without being aware of itself, it slowly destroys human health and can even cause sepsis. Therefore, you should time to pass the analysis for Staphylococcus aureus in the nose. Treatment for children (and adults) in this case can only be prescribed by a doctor! If you try to prescribe medication for yourself or for the child, you can exacerbate the problem, which will lead to serious pathologies.