People call him "early healer"and all because the spring primrose, or primrose medicinal, begins to proudly rise above the ground long before all the other plants wake up from hibernation, and, as a result, the first pleases us with its tiny, but charming flowers. The roots of this wonderful plant contain vitamins A. C, carotene and many other useful substances - it is not surprising that this flower was used for medicinal purposes in ancient Greece, where, for its healing properties, it was called the "flower of the twelve gods".
Help - spring primrose
Spring primrose is a perennial herbaceous plant of the primrose family, it can reach a height of 30 cm. The rhizome of a primrose is vertical, not long, dotted with numerous thin roots. Primrose leaves are basal, have an egg-shaped form, they grow on winged petioles and gather several pieces in a basal rosette. Each leaf of the primrose is omitted on both sides and slightly wrinkled. The leaves, like the stems, primrose covered with white fuzz. Primrose flowers are rather large, light yellow in color, grow from umbrellas, which are always tilted to the ground. Flowering time: end of April - May.
Where to look for spring primrose?
Spring primrose is most often found in the middle steppe and forest-steppe belts of the European part of Russia in the zone of deciduous and mixed forests. Primrose grows, as a rule, on forest edges and glades of forests, on forest meadows, and also in thickets of bushes.
Features of the collection of spring primrose
All parts of the spring primrose (the whole plant) act as a medicinal raw material. The above-ground part of primrose (leaves, stems and flowers), or in other words, the grass of primrose, must be harvested from the beginning to the end of flowering plants. Such raw materials should be dried quickly, for this it is necessary to use an oven heated to 100-120 degrees - this will allow almost completely to preserve the vitamin C contained in the raw materials. Primrose rhizome along with the roots can be harvested in early spring or late autumn, that is, at the time of year when the above-ground part of the plant is in a faded state.
Before drying, the roots should be thoroughly rinsed with water, and then cut into thin strips and dried up in fresh air. After that, the roots can be dried until the medicinal raw material is fully prepared in the same way as primrose grass. The shelf life of such raw materials is 1 year. Contraindications: idiosyncrasy, pregnancy,
Side effects of primrose spring
An allergic skin reaction to the preparations of the spring primrose is possible, and overdosing them leads to indigestion, nausea and vomiting. Receiving drugs primrose spring also should not be combined with anticoagulants. Before starting treatment with primrose preparations, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Primrose Treatment Recipes
2 tablespoons of the dry crushed raw material of spring primrose pour 1 liter of water and boil for 10 minutes in an enamel bowl, covered with a lid, on low heat, then infuse the mixture for another 20 minutes, then strain and squeeze. Drink the resulting infusion of ½ cup 5-6 times a day, regardless of meals. The course of treatment can last from 2 weeks to 3 months (until complete recovery). Primrose infusion can also be taken to combat headaches, as well as as an anesthetic for gastrointestinal spasms.
Medicine for flu, bronchitis, sore throats and rino-sinusitis
2 tablespoons of the dry crushed raw material of primrose (roots) pour boiling water and leave for 20 minutes, then strain and squeeze. Take an infusion of 1/3 cup before each meal. To enhance the beneficial qualities of the infusion, it is recommended to add 1 teaspoon of linden honey.
Tincture to soothe
Mix 150 ml of vodka and 75 ml of water, pour the resulting solution to 8 tablespoons of powdered powdered or 20 tablespoons of fresh cut spring primrose flowers. Put this whole mixture in a tight-fitting dish and, after you have corked it, leave it to stand in a cool dark place for 14 days, shaking the contents of the pot regularly. After the expiry of the specified period, the resulting tincture must be drained, the raw material must be squeezed and the product poured into a bottle of dark glass or another opaque container. The shelf life of such tincture is 1-2 years. Take it should be 5-10 drops as a sedative during overexcitement, anxiety and insomnia.
Primrose Flower Oil
Place fresh flowers of primrose in the jar of the container you need, fill them with vegetable oil so that they are completely covered with it and leave for 14 to 21 days on the windowsill (or in any other place in the sun). Strain the present mixture, press out and pour in the new portion of fresh flowers of spring primrose again with the resulting oil. Insist the mixture as much as it was for the first time, and in the same way, after which also strain and pour into containers suitable for storage. The shelf life of such a product is from six months to a year, but it is more efficient to use freshly prepared oil. It should be used as a sedative for insomnia by adding 5-10 drops to a bath.
Fresh spring primrose leaves, plucked during its flowering, can be used as food, adding them to soups, salads and okroshka (like dill or any other greens). For example, 2 leaves of primrose, added to the salad, provide you with vitamin C, necessary for the whole day.
Infusion for acid-base balance
1 teaspoon of dry crushed leaves of spring primrose pour 1 cup of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, then strain and squeeze. Take an infusion of ¼ cup after each meal.
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