There is a sprain with too strong and sudden movements. The ankle joint is most commonly affected. This happens when turning the foot when falling or walking on uneven terrain. Many people pull the muscles of the neck or back while lifting weights, when they hold their backs straight and do not bend their knees. It is important to know the symptoms of this injury in order to provide first aid in a timely manner.
You can also pull the muscles of the legs with a strong tension while running or walking, or squatting with heavy dumbbells, without having done a pre-workout. Ankle sprain most often occurs when the ankle unnaturally arches outward and the ligament that connects the knotted part of the bone on the outside of the leg, breaks or stretches. This is largely due to sports, sports games that require movement around the site, for example: volleyball or tennis. But you can twist your ankle when you go climbing or just when jumping from a height.
The knee, more than other parts of the body, is subject to sprains due to incorrect landings, after jumping in mobile sports or skiing. Ligaments on the hands and wrists are most often stretched or torn when falling, when the whole body weight rests on the arms, and they simply do not withstand this load.
When stretching requires complete rest of the joint and a tight bandage. Immediately after getting injured, you need to apply something cold, especially with light injuries. But for injuries of a moderate degree, the patient is given an injection of novocaine and a bandage (pressing) is applied, and after 3 days physiotherapy and massage are prescribed.
- The emergence of severe pain, in which a person can not walk and move the joint;
- Numbness appears in the area of the damaged joint or limb;
- There is a strong and large redness, as well as hematomas in the damaged area;
- The joint cannot move or, on the contrary, its mobility becomes strongly pronounced;
- Cod formation in the affected joint and sharp, piercing pain;
- Chills, fever and other symptoms of fever;
- For several days after injury, the pain does not go away.
Sprain: treatment of folk remedies
- Often for the treatment of sprains apply the following tool: chopped onions should be mixed with 1 tbsp. sugar and apply a thick layer of the resulting mass on cotton cloth, and then apply it to the affected area.
- The remedy helps perfectly, which is prepared as follows: 7 cloves of garlic pour 500 ml of wine or apple vinegar and 100 ml of vodka, then insist 2 weeks in a cold dark place, regularly shaking the mixture. Then strain, add 20 drops of eucalyptus oil, mix thoroughly. Apply this composition in the form of a compress on the affected area.
- When stretching the tendons and muscles will help a cold compress and comfrey infusion. You can also use diluted in cold water alcoholic pharmaceutical tinctures of calendula or comfrey. They need to be diluted in the following proportions: for 300 ml of water 1 tbsp. l tinctures. The cooler the colder the better. You can also make hot dairy compresses, which should be changed as they cool.
- For sprains and sprains, it is recommended to make applications of raw potatoes. It is even better to mix fresh or salted cabbage with raw potatoes and grated onions with sugar, combine all this with clay and make an applique for the night. Another clay can be diluted with yogurt.
- When stretching or dislocating the arm, boil green elderberry in a small amount of water, add 1 tbsp. drinking soda. After cooling broth in it, you need to immerse your hand to the shoulder for a while.
First aid for sprains
Almost every person at least once faced with a sprain. There are 3 degrees of severity of this injury: 1st - the gap of a small amount of fibers, which is accompanied by a slight pain and does not limit the action; 2nd — partial rupture of ligaments, accompanied by edema, hematomas, severe pain, stiffness of actions; 3rd — completely torn ligament, with acute pain, severe swelling, activity restriction, large hematomas.
The very first aid in stretching the ligaments is to provide immobility and rest to the victim. He also needs to take a comfortable sitting or lying position in which he will not move the sore limb and, if possible, raise it so that the puffiness does not go further.
To reduce pain and swelling, immediately after receiving damage to the affected area should be applied cold, preferably ice. His pieces need to be placed in a plastic bag or a heating pad made of rubber, wrap a towel and attach to the sore spot for 20 minutes. This manipulation can be repeated several times intermittently, each for 30 minutes. It is impossible for ice to be in contact with the skin for a long time, as this can impair blood circulation.
Also, the affected limb should be fixed with an elastic bandage or compression bandage. To reduce puffiness and pain, in the first days pills and ointments are used, which have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
During the next 3 days after stretching, the movement of the damaged joint is strictly forbidden, because exercise can lead to even more injury. You should also avoid baths and bathing in hot water, kneading and rubbing, because they can provoke the appearance of even greater swelling and even hemorrhage.
Alcohol is also strictly forbidden, because it increases the swelling of tissues and slows down the recovery process.
All these restrictions are sufficient for minor injuries. After getting rid of swelling and pain, you should begin to perform exercises aimed at recovery, gradually increasing the load. They help strengthen muscles and prevent stiffness in the joint. Excellent results will also be given by massage and warming procedures.
But if the injury is serious, then you should immediately consult a doctor, he will prescribe an x-ray of the joint to you to rule out the possibility of a fracture or dislocation, as well as determine the extent of the injury. The doctor will also apply a fixation bandage and, if necessary, prescribe medications and a rehabilitation program. In severe cases, surgery may even be required. And with untimely or improper treatment, complications can appear: weakness of the ligaments, a tendency to subsequent damage, chronic pain in the affected area.
Urgent consultation of a traumatologist is required in the following cases:
- Virtually no mobility of the affected joint;
- Deformity of the joint is visible and the limb is in an unnatural posture;
- Acute and severe pain, pronounced bruising and swelling;
- Body temperature rose to 37.5 degrees, the skin around the injury is hot and red;
- After 3 days after injury the improvement does not occur.
To prevent sprains, you should regularly perform various physical exercises that act to strengthen the ligaments and muscles. Activities that involve lifting weights can only be started after a warm-up workout has been performed. Your weight should be kept normal, because the extra kilos also increase the load on the joints and ligaments. If injury could not be avoided, provide first aid to the injured and immediately consult a doctor.