Spondylosis of the lumbar spine is a disease of the musculoskeletal system, which has a chronic nature. With the development of this disease, deformation of the intervertebral discs occurs, as well as sprawling of the surface of the vertebrae of the bone tissue, which manifests itself in the form of spikes and protrusions.
As a result, this leads to the beginning of a narrowing of the spinal canal and the intervertebral foramen, which in turn exerts strong pressure on the nerve roots. All of the above phenomena lead to a restriction of the natural mobility of the spine. Quite often, this disease is accompanied by osteochondrosis.
Deforming spondylosis of the lumbar spine: symptoms
In order to be able to avoid this unpleasant disease, it is worthwhile to become more familiar with the causes that can provoke the beginning of its development.
Most often lumbar spondylosis occurs as a result of:
- Curvature of the spine;
- In the elderly;
- When maintaining a sedentary lifestyle;
- In the case of a serious violation of the proper metabolism, which in turn leads to the appearance in the body of an excess of lime salts;
- Rendering heavy loads on the spine over a rather long period of time (several years);
- Micro injuries or spinal injuries.
Spondylosis of the lumbar spine is manifested by symptoms such as:
- Loss of sensation and numbness of the legs, which is most often manifested after a long walk or a long stay on the legs;
- The appearance of false lameness, which can manifest itself as a result of discomfort in the area of the buttocks and thighs;
- Feeling of stiffness in the spine;
- With prolonged rest or during movements, unpleasant painful sensations may appear, which often give up in the leg.
Of course, these symptoms are rather blurry, especially if the disease is at an early stage of development. But at the same time, they are the most characteristic signs of the onset of spondylosis, which is localized in the lumbosacral region.
Also, unpleasant pain can almost completely disappear when in the prone position, when tilted, or if the patient curls up. First of all, this phenomenon is directly related to the fact that decompression of the nerve roots will occur.
Radiography techniques, as well as computed and magnetic resonance imaging, are used to diagnose this disease, since they make it possible to more accurately see the onset of the characteristic degenerative changes.
Spondylosis of the lumbar spine: treatment
The basis for the treatment of this disease is the inhibition of the destructive processes in the spine that have begun, as well as the complete elimination of pain. During exacerbation of spondylosis, the doctor may prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, Ketonal, Movalis, Indometacin, Ibuprofen, Diclofenac), analgesics (for example, Ketorol, Baralgin, Novocain), which can be not only in the form of tablets, but also ointments, injections.
After the acute period is completed, the following measures must be taken without fail - massage, special therapeutic exercises, physiotherapy, reflexology, as well as manual therapy.
The most important thing is that manual therapy should be performed only by a professional, while it should be gentle. Intensive massage and the implementation of techniques aimed at stretching the spinal column are strictly prohibited.
Include in their number physiotherapy procedures and the use of diadynamic currents, electrophoresis, ultrasound. All medicines will be directed to the affected area.
In spondylosis, remedial gymnastics is aimed at effectively strengthening the weak muscular frame - this is a certain group of muscles that is responsible for the spinal column. It is recommended to perform special exercises that help not only preserve, but also significantly improve impaired spinal mobility. Performing all physical activities should take place in certain positions at which the spine is unloaded - for example, in the prone position or standing on all fours.
In extremely rare cases, the patient is scheduled for surgery, which may be needed only when there is serious pressure on the spinal cord.
In order to prevent the onset of the development of the disease, it is recommended to regularly follow fairly simple preventive measures, which include the following:
- Try to avoid weight gain;
- Completely exclude the possibility of severe hypothermia;
- Food should be rational and balanced;
- To prevent the likelihood of increased loads on the spine;
- Perform regular physical activity;
- Go swimming;
- Perform Eastern gymnastics exercise.
Spondylosis: what is it?
If a person suffers from spondylosis, most often, the onset of degenerative changes begins to occur after 30 years and this process is not accompanied by any characteristic symptoms. Injuries to the neck, back, spinal canal stenosis, as well as the presence of a herniated disc may provoke the development of the disease.
Spondylosis deformans can trigger the onset of dystrophic changes occurring in the intervertebral disc and calcification of the ligamentous apparatus in the area where the attachment to the edges of the vertebral bodies takes place. Next is the transformation of calcified cartilage into bone growths. Most often, the elderly and the elderly suffer from deforming spondylosis.
To provoke the beginning of the development of this disease can be hard physical work, as well as constitutional predisposition. Spondylosis may develop as a secondary lesion, subject to serious injury. But in this case, the disease does not appear immediately, but it takes some time. It is also possible the appearance after the disease, which may be not only infectious in nature.
Those changes that provoke spondylosis can affect almost any part of the spine, however, it is the lumbar region that most often suffers, since it is the one with the greatest functional load.
The course of this process may not be accompanied by any symptoms, and the disease is most often diagnosed by chance, during a routine examination or treatment of any other disease.
But, at the same time, quite often there are cases when patients complain about the appearance of non-permanent pain in the back, and they can significantly increase with changing weather. There is a feeling of quick fatigue, significantly reduced mobility when turning the head or torso, when bending.
The sooner the treatment of spondylosis is started, the more likely it is to prevent its further development. In this case, self-treatment is strictly prohibited, which can only aggravate the situation and provoke the occurrence of more serious consequences. After the doctor performs the appropriate tests, examines the patient and makes an accurate diagnosis, individual treatment will be prescribed, taking into account the stage and severity of the disease.