The knee is the largest joint in the human body. Throughout his life, he is exposed to external influences and bends millions of times, which shows how strong and important this compound is. Pain in the knee joint can be associated with various causes, such as illness, injury, overload. What if my knee hurts and is swollen?
Types of pain
Depending on where exactly pain occurs, these types of knee pain are distinguished - anterior, external, internal and popliteal:
- In front of the knee, pain occurs when, for any reason, the front side of the thigh and lower leg, the patella, the joint and patella joint, the quadriceps muscle are affected.
- Pain in the back of the knee, as a rule, is felt with disorders related to the joint capsule.
- Internal pain in the knee touches the gap of the knee joint and the inside of the thigh, as well as the lower leg with surrounding soft tissues.
- External pain in the knee refers to the iliac-tibial tract, as well as to the surface of the tibia, including the surrounding soft tissues.
In addition, it is necessary to distinguish acute and chronic knee pain. Acute pain in the knee joint usually begins suddenly and lasts from several hours to days. Chronic pain syndrome often develops insidiously and lasts longer - from six weeks to three months.
Causes of pain in the knee
Knee pain can be caused by a variety of reasons. These include illnesses, injuries, distortions and overloads and abnormal knee loads. The most common cause is arthritis, which develops as a result of the wear and tear of cartilage, which leads to a loss of lubricity of the knee joint and to a painful syndrome during friction of the articular surfaces.
Other common causes of knee pain include:
- knee inflammation, arthritis or chases;
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- knee injuries, such as the cruciate ligament or meniscus;
- parasitic and superimposed knee loads, for example, due to obesity or excessive exercise;
- distortions of the knee joint;
- instability or stiffness of the knee.
We study the symptoms
Depending on the cause of pain in the knee, there may be various signs accompanying it. As a rule, it is a sudden acute pain in the knee, which is burning, stitching, aching, cramping or pulling. Sometimes it can be accompanied by restriction of movement, blockage or instability in the knee joint.
External signs also include inflammatory swelling, redness, bruising, and increased temperature of the skin around the knee. Chronic pain manifests itself in the form of similar symptoms, but as a rule, they develop gradually over several months or years and become intense for a long time.
The nature and intensity of knee pain is often situational. It can occur under load, when the knee is swollen without a bruise and it hurts, for example, when walking or climbing stairs, as well as at rest, as when sitting with legs bent or lying down at night.
What needs to be done?
What to do when the knee is swollen, and when walking hurts and crunches? In order to treat pain in the knee properly, it is first important to diagnose the cause of the pathology that has arisen. The first and most important step is a consultation with a doctor or an orthopedic specialist who will conduct a thorough physical examination with various movement tests.
To assess the state of the bone structures of the knee joint, ligaments, menisci and cartilage, visualization methods can be used:
- x-ray examination;
- ultrasound procedure;
- Magnetic resonance imaging;
- if inflammation of the knee joint is suspected, a puncture may also be performed for the articular fluid intake and further laboratory analysis.
Depending on the cause of pain in the swollen knee when flexing, the treatment may be different. In most cases, conservative treatment measures are initially applied. These include physiotherapy and drug therapy with anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs.
If these measures do not improve the condition of the knee joint, surgical methods of treatment with arthroscopy, cartilage cell transplantation or endoprosthesis replacement can be used. In extremely severe cases, an artificial knee joint is implanted.
Folk remedies for pain relief
Sore and swollen knees - what to do? Try simple "old-fashioned" ways to treat joint pain.
Horseradish with potatoes:
- Fresh potatoes and horseradish root are ground on a grater or grinder, the ingredients are taken in the same proportions.
- The rubbed mass is mixed and laid out evenly on the sore knee, and wrapped around the top with cling film.
- The duration of such a compress is 35-40 minutes. Therapeutic mixture can not be used more than twice. Full course - one week.
When knee pain is accompanied by swelling inflammation, calendula is the best remedy:
- For the procedure using the plant a whole bush. It is poured with water and brought to a boil.
- Then let it brew for 15–20 minutes, remove the calendula and apply it to the injured knee.
- Top wrapped with gauze, moistened in the broth, cling film and thick warming cloth.
- The duration of the procedure is 30-35 minutes. Make a compress is best in the evening shortly before bedtime. The course of treatment is 4-5 days.
If the joint pain has visited you for the first time, you can, of course, use folk remedies to relieve symptoms, but only to make it easier to get to the doctor. Remember that neglected disease in one joint can lead to systemic polyarthritis.