One of the most common problems associated with the oral cavity is gingivitis. Usually, people attach little importance to it, although without proper treatment, this problem can become serious and cause complications. What should I do if my gums are inflamed, my cheek is swollen, or if my gums are bleeding? How can you help yourself at home?
Sometimes this inflammation begins without any noticeable symptoms, and only after a while a person discovers problems with the gums and teeth. The most common signs of gum disease are:
- pain with pressure;
- swelling of the gums, lips, cheeks;
- shakiness of teeth;
- itching and throbbing;
- bad breath;
- exposing the base of the teeth.
What causes gums to inflame?
There are several causes of gum disease. They are associated both with the processes occurring directly in the oral cavity and with diseases of various organs and body systems.
The most common cause of gum problems is insufficient and untimely oral hygiene. Food debris that settles in the spaces between the teeth and gums, promotes the multiplication of bacteria and forms plaque. Over time, it is converted into tartar, which is a particularly favorable environment for pathogens that cause inflammation in the gums.
Avitaminosis, stress, unhealthy diet and many other factors affect the body's immunity. It can lose the ability to fight bacteria, which leads to the spread of infection.
Too hard a toothbrush and too intense tooth brushing can damage gum tissue, which can lead to inflammation.
Besides the fact that smoking contributes to the reproduction of microorganisms in the oral cavity and reduces immunity, nicotine contained in cigarettes reduces bleeding. This is fraught with the fact that a person notices the problems with the gums immediately, but only when periodontitis appears, and it becomes very difficult to cure the oral cavity.
Substances contained in certain drugs reduce the amount of saliva, which leads to the development of infection and inflammation of the gums. This includes some painkillers, contraceptives, drugs for epilepsy, neurosis, diarrhea, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, as well as antidepressants and antihistamines.
Fillings and crowns
Poorly made fillings, crowns, bridges and dental implants can cause inflammation in the gums, traumatizing them. Poor-quality filling material can also cause the gum to inflame and swollen cheek near a recently filled tooth. Loose fitting fillings and orthopedic structures contribute to the accumulation of food particles in the gaps between the gums and teeth, which leads to the proliferation of bacteria.
Sometimes a tendency to gum disease can be transmitted from relatives.
Advanced stage of caries and pulpitis
The lack of timely treatment of caries and pulpitis contributes to the fact that the disease can spread further, affecting the gums.
Hormonal disruptions during pregnancy affect the blood supply in the body, which often provokes inflammation of the gums.
Diseases of internal organs
Diabetes mellitus, gastrointestinal problems, leukemia, and endocrine system diseases directly affect the gums.
The gum is inflamed and the cheek is swollen: what to do?
If you find yourself showing signs of inflammation of the gums, it is urgent to begin treatment. Without it, the disease can go into the chronic stage, periodontal disease, gingivitis and periodontitis, and provoke the disease of other organs and systems, since the infection in the oral cavity is carried by the bloodstream throughout the body.
If your gums are inflamed and sore, what should I do? It is better to immediately seek help from a specialist - he will determine the cause of the process and give recommendations for a particular case. In some neglected situations it is necessary to use antibiotics, which you will be helped by a dentist or periodontist. But to remove the acute inflammatory process, you can help yourself.
How to rinse? At home, if the gum has become inflamed, rinsing with:
- potassium permanganate;
- hydrogen peroxide.
What herbs can be helpful? A very good effect in inflammation of the gums can give rinsing at home with decoctions and tinctures of such plants as:
- St. John's wort;
- Oak bark;
If you add to a warm herbal decoction 1-2 tsp. honey, this rinse will give an additional antiseptic and healing effect.
What ointment will help? Best known for inflammation of the gums:
- metrogil Dent;
Often, the composition of ointments, gels and sprays for the gums contain antibiotics, so it is best to consult with your doctor and find out whether it will not harm you or that substance in the composition of the medicine.
If you follow these recommendations, you can not only prevent inflammation in the gums, but also help get rid of existing ones. The main thing is to start taking measures (at least at home) when the very first symptoms occur. Rinsing and ointment will help alleviate pain in the gums and cheek, and after the problem subsides, it is worthwhile to work to eliminate its global cause.