Everyone knows the expression "lump in throat". Usually, this is how we want to express our overwhelming feelings and emotions. But what if in fact something interferes with throat when swallowing? Let's look at the main causes and diseases that can cause such sensations.
Why does a lump in the throat occur?
The feeling that something is stopping the throat can be a serious symptom and appear suddenly for no apparent reason. For proper treatment, you must first establish the root cause of this condition. Consider the main causes of coma in the throat.
Causes of non-medical nature
If the sensation of a foreign body in the larynx appeared while eating, then the reason lies in a piece of food that is stuck in the esophagus. A similar phenomenon may occur due to the consumption of dry and coarse food, fish stones, seeds and peel. In this case, you can deal with the problem yourself. To do this, try to push a lump in your throat with a small piece of bread crust, yogurt, drink water or tea. If the foreign body is in good visibility, then you can gently get it with tweezers.
Not so often in adults the cause of a coma in the throat is the ingestion of small household items, such as pins or needles. This situation is extremely dangerous and requires immediate medical attention.
A lump in the larynx can also be a problem with ingestion of medications. Fearing pills or drinking too much can lead to the drug getting halfway to the esophagus. In this case, the following measures should be taken:
- drink liquid yogurt, a glass of water, kefir or tea;
- eat some food. In this case, be sure to look at the instructions for the drug: is this action acceptable?
To avoid such cases, the tablet or capsule can be divided into smaller parts or grind into a powder.
What diseases can indicate a lump in the throat?
If the possibility of contact with a foreign body is excluded, then you should pay attention to diseases, which may be a symptom of a lump in the throat. These include:
- sore throat, laryngitis and other inflammatory processes in the larynx;
- disruption of the endocrine system of the body;
- pathologies of the digestive system;
- spinal disorders;
- malignant and benign neoplasms;
- diseases of the nervous system.
The feeling of a lump in the throat is often accompanied by the following symptoms:
- painful cramps when swallowing saliva or food;
- the appearance of cough;
- heartburn and belching;
- pain in the abdomen;
- feeling like something stuck in the throat;
- feeling of scratching in the throat;
- feeling of suffocation.
It is impossible to determine one or another type of possible disease on your own. Only experienced specialists and laboratory tests will help here. Taking certain medications can also cause a feeling of coma in the throat as a side effect.
Psychosomatic causes of a coma in the throat
For psychosomatic reasons worth paying special attention. If a person is physically healthy, and the feeling that a lump in the throat prevents to swallow does not pass, this is a psychological problem. It is this disease that the doctor diagnoses, if after conducting additional research other reasons are not found.
Psychosomatic causes of coma in the throat can be:
- stressful condition;
- depressive disorders;
- psycho-emotional stress;
- lack of sleep;
- excessive fatigue.
Psycho-emotional problems are no less important than physical ones. To solve them, timely diagnosis and treatment will help. The psychotherapist will prescribe a complex treatment with the use of antidepressants, sedatives and vegetotropnyh drugs.
It is important to remember that even with the right treatment, without the help of the patient himself, it is not enough. Try to allocate more time for sleeping, relaxing and walking in the fresh air. Avoid serious experiences and nervous breakdowns, surround yourself with only positive emotions. It will not be superfluous to enroll in respiratory gymnastics courses. Also in such cases, the use of soothing infusions of herbs chamomile and sage.
What if a lump in my throat prevents you from swallowing?
If you are tormented by the sensation of a lump in the larynx, then, first of all, you need to make an appointment with the therapist to find out the reason. After a meaningful conversation and general examination, the doctor will give a referral to the necessary specialist - this can be an otolaryngologist, a gastroenterologist, an endocrinologist, an oncologist, or a neuropathologist. If these doctors have not revealed any abnormalities, then the psychotherapist will help to cope with the problem.
In order for the doctor to give an exact conclusion as to why there is a lump in the throat, such diagnostic methods may be needed:
- Analysis of urine;
- analysis of thyroid hormones;
- examination of the mouth, root of the tongue and palatine tonsils;
- biochemical and general blood tests;
- ultrasound scan of the thyroid gland;
- computer, magnetic resonance imaging, as well as x-rays of the spine and its departments.
The above tests do not pose any danger to the body, but only help specialists to determine the exact causes of the disease. Treatment methods for coma in the throat are directly dependent on the results of research.
If you have a feeling that something is stopping your throat, then you should not make such serious mistakes as attempts at self-treatment. A timely visit to the doctor will help to quickly resolve emerging health problems and avoid the development of serious diseases. Take care and be healthy!