The most common violations of the rhythm and consistency of the heart include tachycardia. With this unnatural state, the frequency of heart muscle contraction grows several times, which indicates dangerous disorders in the area of the cardiovascular system.
This pathology may be exposed to both men and women in old age. Recently, however, more and more often traced among young people. Consider the signs and symptoms, that is, what is sinus tachycardia of the heart, what sinus tachycardia occurs in a child and during pregnancy.
What is sinus tachycardia?
Before you know how to treat this disease, you need to understand how dangerous it is. The reason is the specificity of the heart muscle. The fact is that this body does not "obey" the nervous system, it functions fully autonomously.
However, this does not mean that the muscle can function without a jolt. The source of the push is the sinus node (a lump of heart tissue that is responsible for rhythm). Sinus tachycardia is formed when a failure occurs in a natural “instrument”. There may be a variety of reasons for this, the consequences of which are very difficult to handle.
For a long time without oxygen, it steadily leads to coronary heart muscle and brain disease. Further, fibrillation of the ventricles occurs, contracting as a result of this, unevenly. Drug medications will not be able to perform their functions, and the effectiveness of blood circulation equals zero.
Causes of sinus tachycardiaand
According to statistics, this disease is more susceptible to the female. Conventionally, the causes of the disease can be divided into two categories - etiological and cardiac. A type of sinus disease can signal disorders of the left ventricle or speak of heart failure. Key reasons:
- Chronic heart failure.
- Severe pain in the sternum (angina).
- Defects in the structure of the heart.
- Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart of a bacterial nature.
In the most common situations, the causes relate to physiology - emotional stress, power loads on the body, and congenital heart defects. However, there are also neurogenic tachycardias, which are based on neurosis, psychosis.
Sinus tachycardia: symptoms
Symptoms of the disease manifests itself depending on its stage. Main symptoms:
- Heart palpitations.
- It hurts the heart.
- Feeling of heaviness
When an adult patient has sinus tachycardia, treatment may be conservative or operative. In the first variant, if the diagnosis is sinus tachycardia, treatment with drugs is prescribed in the complex: sedative, vitamins, antiarrhythmic. However, conservative treatment is not always successful.
In some cases, surgery may be required. For example, if the cause of tachycardia is hormonal. Through the operation, a neoplasm or some part of the gland is removed. Tachycardia in children is treated with "soft" methods of drug treatment. Cardiac surgery is prescribed only for congenital heart defects.
During pregnancy, sinus tachycardia increases, but, this is a common condition when carrying a child. The future mother needs to rest and everything will return to normal.
What will quickly help from tachycardia? Source: http://womeninahomeoffice.com.ru/zdorovie/narodnaya-mediczina/bolezni-i-lechenie/ © womeninahomeoffice.com.ru
In conclusion, it is worth noting that if there is already a diagnosis of tachycardia, it is still necessary to get rid of bad habits (alcohol, smoking), and to engage in treatment. If everything is allowed to take its course, problems can be very deplorable. However, the sooner you pay attention to the symptoms, the more successful the treatment process will be.