While some claim that there is no dysbacteriosis, others are trying hard to get rid of it. What is this disease and what are its symptoms? Let's call the main signs of intestinal dysbiosis in women so that you can react to such a disorder in the work of the digestive system in time and correctly.
Disease that is not?
Many physicians (especially Westerners) do not consider that dysbacteriosis is an independent disease, but they call it only a symptom of other diseases. Be that as it may, this phenomenon is quite common, so it deserves a separate discussion.
Dysbacteriosis is a violation of the normal intestinal microflora, in which the content of beneficial microorganisms in the gastrointestinal tract decreases, but the pathogenic sphere sharply increases. As a result, all sorts of dyspeptic disorders and reduced immunity appear. This disease often affects residents of big cities. Among the patients a considerable number of women.
Many-sided disease: and this is all dysbacteriosis!
Those who have dysbacteriosis, waiting for a lot of trouble. Not to notice such a problem is simply impossible, as there are always painful and specific signs of intestinal dysbiosis in adults.
Symptoms may be absent in the initial stages. But this is a temporary lull: the disease is progressing. In the battle between beneficial and harmful microorganisms, harmful microbes prevail. They begin to multiply actively. All this provokes such unpleasant feelings:
- upset stool. The patient is followed by diarrhea. Its cause is in increased peristalsis of the intestines and excessively active formation of bile acids (in elderly people, instead of diarrhea, they can be constipated);
- fecal masses begin to smell of rot, they often contain an admixture of blood or mucus;
- increased gas formation. Gases accumulate in the intestines. This provokes painful and unpleasant symptoms in the peritoneum of a woman;
- rumbling in the stomach;
- pain cramping character. Since the accumulated gases exert pressure, it provokes severe discomfort. The intensity of the pain decreases after an act of defecation or discharge of gas. The pain is most strongly felt in the navel (if the problem is hidden in the small intestine) or on the right side in the lower abdomen (if the large intestine is affected);
- dyspeptic disorders. They are expressed in lack of appetite, belching, nausea and vomiting, unpleasant taste;
- allergy. An imbalance of bacteria affects the work of other systems and organs. Because of this, the patient may experience a rash, itching. It is caused by foods that have never given such symptoms before;
- general intoxication. As a result of the vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms, a large amount of toxins is formed. There is a poisoning of the body with these toxic components, which provokes a rise in temperature (up to 38˚). Fatigue appears, sleep is disturbed. The patient is often worried about a headache;
- vitamin deficiency. When dysbacteriosis disrupts the absorption of substances necessary for the body. Therefore, he begins to suffer from a lack of vitamins. This is expressed by the following symptoms: dry skin, stomatitis, stuck in the corners of the mouth, deterioration of hair and nails.
Signs of intestinal dysbiosis in women coincide with those in men. The only feature concerns the treatment. If it is accompanied by vaginal dysbiosis, then you will have to additionally use ointments and suppositories.
What will help diagnose?
Primary diagnosis involves examining the patient (palpation of the abdomen) and the examination of her complaints. Microbiological analysis of feces should also be carried out. For such an examination, it is necessary to go on a diet 3 days before the delivery of the material (remove food that provokes fermentation from the diet); all medications are also canceled. To get a true result, the analysis is performed 2 or 3 times with an interval of a couple of days.
Do I need to be treated? And what kind of medicine?
If we ignore the warning signs that dysbacteriosis gives, then it can become chronic and provoke other more serious diseases, including pancreatitis, enterocolitis, gastroduodenitis, sepsis. Therefore, treatment must be prescribed. It is carried out comprehensively.
How to treat intestinal dysbiosis, what drugs to use for this, exactly determine the attending physician. The standard layout looks like this:
- probiotics (they contain live bacteria) - Linex, Bifidumbakterin, Bifikol, Flonivin, Enterol;
- prebiotics. Promote the growth and reproduction of "good" bacteria - Hilak-forte, Duphalac;
- symbiotics - Bifidobak, Maltodofilyus. Fill the deficit of beneficial microbes;
- antibiotics. Used strictly as prescribed by the doctor - Cefuroxime, Doxycycline, Ceftriaxone, Metronidazole, Ampioks;
- sorbents (eliminate the effects of intoxication) - Enterosgel, Sorbex, Smekta, Enterodez;
- antifungal - Levorin;
- multivitamin complexes - Duovit.
How to use herbal medicine?
If the symptoms allowed to identify intestinal dysbiosis, treatment in adults can support folk remedies. They can and should be used to accelerate recovery and reduce the severity of manifestations.
The encyclopedia of medicinal plants contains many simple and effective ways to get rid of dysbiosis. Excellent alternatives are:
- rice water;
- fresh garlic (it should be swallowed whole on an empty stomach one hour before breakfast);
- tincture of oak bark;
- decoctions of chamomile, calendula, St. John's wort, nettle, horsetail.
Do not forget to drink kefir and try not to use products with chemical additives. And make life easier for your intestines by eliminating fatty meats, ice cream, sweets, vinegar, marinades, smoked meats, whole milk, coffee and alcoholic beverages from the menu.
Do you still think dysbacteriosis is a serious disease? Better not joke with such ailment! Remember: self-treatment rarely ends in complete recovery. So that you do not have to again and again discover the symptoms of this disease, ask the doctor for help.