Epilepsy. This word alone evokes a mixture of horror and curiosity in the inhabitants. And parents of a child with a similar diagnosis generally fall into despair. How to help your child? Is it possible to recover from this scourge? And how to recognize the signs of epilepsy in a child? These and other questions you will find answers in our article.
Fatigue disease and its causes
The origins of such fears should be sought from the time of the creation of the world, because for quite a long time people suffering from epilepsy were considered witchers or possessed by the devil. However, epileptic seizures often occurred in priests, wise rulers and philosophers. Then this disease caused awe-fearing awe.
Today, scientists have managed to figure out and find out that epilepsy is a chronic disease of the brain, which is in no way connected with the action of otherworldly forces. You need to know that a person can overtake this disease at any age: from the first days of life and to old age. But most often, signs of epilepsy occur in children under 15 years of age. And in the group of the greatest development of the disease are children from the age of one to 10 years.
There are a lot of possible reasons for this:
- violation of the formation of soft tissues in the period of prenatal development of the child;
- oxygen starvation of the fetus;
- trauma of an infant during childbirth;
- infection settled in the central nervous system;
- hereditary deviations;
- congenital intracranial lesions - tumors, hygroma, abscess.
Often, new parents face the first signs of epilepsy in a child in the form of acute febrile seizures between the ages of 3 months and 5 years. Of course, moms and dads are not morally prepared for such a spectacle. However, you should not be afraid, but first you need to take the child to the doctor, because not every cramp is a direct symptom of the development of epilepsy.
Often, children prone to epileptic seizures suffer from nightmares, often wake up with tears in their eyes and are generally very shy. Sometimes these guys can walk in their sleep at night, that is, suffer from sleepwalking. However, this does not mean that every lunatic is automatically recorded in the category of epileptics. Children who roam at night, doctors account for up to 15%, but patients with epilepsy of them - only 5%.
Those who are older may complain to their parents of frequent headaches, which are often accompanied by nausea and vomiting. True, to determine these signs of epilepsy in children under one year, unfortunately, is impossible, if only because the child simply did not learn to talk.
How to help the child during the attack?
Experimenting children and treating them with traditional medicine is absolutely impossible. Epilepsy is incurable, but many of its conditions and symptoms today can be successfully stopped with the help of drugs.
Most often, an epileptic seizure in a child lasts no longer than three minutes and does not cause serious damage to the brain. Parents are able to help the child survive the attack as painless as possible, but for this you need to know certain rules:
- If there are signs of epilepsy in a child under 2 years old and older, first of all, it is necessary to lay him on the floor with his back, placing a soft roller under his head.
- Keep away any dangerous items that your child may be injured. Do not attempt to open your jaws with a spoon, fork or knife.
- Gently turn your head to the side and with the appearance of vomiting without effort, hold the child in this position.
- Do not try to pour any liquid or medication into your mouth at the time of the attack.
- As soon as the cramps stop, try not to disturb the baby and give him a full sleep.
And the main rule - never panic, act clearly, quickly and carefully.
We are of one blood
A few years ago, scientists in Europe conducted a study in which healthy children and people with epilepsy took part. In the course of the work it was found out that the guys practically do not differ from each other. They also go to school and miss classes, they are not inferior in mental development. True, epileptics more often went to the doctor about their underlying disease, but less were exposed to colds and infectious diseases.
Until recently, children with such a diagnosis were strictly forbidden to play sports. Today, these restrictions are somewhat lifted. Of course, it is impossible to go to the judo section, boxing or start skiing, since there is a high probability of a blow to the head. But the overall physical development is welcome.
If a child does not lag behind his peers in school, does a good job with homework, and besides that he wants to study further, parents should not interfere, but on the contrary, they should help their children carry out their plans.
Children with epilepsy can not bask in the sun, and in general in summer you can only walk in the panama. These guys can not take a bath or shower, go to the river or take a dip in the pool, because the time of attacks can not be set to exactly one minute. In all other respects, healthy children are absolutely no different from epileptics. And even when they grow up, they will be able to live peacefully in an adult world.