It can be asserted with sovereignty that practically the entire population of Russia has grown in manka. This product is notable for its ease of preparation, high nutritional value and excellent taste. Is it really necessary for children and adults? Can semolina bring with it not only benefits, but also harm? How can you save the vitamins contained in cereals, and is it really possible to lose weight by eating semolina - let's understand!
What make semolina?
The so-called semolina is created from 2 varieties of wheat - hard and soft. For the beginning, the grains are cleaned from the chaff, and then ground to a practically flour-like state. The grain diameter of the finished semolina does not exceed 0.25-0.75 mm.
If you like our semolina, know that its benefits and harms are largely determined by the correctness of the choice of cereals. When buying this product, pay attention to the label applied to the package. The letter "T" means that the cereal is made from durum wheat, "M" - from soft, "TM" - from a mixture of grains. The following illustration will help you to get acquainted with the nutritional value and differences of semolina made from different varieties of wheat:
Experts recommend choosing semolina, made from durum wheat. Observe this rule should be to all who seek to lose weight. In addition, the cereals labeled "T" or "TM" contains the maximum amount of nutrients.
The uniqueness of semolina and its useful properties
Few people know that semolina is digested not in the stomach, but in the lowest part of the intestine. This unique feature allows you to include porridge in the menu of patients undergoing surgery. Such food does not burden the digestive tract organs, clears them of mucus, and promotes the removal of fats. If you are interested in what semolina is useful for, keep in mind that crushed wheat contains many substances necessary for the full operation of the human body:
- minerals: potassium, necessary for the full work of the heart, iron, zinc, etc .;
- vitamins B, E and PP.
The high content of starch - almost 2/3 of the total mass of cereals, provides semolina porridge ability to quickly saturate the human body. This product is rich in carbohydrates, it is best to use in the morning to get an excellent boost of energy.
Who should and should not use semolina porridge, than it can be harmful?
Numerous studies conducted by dietitians have confirmed that a rich carbohydrate composition and the maximum amount of gluten make semolina useful for adults. Due to the absence of fiber, it lingers in the stomach for a maximum of 1-2 hours, without overloading it. At the same time, the tender texture of porridge envelops the walls of the mucous membrane. This dish is for people who have only undergone a serious illness or surgery.
But the benefits and harms of manna porridge for children are no longer so straightforward. Here are the main factors that do not include semolina in the diet of children from 6 months:
- This croup contains gliodin protein, thinning the intestinal mucosa and interfering with the full absorption of beneficial substances. The same substance often leads to allergic reactions in the child;
- gluten, or gluten, can also be the cause of sensitization. The substance contributes to damage to the villi covering the walls of the lower part of the children's intestines;
- Another component of the decoy is phytin, saturated with phosphorus. He is able to combine with calcium, removing it from the child’s body. In addition, it prevents the full absorption of zinc, magnesium and iron. As a result, with the constant use of semolina, a child may suffer from rickets, decreased immunity, serious disturbances in the functioning of the nervous system;
- lack of fiber in combination with a large amount of gluten often leads to digestive disorders, which is fraught with diarrhea or constipation;
High starch content is dangerous for children and adults prone to various diseases of the respiratory system, such as asthma, chronic cough, etc. In addition, residents of countries with a humid climate should refrain from eating semolina in order not to put additional strain on the lungs.
But if there are no such restrictions, there can be a place in the schoolchildren’s ration for semolina porridge. The main thing is to give it to children no more than 2-3 times a week. It is best to use this product in the morning when the child needs a powerful charge of energy.
Semolina in dietary nutrition
It is believed that semolina is a high-calorie product that promotes rapid weight gain. However, this statement is fundamentally wrong. Many porridge, whose properties are largely dependent on the correctness of the preparation, can even be used to reduce body weight! This diet allows you to get rid of fat deposits, at the same time improving the condition of the digestive tract and liver.
What should be dietary porridge? The calorie content of this product can be relatively low if you cook it in water, without adding sugar or salt, butter, jam or other fillers. The nutritional value of the resulting dish will be only 80 kcal. By including it in your diet, you will provide your body with an excellent charge of energy, without loading it with extra calories. For comparison, the caloric content of semolina cooked in milk reaches 100 kcal.
To lose about 5-7 kg, you should use semolina on water, without oil, salt, sugar and other additives, at least once a day for a week. It should drink up to 2 liters of water and limit the use of sweets. The optimal menu for weight loss - 3 meals a day, consisting of portions of semolina and fruit, the amount of which should not exceed 100 grams.
The rules for making healthy semolina
One of the advantages of this dish is its cooking speed. As you know, most of the beneficial substances contained in any products, volatilizes during heat treatment. To avoid this effect, you should not boil, and steam the semolina. To do this, it should be placed in water, the temperature of which is equal to 90-95 degrees. Cover the rump with a thin stream, actively stirring it to avoid the formation of lumps. Then you should cover the dishes with porridge cover and wait literally for 1-2 minutes. This time is sufficient for the full swelling of the grains.
With this method of cooking semolina retains all its vitamins and minerals. Fans of sweets can add some nuts and ground dried fruits to the finished porridge - the nutritional value of the product will grow even more.
Semolina is known to each of us since childhood, but we know far from all of it. The benefits and harm of this product largely depend on the correctness of its preparation and reasonable alternation with dishes containing other cereals - corn, buckwheat, etc. Following the recommendations of nutritionists, you can use semolina to correct your weight, get energy and improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal organs .