The human body is designed in such a way that it tells us about all the problems with some unusual, but noticeable manifestations. Here and scarlet blood from the anus during defecation - a reason to necessarily find out the cause of such an unpleasant symptom. Moreover, even minor blood loss can be a symptom of serious diseases.
Urgently to the doctor!
Just think: about 20 diseases can manifest scarlet blood on toilet paper after a chair! The most common are:
- diseases of the digestive system (from hemorrhoids to intestinal tuberculosis);
- blood problems (including leukemia);
Whatever the reason, the algorithm of actions should be one - an urgent appeal to a specialist. If you don’t even have any idea why the blood came out of the anus, then go to an appointment with a general practitioner, and he will send you to a specific specialist after studying the history.
If you understand the causes of the release of scarlet blood when defecating from the anus without pain and with pain, it is important to take into account the associated symptoms.
About 2/3 of people who have already celebrated their 45th birthday suffer from hemorrhoids. The mechanism of the appearance of the disease is reduced to the fact that the veins of the anorectal region are expanding, during defecation the tissues are damaged, and bleeding opens. In addition, the patient observed:
- deterioration of the general physical condition;
- itching in the anal area;
Treatment consists of stool normalization. Dietary, laxatives are recommended for this (senade, prebiotics, etc.). Also in the fight against hemorrhoids are used:
- rectal suppositories to stop bleeding (Proktozan, etc.);
- pain relief ointment;
- sclerotherapy (laser correction);
- operational methods of treatment (if other methods did not give the desired results).
Cracks in the anus
If you are plagued by constipation, then your anorectal region experiences stress from hard stools (sometimes from bathing products), which manifests itself with cracks. Another symptom of the violation of the integrity of the epithelium is pain in the process of defecation. Only a doctor can detect a crack, but he will be determined with treatment only when he excludes other, more serious, concerns. Usually therapy includes:
- diet with fiber to normalize stools;
- ointment with nitroglycerin;
- laser sphincter correction (to eliminate spasm).
The ulcer is provoked by bacteria, so even a temporary lull of pain syndrome periodically turns into a storm. Damage to the mucous membranes may expand to such an extent that perforation is formed in the tissues of the stomach. In addition to bleeding, patients complain of recurrent pain after eating any food. Treatment of ulcers is traditionally carried out in two directions: taking antibacterial drugs and, if the mucous membranes have already appeared, laser correction or surgery.
Blood circulation disorder in the liver leads to the expansion of blood vessels and veins in all tissues. Varicose veins can manifest itself:
- weight in the stomach;
- bloody vomiting;
- dark feces.
Therapy for varicose veins is the treatment of the liver, taking drugs to relieve heartburn. If the blood loss is large, then a special inflating tube is inserted into the esophagus. In difficult cases, artificial connections are created between the veins of the liver.
The proliferation of the surface of the intestinal mucosa often does not cause any inconvenience. However, increasing, it causes not only the release of red blood during emptying, but also:
- difficulty defecation or diarrhea;
- mucus in the feces;
- pain in the gastrointestinal tract.
Polyps are removed by surgery, and then the biomaterial is sent for examination for the presence of atypical cells.
One of the first symptoms of colorectal cancer is also red blood in the feces. Moreover, the lower the tumor, the brighter the color of bloody discharge. In addition, the focus of the development of atypical cells provokes:
- frequent constipation or, conversely, diarrhea;
- pain in the gastrointestinal tract;
- bloody vomiting;
- sharp weight loss;
- general physical weakness;
Oncological diseases in the intestines can be asymptomatic for years, therefore they are often diagnosed accidentally and due to other health problems. But if cancer is detected in the initial stages, then it can be defeated by removing the tumor focus and chemotherapy.
A bubble that forms on the inner wall of the intestine and bulges outwards, provokes an inflammatory process. Accompanied by diverticulosis:
- pains in the abdominal cavity, often on the left;
- sometimes - sharp jumps in body temperature.
Treatment of the disease is aimed at eliminating the source of inflammation and stopping bleeding. In severe cases of diverticulosis, part of the intestine is removed.
The course of many infectious processes adversely affects the gastrointestinal tract, leading to erosions and ulcers. Their development can be indicated not only by bleeding, but also:
- increased body temperature;
- dark stool.
The treatment is chosen individually, including antibiotics and drugs that support the immune system.
With the defeat of blood cells, as well as the proliferation of tumor cells in the bone marrow, bleeding in the intestine is possible. This is due to mutations in the blood cells, replacing them with blast structures that do not perform the required functions. Treatment includes cytostatics - drugs that prevent the growth and development of "wrong" cells.
Successful treatment depends on the correctness of the diagnosis. To establish the cause of the appearance of red blood from the anus, use:
- rectoscopy (examination of the state of the lower intestinal tract, prescribed for cracks or hemorrhoids);
- colonoscopy (study of all changes in the large intestine);
- irrigoscopy (x-ray examination with contrast);
- gastroduodenoscopy (examination of the duodenum and stomach with an endoscope);
- laparoscopy (examination of the abdominal cavity and simultaneous biopsy).
Red blood from the anus during defecation is not always a signal of a terrible disease. But this is a reason to contact a specialist for procedures that will allow you to make the correct diagnosis and begin timely treatment. Do not forget that only attentive attitude to your health will keep you in good health, and sometimes even life.