The consonance of the words "thyme" and "savory" gave grounds to assume that this is either the same plant or close relatives. Is it so? To understand the difference between thyme and savory, you need to get to know each of them. The only thing that can be argued is completely different plants, among the points of contact that have only a common family and belonging to medicinal herbs.
Savory and Thyme: photos and main characteristics of plants
The savory has the Latin name satureja hortensis, which no longer gives any reason to see the similarity between it and the thyme. The plant is an annual, can reach a height of 70 cm, the bushes often form dense, dense thickets. It can grow as a hedge, but is mainly valued for its services in cooking and traditional medicine. Its spicy aroma and taste allowed to give it the name "pepper herb".
- Interestingly, the chemical composition of this plant contains up to 5% protein and a large proportion of essential oils. Its main focus is the strengthening of immunity, antihelminthic effect, disinfecting and fixing. It is necessary for intestinal disorders and to stimulate the appetite. In tandem with the yarrow, it not only works as a hemostatic agent, but also raises the general tone, it invigorates perfectly. In addition, it is scientifically proven that savory is also effective in cancer.
- As a food product, savory is an excellent seasoning for any meat and salad, especially on the basis of cucumber; can be used as a breading product. Its ability to facilitate the absorption of heavy meals is highly valued in dietetics.
And if savory and thyme are different herbs, then thyme and thyme are the same plant with the Latin name thymusserpyllum. Spicy medicinal herb of the family yasnotkovyh, part of the ground cover group. Perennial, the height of the bushes does not exceed 20 cm, it blooms from mid-summer to its end, forming small pink-purple flowers, with magnificent caps covering the top of each shoot. In the garden, it is usually used as a background for a flower bed, center or border of a flower garden, garden path. Due to the fact that the thyme bushes do not spread out in breadth, the initial form will be maintained throughout the year, which allows you to fill certain areas in connection with the intended design.
- In folk medicine, creeping thyme is valued for its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties, the ability to relieve fever and ease pain cramps. Thyme-based decoctions make it possible to separate sputum from the lungs and bronchi, to calm the nervous system. However, the use of this herb is undesirable in pregnant women, as well as in case of hepatic and renal failure, disturbances of a cardiological nature.
Savory garden: growing from seed and caring for a plant
It is possible to grow savory from seeds both in the open field and on the windowsill, however, a large container is needed here, because the bushes are quite tall. Cut the tops can be 2 times a year, after which they need to be dried and stored in a dark, cool place.
- Per 1 sq.m. usually there is only 300 g of seeds, which indicates a high degree of germination of savory. Due to the good endurance of the plant, it can be sown even under the snow, but in a snowless winter you will have to cover the area with seedlings with thick cloth and fir spruce branches.
- The savory needs a very nutritious soil, so when digging a plot there must be humus (up to 6 kg per 1 square meter), and a complex fertilizer should be added to the seedling substrate. Before sowing the earth is moistened. If the sowing is made under the winter, then the site should be wetted a day before the procedure.
- The land in the garden can have any chemical composition, but the savory most appreciates the beds on which cabbage, tomatoes or cucumbers were previously, or the areas where organic matter was added. However, it is much more important to choose such a zone where there will be an abundance of sunlight, since savory is very light-requiring.
- Sowing is carried out on the grooves, the depth of which is 0.5-1 cm, and the distance between them should be at least 15 cm due to the active growth of savory.
- The plant is planted on seedlings in March, in open ground - when the earth will quietly loosen: the end of April or the beginning of May. Subwinter seeding can be carried out at the end of October.
- Professionals recommend pre-holding the seeds in water (18-24 hours), and also treat them with a weak solution of potassium permanganate to improve their quality. After that, the seeds must be dried on parchment, and they can be dipped in the substrate.
- After sowing, the grooves need to be covered with sand, moistened, covered with foil or thick cloth. Before the emergence of shoots (9-10 days), the material is removed only to moisten the ground, and it is advisable to keep the container with seedlings away from sunlight.
If necessary, the seedlings can dive, but often this is not necessary. In open ground seedlings can be taken out in 3-4 weeks after sowing. If the cultivation was carried out immediately at the dacha, the covering material is removed for 14-15 days.
Further care for the savory consists only in rare watering (usually the plant has enough natural moisture), weeding and loosening. Primary cutting is done at the very beginning of flowering, the tops are removed until the branching of the shoots.
Despite the fact that savory is an annual plant, it will not be necessary to repeat its sowing, since the flowering shrubs start reproduction by self-sowing, and without additional care, these seeds take root perfectly.
Creeping Thyme: growing at home
Thyme can grow not only in the dacha, but also on the windowsill, where it is grown no longer as an ornamental shrub, but for medicinal or food purposes. As a spicy herb, it is ideal for meat and fish dishes, sauces, marinades. It can be used in herbal infusion or decoction, as well as to add flavor to any tea. To this end, during flowering, the tops are collected from the inflorescences, after which they are dried and crushed.
Growing thyme, as well as savory, under the power of any gardener, the technology does not require much effort:
- Spread the drainage material along the bottom of a small tank (10-15 cm high), pour the soil from above, which is recommended to be combined with a small amount of sand for looseness.
- Seeds that are separated at a short distance from each other are buried in the moistened substrate: the thyme has good germination, therefore the seedlings will sit tightly.
- From above, it is necessary to scatter sand (layer 1 cm), re-moisten. Covering the container with a film is not necessary - it is much more important to put it in the shade and monitor the preservation of soil moisture.
After 3-4 weeks you can move the pot to the window, and after 2-2.5 months. cut the seedlings for their use. Thyme care includes only watering as the land dries out, as well as rare application of mineral fertilizers.
How many common features can be found in thyme and savory? Not too much. These herbs are, of course, relatives, but they are completely interchangeable, have different indications for use in medicinal purposes, and even outwardly it is simply impossible to confuse them. But, definitely, each of these herbs is worthy of its cultivation as in the summer cottage, and on the windowsill.