Our ancestors also noted the unique healing properties of the microclimate formed in salt caves. Subsequently, this natural "technology" was effectively introduced into the system of physiotherapeutic procedures. Today, the device of salt caves is used in areas such as halotherapy and speleotherapy.
Halotherapy is a ground-based, artificially created room that faithfully replicates the features of natural underground salt caves. A specially created microclimate affects the condition of people staying there in a miraculous way! Certain environmental conditions are constantly maintained by special equipment.
Speleotherapy (from the Greek speleon - cave) - therapy by finding the patient in a characteristic microclimate. The basis of the treatment mechanism is a visit to halochambers or natural salt caves.
The first experience of speleotherapy
For the first time purposefully for medical purposes, natural mineral and hot underground sources began to be used in Italy in the 19th century. Only a few decades later the microclimate of the caves itself became exploited for its intended purpose.
This practice was also adopted by other countries. For example, in the United States under the conditions of the Mammoth Cave, tuberculosis patients were treated. But soon, due to the inefficiency, the technique was no longer applied.
Throughout Europe, speleotherapy began to be actively used only in the 1950s. But in Britain, the technique has not taken root.
Confirmation of the healing effects of salt caves was found in the 40s. Using one of these caves as a shelter, the German doctor Karl Spannagel noted the extraordinarily positive effect of the microclimate of the cells on the respiratory system of people. Especially changes for the better were observed in those suffering from asthma, bronchitis and whooping cough.
Further, several experts are exploring this non-pharmacological method of therapy, and in 1969 the International Union of Cavers initiates the creation of the Commission for Speleotherapy.
The first hospitals appeared in 1968 and in 1977. It used natural opportunities. And only in 1982, the first ground halochamber was patented.
The benefits and harm of salt caves
To understand how useful speleochamber is in treating various respiratory diseases, let us turn to statistics first. After numerous studies, the following results were obtained.
Indications for use and the result of improvement:
- asthma by 76%;
- bronchitis - by 76%;
- sinusitis - a 71%;
- tinnitus (tinnitus) - by 43%;
- respiratory allergies - by 89%;
- allergic dermatitis - by 92%;
- depression - by 71%;
- rheumatism - 80%;
- chronic fatigue - by 94%.
In the treatment of certain diseases, the therapeutic benefits of salt caves are invaluable. The use of salt caves is noted in other cases:
- During the session, oxygenation of the blood occurs, which in turn leads to an increase in the immune defense of viruses and infections.
- Treatment of almost all ENT diseases.
- Cosmetic effect on the condition of the skin (nutrition, cleansing, renewal). As well as a beneficial effect on the hair follicles.
- Regenerating and wound healing properties.
- Halotherapy has found its display in the fight against smoking, used as a substitute for tobacco smoke. Note that subsequently smokers get rid of addiction, and their respiratory organs return to normal.
- The complex of balneo and SPA procedures of medical and recreational and cosmetological institutions.
Despite such a wide range of positive effects on the body, the salt cave can be harmful. For example, with open bleeding and cancer. People who are claustrophobic will not be able to fully relax in the caves. Drug and alcohol addicts are also not recommended for such procedures.
According to reviews of doctors, contraindications of salt caves are noted with:
- coronary insufficiency;
- any forms of tuberculosis;
- exacerbation of bronchopulmonary diseases;
- extensive intoxication of the body;
- kidney disease;
- hypertension II-III degree.
But the salt cave during pregnancy, if gestation proceeds well, can contribute to an increase in mood, providing a general beneficial effect on the health of the expectant mother. Sometimes during pregnancy, a salt cave is specially appointed, for example, if a woman has previously smoked or worked with harmful substances, has pathology or inflammation of the respiratory tract. However, the procedures are carried out under the strict supervision of doctors, and the appointment itself is the prerogative of the specialist.
Salt cave is contraindicated during pregnancy, if there is:
- acute toxicosis;
- increased anxiety, suspiciousness;
- panic attacks due to being in tight spaces;
- cardiovascular failure;
- impaired metabolism;
- complicated during the gestation period.
Indications and contraindications of salt caves: reviews of doctors
Irina Arkhipova, pediatrician: "There is a halotherapy room in our children's hospital. Procedures are shown to young patients with asthma in remission, with recurrent bronchitis, pharyngitis, rhinosinusitis. Kids get a special" uniform "(shoe covers, hat, gown). In the room there is comfortable chairs, pleasant music sounds, the lighting is muffled. Usually one of the parents is in the cell with the child. The special healing microclimate is maintained by a constant flow of air saturated with chlorine aerosol sodium chloride.
Usually, 10-12 procedures are enough for the child to reduce or completely cough, reduce or stop suffocation, and nasal breathing becomes easier. The composition of the aerosol has a bactericidal and bacteriostatic effect on the microflora of the respiratory tract of the baby. Procedures I recommend to take place not only in the complex of direct treatment of respiratory diseases, but also as a preventive measure. "
Anatoly Stremoukhov, MD: "I am convinced that there is a great future for halotherapy. I do not exaggerate, because the positive effect of the use of salt caves as a method of treatment and prevention of various pathologies has been repeatedly proved.
Nevertheless, one should not forget that not in all cases halochambers will have a positive effect. I do not recommend without special purpose or at least a substantive consultation with a specialist, to self-medicate. Also pay attention to the list of indications and contraindications. Even in the absence of a special purpose, I advise from time to time to attend such procedures. This is a great relaxation method. Reliable preventive help in the fight against possible viral and infectious attacks on the body. Restorative effects on the body, plus the improvement of tissues, organs and systems. Children and adults who regularly attend such treatment rooms for a long period provide their body with effective protection. "
The effects of halotherapy on the children's body:
- immunoprovelable, exchangeable;
- improving the functionality of the respiratory organs;
- improved oxygenation processes;
- reduction of allergic reactions, elimination of inflammation, high-quality cleansing of the bronchi;
- positive effect on the nervous system and the emotional mood of the child.
Impact on adults is similar to the positive effect of salt caves on children.
To heighten the effect, it is desirable to resort to treatment courses, as a single visit can have a short-term result. The maximum positive effect is achieved after 10-15 procedures 40-60 minute stay in the halochamber. Note that in the first times there may be an increase in the symptoms of the disorder (this is normal).
It is mandatory to consult with a specialist before visiting. Salt caves can be assigned: pediatrician, therapeutist, pulmonologist, otolaryngologist, physical therapist.