Children explore the world in all possible ways: they stroke homeless cats and dogs, taste edible and inedible things. Plus, our children love ice cream and cakes. They always run the risk of catching dangerous bacteria, which is why salmonellosis is so common in children. Not all parents know the symptoms of this disease. Correct this error.
What is salmonella and how easy is it to pick up?
Every year, up to 2 million people suffer from salmonellosis, a significant proportion of whom are children (especially toddlers and preschoolers). Carrier of infection - Salmonella bacterium. It attacks not only people: animals, wild and domestic birds, rodents are ill with such a disease. To date, scientists have been able to detect up to 2.5 thousand varieties of Salmonella. They all choose to breed food. And by their appearance, smell and taste you would never guess that Salmonella settled there.
There are many sources of infection. These are meat and dairy products that are not properly processed; eggs and dishes in which they are used. Parrots, turtles and hamsters, which are very often carriers of salmonella, are able to share the bacterium with a child. You can become infected from a sick person. Possible airborne transmission of infection. Dirty water is also a common source of infection.
The disease is dangerous, recovery depends on how quickly salmonellosis is detected in children. And the treatment can not be carried out by folk methods. In this case, they will not give the desired effect, since no grass will kill the bacteria.
Signs of danger that gives the disease
Expect to meet with the bacterium is most of all in the summer-autumn period. The first signs of salmonellosis are found 1-2 days after infection. Since this is a typical intestinal infection, its symptoms are practically no different from a severe intestinal disorder.
The child has the following signs of the disease:
- severe vomiting;
- loose and frequent stools (in the stool are found blood clots and elevated mucus content). The feces are green, frothy and very offensive. Diarrhea is observed from 5 times a day and more;
- cramping abdominal pain;
- rumbling in the intestines;
- chills, high fever (38-39˚);
- bone aches;
- lack of appetite;
- the tip of the nose and lips of the child become bluish;
- general malaise, weakness caused by loss of fluid;
- gradually develop symptoms of poisoning of the body - pallor, decreased mobility, dry mucous membranes, white plaque on the tongue;
- as a result of dehydration, the renal canals suffer, resulting in a decrease in the amount of urine excreted. The child rarely goes to the toilet "in a small way";
- palpitations may increase, the child becomes covered in cold sweat, he has cramps;
- infants often regurgitate, they can sink a spring.
In children, the disease may not begin as acutely as in adults. Symptoms become most pronounced only by 3-4 days.
How do different forms appear?
If contact salmonellosis has occurred in children, the symptoms (in addition to the above signs typical of all types of this disease) may be:-
- with typhoid form - delirium, fever, confusion, hemorrhagic rash. The disease lasts up to 2 weeks. The abdomen is inflated, the liver is enlarged, severe pain develops in the right hypochondrium;
- with dyspeptic - flatulence, vomiting, in the feces - undigested food residue. Diarrhea bothers the child for a long time and after recovery;
- with septic (which is rarely diagnosed, but is the most dangerous), the temperature rises to 40 and above, affects the membranes of the brain. Symptoms of poisoning are, but not so intense. This form is most often fixed in newborns and children under 3 years old.
What will be the treatment?
Do not even try to cure salmonellosis in a child by yourself! Remember that children sometimes die of this disease, so urgently call an ambulance and take the baby to the hospital.
The treatment is carried out according to a strictly established scheme. Therapy includes such drugs:
- for gastric lavage - sodium bicarbonate;
- hemosorption is carried out by Reosorbilakt, Rheopoliglyukinom;
- from dehydration give Regidron, Oralit, Glukosolan;
- antibiotics - Ampicillin, Tsiprolet, Enterofuril, Furazalidone, Levomycetin, Doxycycline;
- intravenous - glucose-saline solution;
- probiotics - Bifibumbacterin;
- immune lactoglobulins, bacteriophages, drugs to restore microflora.
The treatment is carried out comprehensively. It is based on a diet, careful observance of sanitary rules. The room where the sick child is located should be aired and cleaned. The bed rest is prescribed for up to 3 weeks.
It also monitors persons in contact with the patient.
Home Salmonella Protection - Prevention
There are no vaccinations for this disease. Salmonellosis prevention measures help to resist it. They are simple enough, but effective: eggs and other animal products should be well boiled before eating (fry). Parents must instill personal hygiene skills in their child. In order not to get sick, it is better not to swim in places not provided for this and not to drink water from open reservoirs. Do not allow the child to contact wild and domestic birds, stray animals.
If someone in the family picked up this infection, then it should be isolated and separate dishes, towels and hygiene items should be allocated to it.
All employees of kindergartens and school canteens are regularly inspected for intestinal infections (seeding feces for salmonella).
Salmonellosis is an insidious and dangerous disease. It can cause serious complications and even lead to the death of the patient. But if you start treatment in a timely manner, the prognosis is favorable. Moreover, the child is formed immunity for 12 months. Since you can not accurately distinguish salmonellosis from another intestinal infection, for any violations of the gastrointestinal tract, which are accompanied by fever and repeated vomiting, immediately contact your doctor.