Rotavirus infection is a type of acute intestinal virus that is activated in the internal environment when conditions are favorable for it. It affects mainly babies aged 6 months to 2 years. If the child has become very passive, if he has frequent vomiting, diarrhea and fever, it is possible that this pathogen has penetrated his body. Treatment of rotavirus infection in children should be initiated immediately to avoid complications.
General information about the disease
Rotavirus infection (RI) is also called in medical practice rotavirus gastroenteritis and rotavirosis. In the people it is called gastric or intestinal flu. The source of infection can be a healthy carrier of a microorganism or a sick person. Virus multiplication occurs in the structures of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. The "pest" comes from the feces, and this happens from the first days of the disease.
Transmission of rotavirus is carried out through contaminated food. Therefore, unwashed foods and dirty hands are the number one threat. Very careful should be with dairy products: it is particularly susceptible to infection. Pathogens can live in the refrigerator for a long time. Chlorine does not affect them either.
The second route of transmission of the virus is airborne. As the microorganisms infect the respiratory tract, the pathogen RI is secreted along with coughing and sneezing. It penetrates the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines. The target mainly becomes the small intestine, which leads to the occurrence of comorbidities - enteritis.
The incubation period of rotavirus infection lasts 1-5 days. Microorganisms can affect adults as well, but their disease is mild and goes faster. As soon as the first symptoms of RI appear, the person becomes dangerous to others. Recovery usually occurs within a week. After that, the patient develops a strong immunity to the disease, but there are rare exceptions.
Rotavirus Infection: Symptoms
In young patients, acute progression of the disease is observed: a sharp increase in temperature, vomiting, and diarrhea. The chair changes with time. On the first day, it has a liquid consistency and a yellow color with a sharp unpleasant odor, then the shade changes to a yellow-gray clay-like. Patients also have rhinitis, redness in the throat and discomfort when swallowing. Children are very sluggish, capricious, refuse to eat.
In most cases, gastric flu begins like this: an infected baby has a passive state and nausea in the morning, even vomiting on an empty stomach, sometimes with mucus. The child eats badly, after eating, vomiting occurs again with undigested pieces. Often, vomiting also occurs after a fluid enters the stomach, if its volume exceeds 50 ml. The temperature rises, and in the late afternoon it reaches 39 degrees or more. To bring it down is quite difficult, and such numbers on the thermometer can hold for about 5 days. In small children, who still do not know how to talk, the symptoms are also expressed in moods, irritability and bubbling in the stomach. The second day of intestinal flu is accompanied by drowsiness.
The above signs are similar to the symptoms of other diseases. Therefore, in any case, a visit to the doctor is inevitable.
Treatment of rotavirus infection in children
There are no specific treatment regimens for intestinal flu. Symptomatic therapy, that is, provides for the elimination of certain phenomena: vomiting, diarrhea, runny nose and sore throat. It is very important to adjust the nutrition, start taking enzyme preparations and restore the water-salt balance, which is disrupted due to illness.
Parents should take such measures.
- With the first symptoms of RI, give the kid an activated angle, Smektu or Enterosgel. They absorb toxic substances, which facilitates the condition of a small patient.
- Provide the child a reclining position. It will be difficult for him to sit, bed rest can lead to choking vomitus. You can not leave the baby alone. As soon as vomiting begins, mom needs to support his head.
- It is mandatory to exclude dairy and dairy products. However, breastfeeding does not apply this requirement.
- Do not force the young patient to eat if he does not want. Vomiting may resume, which will aggravate the situation.
- Ensure a sufficient amount of fluid intake, more than usual. But at a time you need to use some water - a few teaspoons. If you increase this amount, then the child will become worse.
- Restore the water-salt balance. To do this, prepare the solution Regidrona: 1 portion mixed with a liter of water. This liquid to give the patient every 30-60 minutes, 50 ml. Instead of rehydron, you can make sweet water, a decoction of rice or raisins.
Food should be dietary. In the acute phase, the patient should cook sparse rice porridges in water, but without oil (you can sweeten a little), jelly, semolina and chicken broth. Kissel should be prepared at home from water, jam and starch. Feed your baby with small amounts of food.
Rotavirus infection is not dangerous if treated correctly. Competent therapy guarantees complete recovery. It is important for parents to make sure that the child drank water as often as possible and was at rest. A symptomatic treatment will get rid of such unpleasant consequences as vomiting and diarrhea.