Today, the appearance of a person is of great importance. This is not just an indicator of health, but also a social factor that reflects the success of an individual. Scruffy people with oily hair, pimples on their faces are repelled, they cannot achieve a significant climb of the career ladder. There are many familiar skin problems with modern medicine, one of them is rosacea.
Rosacea: causes of pathology
Rosacea is a chronic skin disease, the main symptom of which is persistent hyperemia (redness) of the skin of the face and the formation of bumps, pustules and other manifestations. In about 50% of cases, rosacea occurs with eye damage.
To date, the exact cause of rosacea is not known, but still there are many theories about the development of this disease. So, there is an opinion that the basis of the formation of rosacea is an increase in the sensitivity of the vessels of the face to various types of influences. In cases of sickness, in response to stimuli, the superficial vessels of the skin expand, but in healthy people they do not provoke any reactions.
On the one hand, many theories have a basis, but they do not find 100% confirmation. One of such is the theory of a microscopic tick - Demodex. This tick is found in the sebaceous glands of the hair follicles. It was believed that this he could provoke a special disease - demodicosis, which later becomes the cause of rosacea. But today it has been proven that demodex can be diagnosed in perfectly healthy individuals. Most researchers give demodex a minor role in the development of the disease. Detection of this tick can not be the cause of development, but the result of skin changes.
According to another theory, the appearance of pink acne is associated with gastritis. It is explained by the influence of bacteria, namely Helicobacterpylori. In addition, some medications can be provocateurs for rosacea, such as corticosteroid ointments that cannot be applied to the skin of the face.
Most often, the disease develops in women in the premenopausal period. But still rosacea is characteristic of men. It is believed that people of northern areas are genetically predisposed. In addition, risk factors include diseases of the digestive tract, most often gastritis. Disorders in the endocrine system, such as menopausal syndrome, diabetes, etc. Various kinds of failures in the immune defense, although this factor is interpreted differently.
Cold or heat, wind, alcohol, prolonged exposure to the sun and various emotional outbursts can provoke an exacerbation. By the way, according to more detailed studies, the stress factor in the formation of rosacea was not unequivocally proven. In the course of the study, it was rather proved that it is the already developed disease that influences the psychological state of the patient.
Symptoms of rosacea:
- The main symptoms of rosacea are persistent facial flushing, most often redness extends to the central part of the face — forehead, nose, chin and cheeks. But redness can go to the chest and back. In addition to redness, rashes on the face of the skin will certainly form, at first, against the background of redness, small pinkish tubercles are formed, which are called papules, gradually, they turn into pustules - pustules, acne and blackheads.
- In the area of redness, seals form, but such manifestations most often appear in the late stages of the disease. The expansion of the vessels, which protrude to the red vascular grid, is gradually noted.
- Most often in men rhinophyma is formed - persistent induration and hyperemia of the skin of the nose. In addition, eye damage is formed. It is manifested by redness, dryness, a sensation of sand or a foreign body in the eyes. Rosacea does not pass on its own, but its manifestations may appear, and then disappear for a while.
- You can talk about the beginning of rosacea, if the patient has a reddening of the face easily and often. For men, special attention should be paid to such a symptom as reddening of the face after drinking.
How to treat the disease?
It is worth remembering that rozoatsea can go into more severe stages that are difficult to heal. For example, a strong expansion of blood vessels and rhinofoma. For these reasons, the appearance of rosacea is the reason for the urgent request for medical help from a dermatologist. Timely disease can not only save from the manifestation of rosacea, but also prevent the development of the disease. Unfortunately, there is no panacea for this disease, but almost 90% of patients have the ability to control the manifestation of acne. It is strictly forbidden to engage in self-treatment.
Rosacea treatment can be local and general. By local means the use of various ointments, creams, for example, starters with ichthyol, naphthalan. Traditionally used cold lotions, using medicinal herbs - yarrow, celandine, etc.
For the treatment of the main forms of rosacea, antibacterial drugs are often used, but the complexity of the choice makes them use only after the doctor is appointed. There are also more complex treatments that are resorted to in more complex cases.
The course of treatment can last from several weeks to several months, because rosacea is a chronic pathology that is impossible to get rid of. Recently, treatment of rosacea on the face implies the use of electrocoagulation - exposure to a weak electric current, cryodestruction - exposure to liquid nitrogen. Dermabrasion - special types of laser can also be used.
For the treatment of rosacea, some forms of peeling can be used, but at the same time, many types of this technique are under study. Modern physicians, dermatologists prioznostirozatsei use combinations of treatments. In this case, separate means and methods are selected according to indications. Everything will depend on the stage of the disease and the severity of clinical symptoms.
In order to protect yourself from rosacea, you need to follow a few simple rules. First of all it is necessary to try not to abuse the sun's rays, not to overheat and not to supercool. In addition, you should avoid hot drinks, hot spices and alcohol, which one way or another can cause gastritis or provoke its aggravation. Women need to use high-quality cosmetics and care products that do not contain alcohol and various irritants.