Who knew a lot about seeds was Indians of North America. People were able to read their favorite products. The sunflower was a symbol of the sun god and even called it the "flower of the sun". Cult constructions were decorated with his images, and the flower itself was embodied in the form of statues of gold. Can you imagine something like this today? Interestingly, did the Indians know that roasted sunflower seeds could be eaten, the benefits and harms of which are still being studied?
Roasted Seeds: A Tour of History
Spanish adventurers, the conquistadors, brought sunflower seeds together with the golden statues of sunflower when they acquired the first dacha plots in New Mexico, back in the 16th century. In Russia, this product, first in the form of an ornamental plant, appeared thanks to Peter I, an ardent admirer of everything western and advanced. And it was already in the XVIII century.
In addition to decorative use in county front gardens, the peasants quickly adapted to the use of sunflower seeds. During this occupation, they spent long winter evenings right up to 1829, when the serf Count Sheremetyeva invented the extraction of oil from these black seeds. Since then, the millstones of the creamery have curled up so that to this day you cannot stop it.
Today, sunflower is grown on an industrial scale almost worldwide. Here you have the history of worship of a single food product - from golden statues to a banal shiny bag with the word "Semki" in front.
The composition and caloric content of roasted seeds
To understand the usefulness of seeds, you need to study their composition. They contain a large amount of nutrients:
- vitamins - beta-carotene, thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), folic acid (B9), niacin equivalent (PP), choline, E (TE), A (RE) ;
- trace elements - zinc, manganese, selenium, iron;
- macronutrients - potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, sodium.
The energy value of 100 g of the edible part of the seeds is:
- proteins - 20.96 g;
- fat - 52.71 g;
- carbohydrate -10.01 g;
- food fibers - 5.05 g;
- water - 8.02 g;
- ash - 2.87 g;
- NZh acids - 5,72 g;
- starch - 7.3 g;
- monosaccharides -3.42 g;
- caloric content - 602.1 g.
The benefits and harms of roasted sunflower seeds
Who invented frying sunflower seeds and then gnawing them is unknown. But it is known that 2000 years ago, the Indians used sunflower seeds as a staple food. They baked bread from them, made nutritious ingredients from the seed, dried them in the form of balls, and ate them in long hikes. Seeds were used as a medicine for fever, applied to wounds from snake bites. Pollen of flowers and petals were processed into paint for fabrics and tattoos.
What is useful seeds?
Immediately I must say that raw sunflower seeds are the most beneficial, because in the process of frying, succumbing to heat treatment, they lose almost half of their properties and microelements. If, nevertheless, you cannot use raw seeds, it is better not to fry them, but to dry them slightly. By the way, 150 g of raw or dried seeds will help you overcome insomnia.
The presence of skins ensures the safety of useful elements during long-term storage. In sunflower seeds, the fats in their composition are quickly oxidized, which is of no use. But the monotonous process of clicking the seeds, according to experts, calms the nerves.
In addition, sunflower seeds bring such benefits to our body:
- normalize the pH balance in the stomach (help with heartburn);
- inhibit the aging of cells;
- contribute to the strengthening of epithelial cells;
- stimulate the heart, serve as prevention of heart attack and atherosclerosis;
- relieve symptoms of pain in the liver and gall bladder;
- prevent hair loss;
- have a beneficial effect on the reproductive system of women and men.
If there are no sunflower seeds, you can click the pumpkin. What are pumpkin seeds good for? They will help reduce blood pressure, contribute to improving metabolism, will not be superfluous in the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system and the digestive tract, bladder. Pumpkin seeds are also irreplaceable for male potency.
What harm bring roasted seeds?
The first minus that roasted sunflower seeds carry is a very high calorie content. That is why they should not be abused by people with obesity. Those who snapping sunflower seeds risk becoming a patient of the dentist because of the destroyed enamel. Dust from the peel can cause poisoning. Seeds are contraindicated in patients with gastric ulcer, gout, enterocolitis.
The current state of ecology and soil pollution is the cause of the high content of heavy metal cadmium in sunflower seeds. Cadmium is harmful to the body because it is poorly derived from it, and accumulating, contributes to the development of severe pathologies. When purchasing a product, make sure that the sunflower is grown in an ecologically clean region.
At the end of our conversation, I would like to give some advice to those who fry sunflower seeds on their own:
- be sure to rinse them with water;
- roasting seeds is best in a cast-iron pan;
- warm the pan in advance, and the seeds can be poured immediately after washing;
- in the process of frying, do not forget to stir the seeds, so that they do not burn.
As you can see, roasted seeds bring not only benefit but also harm to our body. That is why their use is primarily important sense of proportion. Follow the advice of experts and eat properly!