Rheumatoid arthritis is an insidious disease affecting the fingers. The illness appears suddenly and begins to progress rapidly. To cope with it is quite difficult: for this you need qualified medical assistance. How to recognize rheumatoid arthritis of the fingers and its first symptoms?
Arthritis and arthrosis: what is the difference?
Arthritis, like arthrosis, is rheumatoid disease. For people without medical education, the differences between these concepts are erased, but they are important for determining the course of therapy.
Osteoarthritis affects the cartilage of the joints. They stop working at full strength, can not cope with the load, there is pain when moving. Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints, which is accompanied by a variety of symptoms. One of the main problems is pain, which worries not only when moving, but also in a calm state.
The reasons why arthritis occurs are still not completely known to scientists. There are many factors that can push for its development:
- impaired metabolism;
- injuries leading to joint damage;
- infectious diseases;
- bad habits;
Professional features also play a significant role in the development of arthritis. For example, musicians, athletes, jewelers (all whose work is connected with the tension of the hands) are more susceptible to this disease than others.
If arthritis is not treated in time, it becomes chronic and entails many unpleasant consequences. Joints gradually deform, lose their functions. A person feels limited movements, pain, which brings him inconvenience and suffering. Ailment adversely affects cardiac activity, resulting in an imbalance in the whole body. To prevent this, rheumatoid arthritis of the fingers must be recognized in time, especially since its first symptoms are difficult to confuse with anything.
The first bells of the disease are swollen phalanges of the fingers. Gradually, the arthritis also covers the wrist joint. The pain is most felt at night, and subsides in the morning. A little exercise, simple exercise can alleviate the condition. However, with the development of the disease seizures occur more frequently.
Gradually, rheumatoid nodules become visible. They then disappear, then reappear, causing pain and representing a cosmetic defect of the hands. In addition to damage to the hands, there is also a general deterioration. Its cause becomes severe intoxication of the body. There is a weakness, sometimes there is a fever, the temperature rises.
The further the disease develops, the more pronounced the deformity becomes. Fingers bend, take an unnatural position, lose mobility. Blood circulation in the hands becomes worse, the muscles cease to function.
If you began to notice that the symptoms of arthritis are visiting you more and more often, there is no need to waste time - you should immediately consult a doctor. You can not self-medicate: you can start the course of the disease, and then get rid of it will be extremely difficult.
Stages of the disease
Doctors distinguish several stages of arthritis:
- the first. During this period, you can independently diagnose arthritis, which begins to manifest itself with constrained hand movements in the morning. It is difficult for a person to move his fingers; he cannot open a tap or do basic things related to the movements of his hands;
- the second. Fingers and joints swell, the patient feels discomfort not only in the morning, but throughout the day;
- the third. Deformation of the joints begins. A person is forced to consult a doctor, as he cannot cope with the disease. The course of treatment is to take strong medicines;
- the fourth. The cartilage grows together, the joints become immobile. A patient can be assigned a disability group.
Diagnosis and treatment
If you suspect arthritis of the fingers, the doctor should analyze the symptoms and prescribe treatment. You should not drink drugs without permission or be limited to folk remedies: in a state of neglect, the disease can progress.
To confirm the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and provide treatment to the patient, the doctor will recommend an examination. Here you can not do without x-ray: it will determine the degree of erasing the surface of the bones. Also, the patient must pass a blood test to identify special proteins that appear in the blood during arthritis.
If in time to turn to a specialist, there is hope to restore the mobility of the joints and suspend the course of the disease. In most such cases, the prognosis is favorable.
At the first signs of arthritis, treatment consists of taking anti-inflammatory drugs - Ibuprofen and Diclofenac. They relieve pain and alleviate the condition, but they cannot be fully cured with their help. In parallel, the patient is taking chondroitin and glucosamine. The course of therapy is quite long and even at the initial stage of the disease lasts about 3 months. To improve the nutrition of the joints may prescribe medications that dilate the blood vessels.
Nothing prevents the patient from resorting to the help of traditional medicine simultaneously with the treatment prescribed by the doctor. From arthritis, it is recommended, in particular, to apply warm beeswax mixed with Hypericum oil and pepper to sore spots. Baths with decoctions and infusions of medicinal herbs, such as yarrow, St. John's wort, aloe, will not be superfluous.
Prevention of arthritis is the event aimed at strengthening the immune system: hardening, sports, diet, taking vitamin complexes. Only with careful attention to your health can you succeed in treatment or prevent the onset of the disease. Otherwise, the disease will not leave a chance.