The only salvation from whooping cough, diphtheria and tetanus is vaccination. It should be carried out several times with a certain frequency. It makes parents wonder: is it really necessary to revacciate aksd, how is it tolerated - harder or easier than the first vaccination? We will understand these issues.
Little about vaccination
In the full version, the reduction of DTP is: adsorbed pertussis-diphtheria-tetanus (vaccine). What is this inside the ampoule that helps the child not to get sick with deadly diseases? The vaccine is made from dead cells of pathogens - tiny particles of pertussis microbes, diphtheria toxoid and tetanus.
Its action is that it contributes to the creation of artificial immunity in the baby. Meeting with such infections is extremely dangerous for the little one, his body is not yet able to defeat them on their own. Meanwhile, the mother during pregnancy and breastfeeding did not give him the necessary antibodies. Vaccination mimics the disease and causes the body to mobilize its protective reserves. If a meeting with a real enemy takes place, the immune response will already be strong and adequate.
What is the meaning of revaccination?
Of all the vaccines, DPT is the most discussed on the forums. This is due to two reasons: after it, side reactions often occur, and it has to be done repeatedly. If the child suffered the first “series”, then parents are afraid to expose him to revaccination supplements. How such a procedure is transferred is what bothers them the most.
Why do DPT in three "calls", it is clear to many. The peanut is still too small, his immune system is at the stage of formation, therefore it is impossible to administer a large dose of vaccine to it. But if the child was given the same vaccine three times, then why should he be pounded again?
The fact is that the vaccine does not give a lifelong immunity, over time its protective properties disappear. Therefore, in order to fix the produced immune cells in the body and strengthen them, it is necessary to carry out revaccination.
Schedule of primary and repeated vaccinations
The first time DTP is done in 3 months, then parents must bring their child to the vaccine in 30-45 days (or in 4-5 months). And the third time they should come to the children's clinic for vaccination in 6 months.
In the officially approved vaccination schedule, it is indicated that the prior vaccination of aksd is carried out at 1.5 years or 12 months after the third injection of the vaccine. These are formal rules, but it is not always possible to inculcate a baby on time, because children often get sick. Therefore, it is allowed to conduct revaccination at any time before the child reaches 4 years of age.
If parents did not have time to re-vaccinate their child before the age of four, then revaccination will be carried out with the use of a drug that does not contain the pertussis component (ADS-toxoid) or with a reduced amount of antigens (ADS-M-toxoid).
The second revaccination from tetanus and diphtheria should be carried out for preschoolers from 6-7 years old, then to teenagers at 14 years old. Since immunity to these diseases "lasts" no more than 10 years, subsequent revaccination should be performed with a ten-year interval.-
Who is forbidden to do DPT?
Absolute contraindications for DPT vaccination:
- allergic to any of the components of the drug;
- severe reaction to the previous vaccination (temperature above 40, convulsions);
- NS disease;
- congenital or acquired immunodeficiency.
There are temporary contraindications:
- infections. If it is ARVI, then you can come to the vaccination a week after recovery. After pneumonia, you should wait a month. After severe infections (such as sepsis), planned revaccination of aksd will have to be postponed for a long time (dates are chosen individually, taking into account the severity of the disease);
- chronic diseases in the acute stage. Vaccination is allowed to do only after full recovery (plus a month for recovery);
- neuropsychic shock.
Revaccination or diphtheria: Your choice? What do parents and Komarovsky advise?
If you summarize the opinions of parents, it turns out that 60% of children have undergone re-vaccination normally (without particular differences), 16% survived this event even easier than the previous 3 vaccinations. However, approximately 20% worse suffered exactly revaccination of aksd. The consequences of repeated vaccinations may be:
- temperature rise;
- swelling (up to 8 cm) and soreness at the injection site;
- loss of appetite, moodiness, drowsiness.
Attention is drawn to the fact that with each subsequent vaccination, the overall reaction becomes less, and the local - brighter. As for the "horror stories" that the child’s legs can be taken away, no one reports such problems.
Parents often ask the question how the revaccination of aksd, Komarovsky is transferred. He believes that after re-vaccination, it is not necessary to wait for serious complications, since the pertussis component is no longer present in the preparation. The effects of vaccination are usually limited to temperature (her doctor advises to shoot down at around 37˚) and swelling. As for severe complications, they occur 1 time per million, while the death rate from tetanus reaches 85%!
How to help your child survive vaccination?
How can a mother at home relieve the baby after vaccination? If signs of allergy are detected, an antihistamine should be given as recommended by the pediatrician (Suprastin, Fenistil). At high temperatures, it is necessary to give a febrifuge (Panadol, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Nurofen) or put a rectal suppository (do not give shots!) lubricate with Troxevasin.
So does the child need revaccination aksd? Reviews of parents prove that this is a necessary measure, because otherwise all three previous vaccinations will be useless. But 100% guarantee that there will be no complications, will not give any doctor. In order to somehow be safe, pre-pass the tests and do not spare money on high-quality vaccine.