Renal colic is one of the most painful symptoms. This problem is not an independent disease, but only accompanies violations of the internal organs. Most often, renal colic occurs with urolithiasis, and their symptoms in women are not limited to acute pain in the lumbar region.
Like a bolt from the blue ...
It arises unexpectedly and immediately strikes with unbearable pain - this is the cunning of renal colic. Both men and women are equally prone to this problem. After all, the most common causes of it are stones - in the kidneys, ureter, bladder. According to medical statistics, 60% of cases are associated with urolithiasis. Also, inflammation of the kidney (pyelonephritis), which is accompanied by accumulation of pus and mucus, also leads to such severe pain. With these diseases, internal blockage occurs, pressure on the urinary tract.
Such disorders of the organism can also lead to renal colic:
- twisting or bending of the ureter;
- congenital abnormalities (incorrect location of the kidney, defects in the gallbladder);
- narrowing of the ureteric canal;
- tumors of the kidneys, ureter;
- vascular diseases of the urinary tract;
- renal infarction;
- retroperitoneal hemorrhage.
As you can see, the reasons are universal for both sexes. However, it is worth noting that the risk increases in expectant mothers. In the third trimester of pregnancy, physiological expansion of the upper urinary tract occurs, which can provoke colic.
What are the features to recognize the problem?
When kidney colic begins, the symptoms in women are expressed by intense, intermittently "grabbing" back pain. Painful sensations sometimes appear in the thighs, perineum, labia. Most often, this state makes itself felt at night. The following factors can provoke it:
- strong physical exertion;
- Riding on a rough road (shaking);
- tiresome walking;
- intake of diuretic drugs.
The attack can last from several hours to whole days. At this time, it is impossible to find a position in which the pain will decrease. Renal colic is often accompanied by frequent urination, urinary incontinence, dehydration. Also among the complaints are called:
- feeling of severe dryness in the mouth;
- cramps in the urethra;
- increased flatulence in the intestines.
Renal colic can lead to serious complications. Thus, a woman can increase blood pressure, develop tachycardia, fever. Very strong pain can cause shock. At the same time, the pressure decreases, the skin turns pale and becomes covered with cold sweat, the heart rate decreases, the pulse slows down.
What can be confused with renal colic?
There are other diseases that are accompanied by symptoms similar to renal colic. They may resemble manifestations:
- ectopic pregnancy;
- ovarian tumors;
- acute appendicitis;
- acute pancreatitis;
- stomach ulcers;
- intervertebral hernia.
If this painful condition develops, seek medical attention. Make it very important, because only a specialist can accurately determine the nature and cause of this phenomenon. If it is known that the pain that has occurred is renal colic, then treatment at home can be carried out with the help of hot baths. At the same time, such actions are contraindicated in acute inflammatory and other diseases, the symptoms of which only resemble colic.
Timely diagnosis - successful treatment
Make sure that the cause of pain in women is renal colic, help special studies. Doctors analyze the symptoms and prescribe the appropriate treatment according to the results of diagnosis. The hallmark of this condition - the area of the affected kidney is so painful that it is impossible to touch it.
When the attack passes, the patient must pass a urine test. A sign of colic is usually the presence of blood clots in it, protein, leukocytes.
Also in the complex of diagnostic procedures includes an x-ray of the abdominal cavity. As a rule, intravenous urography is prescribed (x-ray examination of the kidneys, bladder and ureters, in which a special radiopaque substance is injected into a vein). This allows you to detect the displacement of the kidney, analyze the condition of the ureter.
Also usually carried out ultrasound examination of relevant organs, tomographic examination.
Pain relief measures
How to relieve pain if you suffer from renal colic? Reduces cramping pain warming. A heating pad is applied to the lower back and stomach or a bath is taken in a sitting position. The temperature of the water should not exceed 39 degrees.
As already mentioned, it is very important not to be mistaken with the choice of medical procedures in the acute inflammatory process in the kidneys. Pyelonephritis is accompanied by fever. In this case, any warming is contraindicated. To avoid serious consequences, you need to call an ambulance.
To eliminate spasm of the urinary tract and normalize urination, painkillers and antispasmodics are prescribed. In the case of an especially long-term attack, blockade with novocaine is used. As an additional measure, acupuncture and electroacupuncture are practiced. When small stones are found in the ureter, ultrasound treatment is possible, as well as the use of diadynamic therapy or vibration therapy.
Kidney colic is an episode of intense pain that indicates serious disruption to the body. Most often this condition accompanies urolithiasis. Correctly diagnose the problem and prescribe effective treatment can only specialists. Therefore, for symptoms of renal colic, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible.