"A lot of birthmarks - you will be happy" - promises a well-known belief. But are the owners of moles on their faces happy? After all, sometimes it is not about the beautiful "front sights" that give charm, but about those formations that spoil the appearance and bring their hostesses a lot of inconvenience. So how to remove moles? What is the most appropriate way?
Removing moles on the face: what are we dealing with?
A birthmark is a congenital or acquired pigment formation on the skin. It is in everyday life, they were called "moles", and in medicine they are called nevi. As a rule, moles have a rounded shape and relatively small size, their intensity may be different. Some people have a small number, literally a couple of pieces, and some are literally strewn with them.
By themselves, moles do not bear danger and may not disturb their master throughout their lives. But there are nevi, which should cause concern to the owners in terms of health - protruding above the skin, having hairs or those formations that change over the years and significantly spoil the appearance.
The classification of moles is quite extensive, but first of all it is necessary to remember and know about dangerous nevi, which tend to change and outgrow.
Moles can be intradermal, which are represented by a cluster of pigment cells in the dermal layer of the skin, epidermal moles - an accumulation of pigment cells of the skin in the middle layer of skin. In addition, there are borderline nevi - a cluster of cells at the border of the dermis and epidermis. The first 2 species look like a pea, but the 3rd type is the most flat. It is the border nevi that have the ability to malignize, i.e. reborn into malignant neoplasms. Most often such moles turn into melanoma, according to statistical data, about 70% of melanomas develop from nevus.
What moles are dangerous?
Among the moles that need to be shown to a specialist are those that fit at least one of the following criteria:
- Birthmarks that have appeared in adulthood;
- If their diameter exceeds 1 cm;
- The moles subjected to change have increased in size in all directions, this is growth horizontally, or they have begun to protrude significantly above the surface of the skin. Nevuses with fuzzy, blurry and torn outlines;
- Moles that cause pain or just unpleasant sensations when you accidentally touch are especially dangerous.
Moreover, there are strict indications for the immediate removal of moles and subsequent histological study - we are talking about oncological predisposition.
But you can remove nevi and aesthetic indications. Moreover, for cosmetic reasons, moles are removed without any medical purpose - even if the education is completely normal.
Only a specialist can deal with the removal of moles, in the presence of special equipment and sterile sanitary and hygienic conditions.
When planning the removal of a nevus on the face, it is worth remembering that this can be done at certain times of the year. After all, the face is an open part of the body, and after the procedure exposure to direct sunlight is unacceptable. The most acceptable late autumn, winter and early spring.
Mole removal methods: pros and cons
After the study and the decision to remove moles, regardless of the reasons, the doctor may suggest several ways.
This is a surgical method that is most common. The indication for the use of this method is the deep location of moles and oncologically transformed formations. Usually, this method is not used on the face, because after it there are scars.
Moles can be removed with the help of liquid nitrogen - cryodestruction. The method consists in the effect of cold on a nevus. The advantages of this technique is the preservation of tissues, in place of the mole remains a dry crust, which protects the wound surface from infection. Under this crust are active healing processes - a healthy tissue is formed, after the completion of its formation a dry crust disappears.
The disadvantage of using this technique is the impossibility of clearly determining the area of exposure to nitrogen, healthy tissue may suffer, moreover, there is a possibility of an incomplete effect on a nevus. And to solve the problem will need to re-impact.
In addition to the cold, heat is also used, namely, electrocoagulation. The method involves the impact on the high frequency nevus current, and the tissues are removed due to thermal effects. The minus of the technique, as in the surgical method, is the formation of the scar, although less noticeable in comparison with the surgical one.
When using a laser, there is a point effect on the desired place. This condition allows you to leave the surrounding tissue completely intact. Laser removal of moles on the face allows you to give a full guarantee of the absence of scars, scars, and so on. Aesthetically incorrect consequences. But this condition is valid only if the object to be deleted is small. If the mole is extensive, a stain may remain at the place of removal.
The most effective method of removing moles today is the method of radiosurgery. It involves the use of a radio coagulator, which allows almost no damage to healthy tissue. Due to its unique properties, the device simultaneously cuts, disinfects the surgical field and stops the blood. After the procedure, practically no trace remains, regardless of the size of the mole.
- The consequences that may arise after the procedure for removing moles, are different, will depend on many factors. First of all, it is the form, the nature of the mole itself, the level of professionalism and the observance of all rules and norms by an expert. Do not forget about the individual reaction of the body.
- Removal of moles using a laser is considered the safest, in most cases after it the patient does not need time for rehabilitation. Moreover, there are few side effects after the procedure; it is this fact that explains the popularity of the method.
- After removal, slight swelling, redness and crust formation can occur, which disappear within 10 to 14 days.
- The only burdensome fact can be called postoperative care of the mole, which is an important component of the recovery period. It will depend on him the speed of recovery.
Removal of moles on the face should be carried out exclusively in specialized clinics, with certified specialists. You should not save on your own health and beauty, because the consequences of poor-quality removal can be difficult. First of all, pay attention to the nevi that have changed visually. This may be a symptom of a serious illness.