The redness on the head and foreskin of the penis in urology is called balanoposthitis. The disease is inflammatory in nature and can manifest itself in men of any age. What can cause such inflammation? How is it treated? What are the preventive measures? In our article you will find answers to these questions.
Redness of the head and foreskin: causes
Predominantly balanoposthitis occurs in young boys under the age of 4 years. This is due to the fact that at this age the child does not completely remove the skin around the head, as a result, smegma accumulates under it. When creating favorable conditions for the reproduction of bacteria - a warm and humid environment, the genital organ and the area around it is inflamed. The same problems can arise in uncircumcised men due to insufficient or poor hygiene of the external genital organs.
Difficult urination, redness and itching of the head and foreskin, the stench of natural discharge, painful palpation of the penis are the main symptoms of balanoposthitis. The reasons for the appearance of these symptoms may be several.
For example, balanoposthitis can be a sign of skin diseases such as:
- Lichen planus is a skin disease with a slight itch, pink or purple spots on the hands and feet.
- Eczema is a chronic condition of the skin, the characteristic symptoms of which are itching, redness and cracks in the epidermis.
- Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by direct contact with an irritant or an allergic reaction.
- Psoriasis - it is considered a genetic disease. In psoriasis, it is characterized by redness and itching, not only around the penis, but also around the anus.
Redness of the head of the penis and foreskin can be triggered by exposure of the following irritants to the skin:
- synthetic substances that are present as part of condoms, spermicides or lubricants;
- washing powders and conditioners for clothes, if they were not washed enough;
- aromatic oils, shower gels and other aggressive detergents.
Microbes on human skin are constantly and most often do not cause any problems, since their number is small. When certain conditions are created, harmful microorganisms begin to multiply rapidly.
There are several types of harmful microorganisms that cause inflammation of the foreskin:
- Candida - a fungus that causes thrush;
- bacterial infections caused by the streptococcal group of bacteria;
- sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea, genital herpes, syphilis, chlamydia.
Balanoposthitis delivers a man some discomfort, very often leads to difficulties with erection and decrease in sexual activity. That is why, whatever the cause of the redness of the head and foreskin, an urgent examination of the doctor and proper treatment are required.
As already described above, balanoposthitis occurs as a result of exposure of the skin to irritating factors and the proliferation of bacteria. But doctors say that indirect reasons for creating certain conditions can also lead to reddening of the head and foreskin.
The following risk factors are distinguished:
- Phimosis is a tight fit of the foreskin to the genitals, which does not allow to fully open the head. Sweat, urine and smegma gradually accumulate under the foreskin, causing irritation and germs. Phimosis is extremely rare in adult men and adolescents.
- Men with diabetes are more susceptible to infection, especially when blood sugar levels are not controlled. If there is glucose in the urine, its particles can settle on the foreskin, contributing to the active reproduction of bacteria.
- With unprotected sex, if the partner has vaginal thrush, the man can also become infected, which increases the risk of developing balanoposthitis. In addition, during sex without a condom, you can easily pick up sexually transmitted infections.
People who are at risk should undergo a regular check-up, blood tests and other necessary tests.
Treatment of balanoposthitis directly depends on its causes:
- If redness was caused by fungal viruses, a common treatment is a course of anti-fungal ointments and tablets.
- In the event of infection, including sexually transmitted diseases, take antibiotics, such as erythromycin or penicillin.
- Soft anti-inflammatory cream is designed to reduce redness in case of allergic reactions and exposure to skin irritants. Sometimes these ointments are used in addition to anti-fungal pills and antibiotics.
With regular reddening of the head and the adjacent flesh, as well as phimosis, the doctor will suggest cutting. If balanoposthitis is a consequence of skin diseases, the treatment will be carried out by a dermatologist.
How to protect yourself: useful tips
To prevent the emergence and development of balanoposthitis you can, following simple rules of daily hygiene:
- Wash your genitals properly every day. While in the shower or bath, gently pull off the foreskin and gently clean the head using only water or baby soap. Once again make sure that the sexual organ is completely dry before you put on your underwear.
- Avoid irritants. Especially if you think that the symptoms are caused by substances that are part of condoms or lubricants. Try contraception for sensitive skin.
- After each sex, even with contraception, thoroughly wash the genital area and the adjacent foreskin.
- If your job involves using chemicals, wash your hands well with antibacterial soap before going to the toilet.
- Always resort to protection every time you have sex with a new untested partner.
- Use anti-allergic powder and conditioner for washing clothes. Once again, check whether the clothes are well splashed.
In order to prevent the proliferation of germs, the sexual organ must always be dry and clean. Remember that regular hygiene is the key to men's health and lasting potency. Be healthy!