Stroke remains the leading cause of disability in adults in almost 75% of cases. This disease entails depression and the final cessation of professional activity. How to minimize the consequences of a stroke? What are the predictions for recovery? Consider recovery after a stroke at home.
Stroke: main types
There are two types of stroke:
- Cerebral cerebral infarction or ischemic stroke. According to statistics, this disease accounts for 80 to 85% of all strokes, which are mainly the result of occlusion of a cerebral artery by a thrombus.
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage in the brain or hemorrhagic stroke. It is the result of the rupture of a small cerebral artery due to atherosclerotic changes in the vessels.
Consequences and risks
Overcoming a stroke is not given to everyone. Rehabilitation sometimes takes a very long time and can be fragmented. The severity of the disease is variable, ranging from a transient ischemic attack, which regresses within a few minutes and ends with a stroke, leading to varying degrees of severity of irreversible damage.
About a third of patients still have severe aphasia, which limits communication. Another third is recovering enough to communicate properly, despite the consequences. The last third of people show only a minor recovery, in which the consequences may ultimately be catastrophic.
In addition, patients who have experienced the first blow face various health risks. Their follow-up is particularly important in preventing re-stroke. The importance of this risk and the measures that will be implemented to prevent relapse depends on the cause of the first strike.
Depending on the circumstances, to significantly reduce the risk of relapse, the following measures are taken:
- managing high blood pressure or high cholesterol levels;
- administration of antiplatelet drugs or anticoagulants;
- surgical or endovascular treatment of arterial stenosis or vascular malformations.
Life after stroke
After discharge from the hospital and upon returning home, a long rehabilitation and rehabilitation phase, which requires patience and some effort, begins. The main thing is that the patient and his relatives firmly believe in the success of the cure for this serious illness. Throw away negative emotions, you only need a positive attitude, despite the fact that much will have to learn again.
Of great importance in recovering from ischemic stroke at home is the normalization of breathing, impaired post-stroke condition. To do this, perform special breathing exercises that contribute to the saturation of body tissues with oxygen, the intensification of blood circulation, the restoration of diaphragm tone. One such exercise is ballooning your mouth.
Simple rehabilitation exercises
Specialized medical gymnastics complexes have been developed for the recovery of patients after a hemorrhagic stroke at home. Consider exercises for bedridden patients:
- Take the patient by the ankle of the leg and, sliding on the bed, bend it at the knee. Repeat the same with the second leg to slowly restore walking skills.
- Do multiple flexings and extensions of the hands, fingers, elbows and feet.
- Perform an imitation of the rotational movements of sore hands in the shoulders and legs in the joints of the thigh.
- Train your eyes. The patient should, if possible, make a rotational movement of the eyeballs. The exercise is repeated with eyes open and closed.
To restore the motor functions of the hands after a stroke at home, you can do the following exercises:
- With a towel or diaper, fasten the patient's arm in limbo and move it progressively from side to side. Exercise duration - 25-30 minutes with short (up to 2 min.) Rest breaks.
- In the prone position, arms are slowly raised above the head. You must try to reach the back of the bed, and when this happens, you need to try to make a pull-up. At the same time, the feet should be pulled out, imitating the stretching.
- In the case of persistent paralysis, a longuet should be used, to which the arm is tightly clamped with the fingers previously extended and the elbow joint. Fixation is carried out from 30 minutes. and longer depending on the health of the patient.
Learning to talk
To restore speech after a stroke at home, we need regular training of hearing. This is due to the fact that to restore the function of speech, the patient needs to hear the conversation. In severe cases, you should start with the pronunciation of simple sounds with the gradual complication of tasks. Effective way to restore speech is singing. The patient should try not to pronounce the words, and chant them.
For the correct pronunciation of sounds should do these exercises:
- stretching the lips in the form of a tube;
- stretching the lips with a smile so that the teeth are visible;
- pulling the tongue from the mouth as far as possible;
- light biting of the lips;
- rotational imitating lip licking movement of the tongue.
One of the longest (from several months to years) rehabilitation processes is home post-stroke memory recovery. The main task of this period is to renew the ability to memorize. For this purpose, conduct training, during which constantly repeat certain words, numbers, names of relatives. Not bad help learning verses and board games, when the patient's attention is distracted from others and focused on performing certain actions.
In many ways, recovery of the patient after a stroke depends on the care and care of people close to him, especially in the first time after discharge from the hospital and adaptation to new conditions. Believe in success, and you will definitely succeed!