When a person is diagnosed, he wants to know everything about his illness. However, the information is often so incomprehensible that the situation even more frightens the patient. Today we will talk on the topic: Raynaud's syndrome, its symptoms and treatment.
How is syndrome different from Raynaud's disease?
Before talking about this disease, you need to understand that there is Raynaud's syndrome and Raynaud's disease - these are not synonymous, but 2 different diseases.
Raynaud's disease is quite rare and most often affects the hands and feet. However, it differs in that a symmetrical defeat occurs. This pathology is associated with poor functioning of the arteries of the extremities, which is manifested in the appearance of areas of the body where there is no blood flow. In these places, the skin becomes unnatural color, according to this indicator you can find Raynaud's disease.
Most often, this pathology "chooses to sacrifice" women under the age of 40 years and people suffering from frequent headaches.
If the patient has a history of such a picture: a disease of the arteries of the hands or feet and problems with the functioning of the connective tissue, usually of a chronic nature, then we can speak not of the disease, but of Raynaud's syndrome of the upper and lower extremities. That is, in this case, the illness develops not on its own, but against the background of some other disease. Also, the syndrome will be different in that there is no symmetry in the lesion.
Why did this disease overwhelm you?
Any disease does not appear spontaneously, each has its origins, as well as Raynaud's pathology. The reasons why this ailment has overtaken you, may be as follows:
- The presence of rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis;
- The presence of blood diseases, for example, multiple myeloma;
- There are vascular diseases, for example, thrombotic syndrome.
There are also factors that can trigger Raynaud's disease:
- Severe stress;
- If the work is associated with constant vibration;
- Past infections;
- Malfunctions in the endocrine system;
- Various kinds of poisoning: with metals, alcohol, etc.
Raynaud's syndrome in women usually gives the following symptoms:
- Numbness of the hands or feet;
- Tingling and burning of the limbs;
- The skin becomes pale, then blue, then red (when warming). However, not all patients have all 3 stages, it happens that only 1 or 2 phases are present;
- If the form is Raynaud's disease, then, as a rule, the lesions are symmetrical;
- These changes sometimes affect not only the feet and hand of the patient, but also other parts of the body;
- If the patient has been suffering from the syndrome for several years, then ulceration on the fingers is possible.
Stages of Raynaud's disease and competent diagnosis
If you look at this ailment in stages, you can see the following 3 steps:-
- Cold, severe stress or a combination of other factors cause vasoconstriction. This leads to the fact that blood does not flow to your extremities, and you stop feeling them, and you feel a slight tingling or burning sensation;
- If the spasm does not let go, then the next feeling is pain, and the hands or feet turn blue;
- After a few minutes, the spasm can pass on its own, then the skin acquires a normal shade (or this effect can be achieved by warming).
These 3 stages go sequentially, that is, one replaces the other.
Of course, Raynaud's disease of the upper and lower extremities needs a competent diagnosis, which includes:
- Interviewing a patient and identifying all his complaints, including the need to find out about the first appearance of the ailment, how it proceeds in a particular patient;
- Examination, which can be called general: a specialist checks the heart and lungs, be sure to examine the skin;
- If this diagnosis fails, then the following clinical study is carried out: the patient’s limbs are exposed to cold, if Raynaud's disease is present, then it will immediately manifest itself by the already known symptoms.
Also, the doctor must establish the form of Raynaud: a disease or syndrome. To this end, he conducts a series of diagnostics, allowing to exclude other diseases in the background, which Raynaud appears:
- Complete blood count, as well as its testing for some special diseases;
- Study of capillaries located on the nail plate;
- Checking the health of blood vessels, as well as blood flow in them;
- Ultrasound examination of the kidneys;
- If there is a need, then conversations are held with other specialists, for example, a rheumatologist.
The main question: how to treat it?
One of the main questions that can be heard in the doctor's office: how to recover now? In Raynaud's syndrome, the treatment is as follows:
- Treatment of the disease against which this syndrome appeared;
- The patient is prescribed drugs that help vessels to dilate;
- You also need to drink a course of drugs that can improve blood flow, not allowing the appearance of blood clots;
- Surgical intervention.
In any case, the disease can not be self-treated, so in order to become healthy, you need to contact a specialist who, based on the diagnosis, will prescribe the correct therapy.
Now Raynaud's disease, its symptoms and treatment for you is not just a set of mysterious words. So, if this ailment has overtaken you or your loved one, you will be able to recognize it and consult a doctor in time. Take care of your health!