A fairly common disease applies and so unpleasant as scalp psoriasis. The occurrence of psoriasis on the head can be observed at any age.
Sometimes psoriasis on the head can be taken for the occurrence seborrhea. Therefore, despite the various symptoms that belong to this disease, there are several basic signs that are characteristic only for him. These are skin lesions in the form of well-defined reddish plaques that are covered with silvery scales, usually appearing on the bending surfaces and scalp.
When psoriasis occurs, it is very important to take the necessary measures in time., allow you to control the course of the disease at home.
Symptoms of Psoriasis on the Head
In most cases, psoriasis occurs on the neck, arms, legs, but it can appear on any part of the skin. To the main symptoms of psoriasis on the head, faced by all patients include bleeding and cracked skin, persistent itching and soreness.
Doctors can easily diagnose psoriasis, but the disease can be delayed for a long time and even years, if you do not take measures to alleviate the symptoms that accompany it. To more effectively deal with the symptoms of psoriasis, you must learn to distinguish it from dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis. The main differences in dandruff are stronger itching, yellow, oily scales, which are different from the silvery and thick scales in psoriasis.
More often itching for psoriasis appears during an exacerbation, along with irritation to the skin. Also psoriasis spreads from the hairline to the ears, neck and down to the forehead.
How to treat psoriasis on the head?
- To relieve psoriasis on the head and to reduce the manifestation of its symptoms, it is necessary to keep the skin hydrated. With the help of the cream, you should soften the skin and remove the formed crusts, strictly following the procedures prescribed by the doctor.
- In order for the disease not to develop, it is necessary to minimize various mechanical damage to the skin, being careful. It is necessary to remember about the skin, and not about the hair, with psoriasis, it is she who is damaged, and it should be treated. You should cut your nails, avoid sunbathing for a long time, try not to overdry the skin.
- In the treatment of psoriasis, it is necessary to strictly observe a special diet, in which there is no animal protein and carbohydrates.. At the progressive stage of psoriasis, allergy medications, sedatives, vitamins and hyposensitizing drugs are prescribed. Ointments such as salicylic ointment 2%, Flutsinar, Unna cream, Ftorocort can help the skin.
- When psoriasis passes into a severe stage, corticosteroid hormones are administered orally, sometimes immunosuppressants. In some cases, photochemotherapy, hemosorption, and plasmapheresis are performed.
Psoriasis of the scalp
With psoriasis of the scalp, sharply limited plaques appear, whereas, with seborrhoeic eczema, peeling occurs without any clear boundaries, and yeast fungus plays an important role in the disease itself.
Psoriasis of the scalp is accompanied by rashes in the hair growth zone and at the border, and they are always accompanied by itching, but not as strong as with seborrhea. In some cases, there is a strong peeling, like dandruff. Elements of the rash over time begin to grow.
Treatment of psoriasis of the scalp
To the very first stage, allowing start effective treatment of psoriasis on the scalp, refers to the removal of the resulting thick scales. This can help local drugs that penetrate the problem areas and facilitate their cleaning. The most commonly used keratolytics contain active ingredients: urea, salicylic acid, phenol, or lactic acid, which help dissolve plaques or skin flakes. Moisturizing ointments, oils, creams and lotions can also soften and reduce the flaking of the scalp.
Once the appeared scales are softened, they can be removed with a brush or a frequent comb. The head should be gently combed with circular light movements, holding the comb to the surface to be treated in parallel. When the scales separate, wash your hair with shampoo. But you can not brush your head too vigorously in order not to scratch it and not bring infection.
Useful will be shampoos, which include salicylic acid and tar. Foaming and liquid preparations are very easily applied to the hair and scalp. But in severe exacerbations, it is necessary to use not only external preparations, but also drugs. Before use, it is very important to apply shampoo, cream or ointment on an inconspicuous place on the head for the test.
Sometimes during treatment, hair may fall out or irritation may appear on the skin. After the treatment, the hair will grow back, but if their loss continues, you should immediately contact your doctor again.
Psoriasis is difficult to treat, therefore, it remains only to control its appearance on the head and its hairy part. For the treatment of psoriasis, there are many different creams and lotions, as well as special baths and medicines that will facilitate the course of this unpleasant disease. To not run psoriasis on the head, It is necessary at the first signs that may indicate it, consult a doctor, for the symptoms of psoriasis are very similar to the onset of dandruff. To avoid complications, you need the help of a doctor, as only a specialist can accurately diagnose and prescribe the appropriate treatment.